Sometimes you want to change the color of an object in a clip. Many times when you shoot your video you set it up to facilitate this by using an object with a color tha'st easy to isolate, something much different than the other colors in the scene. Other times a color might stand out, distracting viewers from the center of interest on the shot. In any event, three of my recommended effects offer ways to change a color in a clip. Let's take a look at these clips. If you looked at the previous movies, you've seen these clips before, but we're going to use different effects on it this time. Here are these flowers. I want to apply the Change to Color effect.
Change to Color is one of the three. Change to Color, Paint Bucket and the Three- Way Color Corrector offer ways to change colors. So we'll start with Change to Color. I'll turn it on, open it up, and take a look at it. It has From and To, so from what color to what color. You can change by one of these settings: Hue, Hue & Lightness, et cetera. The two that work best are Hue and Hue & Saturation. Lightness tends to kind of just blow things out, but you can always try it out to see how it works. So let's just take a look at it. We'll start by selecting a color. As I hover around, you can see obviously this little swatch will change.
I'll hover over the flower. I'll hold down the Ctrl key on Windows and Command on Mac and click, and that has now selected the color that we want to change from. What we want to change to? Well, we make it something obvious. I'll click on this swatch to open the color picker, and we'll pick something like purple, because it'll be pretty easy to see. And lo and behold, how easy was that? It looks pretty actually. I'm going to change from Hue to Hue & Saturation. It will get a little richer there. Hue & Lightness gets weird.
Hue, Lightness & Saturation, weirder. So usually Hue or Hue & Saturation are your two best bets, and you can adjust things down here a little bit by taking the hue down slightly, to adjust that. That usually is the best way to deal with it. And you can adjust the Softness, which says how tolerant are you, going from one thing to the next, kind of like there? You can increase the Softness and it takes down to sort of extreme look that you have with Hue & Saturation.
I'll go back to Hue and you can make it a little brighter now. There we go. So that's Change to Color. You pick a color and you change to it, and then you can use one of these four settings. This little guy here says Setting To Color or Transforming To Color. Setting To Color kind of makes an exact smash. It takes the color you're setting to and just puts it right on top. Transforming To Color makes it little more gradual. It looks that the former color, compares it to the new one, and makes kind of a gradual shift as you move along. So this Transforming To Color doesn't be a little less extreme.
If we change to Hue & Lightness, we can see it's not as brilliant as it was before. If I go back to Setting To Color, whoa, it jumps off the page. So work with these two guys to find the thing that works best for you. Let's move on to the next guy. We've got some problems with this flower because the color sort of bled over the edges, but Paint Bucket is a different animal. I'll turn it on, and it's like, oh my gosh! What happened here? But Paint Bucket has a little icon there with four points to it. When you see that, that means it has a control point. There is the control point, and it says, tell me where you want me to get my color from.
Don't pick the color; just give me the location. So you drag that to something and now you start seeing, oh! Wait a minute, okay, it's just getting it from there, and it looks for edges. It does the best it can to try to find edges. And it says, okay, this is the thing that I'm going to pick. I won't pick the darn awning this time. I'm just going to pick the stuff that you've selected. I'm going to roll it around there and see if I can get something where we get most of the flower and not the awning. It's a little tricky, but you see we are getting that there. Now, you're thinking, wow! Why would I want to change that lovely pink flower into that red glob of gunk.
Well, folks, there are a lot of things you can do to it to get rid of the red glob. In fact, you'd probably never used that particular thing, because it's just a flat color. What's really cool is that it has blending modes. So let's first of all change the color to something little more appealing than a big red glob. There we go. And now we want to say, let's have a different blending mode. Right now it's Normal, but blending modes allow you to put one layer above another and blend them together. And usually a good way to blend things together nicely is with Screen. Oh, now we're talking. That's little better.
Or Color, cool. This thing is it still has these edges to it, so we can sort of try to fix the edges by changing the Tolerance. But then there is that thing with that darn awning again, but we could always go back to the fill point and try to fine-tune it when the awning doesn't show but we get most of the flower. It's one of those things you've got to kind of manipulate around until you finally get the spot that you like and then work from that point of view. But at any rate, that's Paint Bucket. It's a very clever thing. I like that it looks for edges rather than sort of looking for a color within the entire frame.
