Join Chad Perkins for an in-depth discussion in this video Making basic edits, part of Premiere Pro CS5 Essential Training.
In this movie, we're going to look at making the most basic of video edits and these edits that we're going to look at in this movie are actually the most common techniques that you will be using as you edit video, even when you get super pro and everything. Most of what we are going to be doing is we are going to be taking this clip here, this RideBy clip, and we are going to be trimming off some of this stuff in the beginning. We are also going to be trimming up the end a little bit as well. So what I am going to do is I am going to move my Current Time Indicator around this B-roll_ RideBy clip. We'll start at the beginning. As you can see, it takes a little while for the camera to kind of get situated and the bikers are way in the background and they stay there for a while, and this is very common with video clips because it's customary on a video shoot or a film shoot for the cameras to start rolling and then for the director to yell "action!" and start everything in motion afterwards.
So it's very common that the first few seconds, even the first few minutes, of a take are just kind of junk that you got to get rid off. So I am going to move my Current Time Indicator, and this is referred to a scrubbing by the way. So I am dragging my Current Time Indicator around and I get a live update while that's happening, even though not too much is going on. Then I am going to move this out to about here. This looks like a good spot. There is already action kind of happening, so the viewer doesn't have to wait for these bicyclists to kind of get into view here. So maybe around 12 seconds and 21 frames in, that's where I want to start this footage.
So we need to trim off all of this section right here. Get rid of that. So what we are going to do is make sure we have the regular black arrow selected from the Tools panel. You might have noticed earlier in this chapter, I had this docked to the right-hand side. That's actually where I prefer it to be. I'll talk about how to do that in the next movie on the interface. But what we want to do here if wherever your tools are, is select the black arrow, and that's the tool that you want to have most of the time. It is very versatile tool and it changes based on what's going on. So as I put the Selection tool over the beginning part of this clip on the left-hand side here, you'll see that it kind of changes to be this red bracket.
It kind of looks like a bow and arrow. Now what I am going to do is I am going to leave my Current Time Indicator where it is because I can use that as a guide and as a helper when I am cutting. So I am going to get this icon and then click-and-drag to the right and by the way, you want to make sure you don't have this icon. See how the red bracket is pointing the other way? That's bad stuff. That's actually going to trim the end of this clip, which is totally fine. So I am going to go back in and get that correct icon, drag to the right. You notice through my program monitor up here, I am getting a live update as I am trimming this.
So it's showing me what the new first frame of this clip is going to be. Well, I actually don't really need to worry about that because I put my Current Time Indicator where I wanted this edit to be. So what I can do is go over here and as we get close to it, it would be like the suction cup that just sucks it up and that will indicate to us that we are actually now on that same line, that same frame, with the Current Time Indicator. So we can let go of the mouse and then we have this big gap in footage. So if we scrub this now, it's totally black and empty.
So what we need to do is click-and-drag on this clip and move it to the left to make it come on earlier. Now again, we are getting this vertical black line that you could see and what this is, this is the snap feature. This is the same thing that we just saw with the Current Time Indicator, although the red line of the Current Time Indicator kind of hit it. But as we move around, you notice that these black lines all around the clip at the beginning and the end are snapping to other key points in the Timeline. So what I want to do is I want to line this up right there so that the first frame of this clip goes to the last frame of the B-roll_train clip that precedes it and our program monitor should look like it does now over here.
It should look like that with the train on the left-hand side and then we can let go. The snap feature is very handy. Make sure that your clips are all lined up and you don't have big blank gaps in your presentation, and this snap feature is controlled here by this little magnet. If you ever want to turn it off to get some more precise control, just click it to turn if off, but almost all the time, I leave this feature on. I really enjoy-- especially as a new user you want to leave that there. The next thing we need to do is trim the end because it's a little bit too long now.
As we will learn in video editing as we go through this training series, we will learn that long clips are not a good thing and in the world of video, ten seconds is a very long time. So what we are going to do is grab the end of this clip and we are going to trim it in the same way we trim beginning of the clip. Click on the end and drag it to the left and we are going to move this until the end is lined up with the cut point below it down here, and we'll get again the snap line and then we can let go and now we have made a complete edit. We have gotten rid of the junk at the beginning of the clip and we have made it so that the clip that we are seeing here is the most exciting part of the clip and again, as we'll talk about later, that is really the key of video editing.