That's a real cool feature. Move on to this fence that we've seen before. Now this last time we had problems with this fence because I wanted to just have the green be highlighted and we had green stuff on the background showing up as well. This time I want to use this Three-Way Color Corrector to change the color of the fence. Then we'll see how that works with the stuff in the background. So here is the fence, and we've get the Three-Way Color Corrector on it. I'm going to turn it on. I've already created a mask. When you want to select a color inside the Three-Way Color Corrector you use the Secondary Color Correction down here, as we've used in the Secondary color correction chapters in this course.
I selected the green as I've done before and that, of course, when I turn on the mask you'll see that when I select the green it selects green besides in the fence. It selects it out here as well. I want to cover that up using a track matte. Nevertheless I've selected the green, so now that I've selected it, let's change the color. And you change the color by dragging one of these guys around to do it. Now which one should I drag? Let's find out what tonality this is. Yes, it is pretty much a midtone. A little bit of shadow inside there but boy, it's just solid midtone.
There aren't any highlights here to speak of. So I'll go back to Composite. I know I'm going to change things by changing the midtone and maybe the shadows, but we'll just try midtone first. I could go for something horrible like that. Ew! Or we can maybe be a little less extreme over here and give it something a little more subtle. That is a different color obviously. That's what I wanted to do, make a different color, but it's showing up in the back here as well. So I've used the secondary color correction to isolate the color that bleeds around the edge here. So then I'm going to connect a track matte to this to cover up this area and show the clip down below.
Now last time I did this I desaturated the clip below, like I did in the previous movie, but in this movie I don't want to desaturate it. I want the original color to show up here. So I go over here. I want this original one to show up and if I just turn off this track for a second, you'll see that that's the original color, and that's what I want to show up. So to do that I turn on the track matte. The track matte covers up this area. Just to remind you, the track matte is this rectangle that I put in the Video Track 3 above it and then connected with the Track Matte Key here, and then by doing that, that covers this guy up.
And I gave the track matte some keyframes to have it follow along with the guy on top, so that it won't allow this orange to show through the bottom. Let's move on to the last clip, our tomato shot. I want to be able to use the Paint Bucket on this one as well. So I'm going to click on Paint Bucket and turn it on. I've already selected a point here, and it's kind of tricky to select the point with all those tomatoes kind of scattered around. But I selected a point there and you can see the area that was selected, and you can see, whoa, it runs up her arm.
It goes off the edge here. So again, you can do the best you can, but you'll sometimes run off the edge, so I'm going to use a matte here as well. But before I do that, let's change the color into something a little more appealing than a big glob of red. I am thinking she bakes some tomatillos here instead of some red tomatoes, so I'm going to go for something greenish here. There you go, and that doesn't look quite right, but we've got a blending mode, which I just love in this little effect. And a blending mode, in this case, let's say I use something like Multiply.
It's going to look like oh, like they got seriously burned. Let's not use that. Let's use color instead, and it just shows the color a little bit. A little bit of red showing through, but I'll just try to give you a sense for how this works. Now we need to get rid of all this extraneous stuff around the edges here. So if I look at this guy--I'll close this thing down so you can see what's going on-- I have a Track Matte Key here ready to turn on. Once again, I created a rectangle to cover up the tomatoes and therefore reveal them and conceal this. And instead of desaturating this guy in the bottom, I'm just keeping it in its regular original state.
I'll turn on the Track Matte Key here on this one and away go those red colors bleeding off the edge and we've this tomatillo kind of thing here, which, by the way, we can always, if we think that it's just too green, we can always knock down the Opacity a little bit to kind of make it a little less shiny. We're can knock the Opacity down and do a Blending mode. So three different effects that allow you to change the color: one is called Change to Color, the other one is Paint Bucket, and then the other one is the Secondary Color Correction feature inside the Three-Way Color Corrector.
- Touring the vectorscope, YC waveform, RGB parade, and YCbCr scopes
- Analyzing clips for color and tonality issues
- Adjusting tonality with RGB Curves and levels-style controls
- Making specialized tonality edits
- Adjusting color channels using RGB Corrector
- Animating track mattes
- Compensating for changing lighting conditions within clips
- Isolating and changing a single color
- Creating film-like looks
- Working with third-party plug-ins