We don't want our viewers to sit here and look at the most boring part of our clip when we have got more juicy stuff to show them. So this is the good stuff and now this is what's part of our presentation. The best of the best is what we are going for in editing.
- Adding footage to the Timeline
- Creating dynamically linked content
- Making overlay and insert edits
- Moving edit points
- Playing a clip backwards
- Understanding pixel aspect ratio and frame rate
- Applying motion effects
- Cutting video to music
- Compositing with green screen and blend modes
- Correcting color
- Creating titles and lower thirds
- Exporting sequences
Skill Level Beginner
Q: When attempting to open the project exercise files into Premiere Pro CS5, an error message appears:
This project contained a sequence that could not be opened. No sequence preview preset file codec could be associated with this sequence type.
What could be causing the error, and how can the files be opened?
A: There are a few possible explanations.
Lastly, if the projects are not importing into Premiere, try importing the video footage by itself, rather than the entire project file.
Q: How does one perform internal edits within a piece of video in Adobe Premiere? For example, if I have a single clip of video, comprised of multiple segments strung together, how would I go about removing gaps and/or cleaning up each segment and then assembling the clips in a desired order? Most tutorials emphasize laying down multiple clips on the Sceneline or Timeline, but not editing one clip of video.
A: To remove footage from a single video clip:
- Drag the Current Time Indicator (CTI) to the first frame of the segment to be deleted, click the Split Clip button in the Monitor panel, drag the CTI to the last frame of the segment to be deleted, and then click the Split Clip button again.
- Delete the segment by clicking on the clip and either choosing Edit > Delete And Close Gap, or pressing the Delete or Backspace key. That will remove the segment and the rest of the projectwill slide over to the left to fill the gap.
Q: I can't view the exercise files.
A: Most of the video clips in the training were encoded using H.264. If you are on a PC, you may need to download the latest version of the free
QuickTime player from quicktime.com. Be sure to install QuickTime with your Adobe applications closed. QuickTime installs a series of codecs on your
machine, and many Adobe apps require QuickTime components to function properly.
Q: Why are many of the video files H.264 if some users must download additional components to view them?
A: This is one of the most common video formats in the world right now, certainly for distribution. This is because it is currently the most optimal
way to provide high quality video at the low files sizes that we need to be able to distribute these assets online. Even though it may require an extra
download for some users, this is the best way to be able to get you the highest quality exercise files. There isn't another video standard that is
cross platform that is free and that works as well as H.264.
Q: What is the most effective way to import a JPEG into Premiere Pro (i.e. best quality resolution, best playback speed)? When I import a photo as a JPEG and add it to a sequence, only a very small part of my photo is shown, because of the high resolution of these photos. Should they be resized in Photoshop first? Will changing it using effects provide the quality I am looking for?
A: Images can be scaled down using the Scale Transform in the Effect Controls panel as explained in the training. You can also scale down the images in Photoshop to match the size of your sequence in Premiere. But I prefer to use the Scale Transform as it gives me more flexibility and allows me to "zoom in" (aka scale up) photos without loss in quality. You'll probably want to make sure that the proportions of the image match the sequence though.
Q: Does Premiere Pro offer Z-axis editing like After Effects?
A: Premiere Pro does not offer 3D as After Effects does, but you can use the Basic 3D effect in Premiere to simulate that environment.
Q: The exercise files don't work for me. I get an error message stating the sequence(s) could not be loaded and it returns me to the Welcome screen. I am using the trial version of Premiere Pro and the correct codecs do not seem to be included.
A: All the required codecs are included in the trial version of Premiere. You just need to activate the trial with your Adobe ID. If you don't sign into Adobe, anything with MPEG compression will be unavailable. Signing resolves that issue and restores all MPEG-based support.
Q: I'm receiving the
following error message from Premiere Pro. "This project contained a
sequence that could not be opened. No sequence preview preset file or codec
could be associated with this sequence type." How do I resolve it?
Additionally, when I try
to create a project, I only have DV sequence presets available.
Q: When I tried to open the exercise files for this course, the following message popped up.
"This project was last used with Mercury Playback Engine GPU
Acceleration (CUDA), which is not available on this system. Mercury
Playback Engine Software only will be used?"
What do I have to do to solve the issue?
Q: After loading a project from the exercise files for this course, the media appears "offline" and cannot be used. How do I fix this?
A: This issue occurs because the project was not created in your copy of Premiere Pro, so your copy does not know where to look for the asset files. To fix this, please see the video "Relinking offline media."