This video explores the mechanics and application of different types of video and audio transitions. You focus on the dissolve, both in terms of the logistics of applying it with various keyboard shortcut commands, as well as recommendations for use. You also explore changing Premiere's default settings regarding transition effect and duration. Finally, you explore the Morph Cut transition, which allows us to smooth out jump cuts.
- [Voiceover] I'd like to go over the basics of video and audio transitions, including the most common transition, the dissolve, as well as a few others including the very useful morph cut, which helps us smooth out our jump cuts. Alright, so I'm going to load the Topa Topa Transitions sequence, I'm going to come to this very first clip here to demonstrate some logistics. Now far and away the most popular transition you'll ever use is the dissolve, so I want to review the mechanics of adding dissolves and then we'll delve a little deeper. Alright, so I have this clip here, and it's a married video and audio pair, and so if I select the edge of the clip and then press shift + d, then by default we get a video cross dissolve added and we get an audio crossfade added called constant power.
So these are the default video and audio dissolves within Premiere Pro. Now by default it adds a 30 frame cross dissolve and a one second audio crossfade, and so in a 30 frame per second project these would be equal. We're in a 24, or 23.976, frame per second project, so these are a little bit different. As I play over this, you'll see that the video fades up from black and the audio fades up from silence. - [Man] Craftsmanship, quality, and community spirit. - [Voiceover] Alright, I'm going to delete both of those, and now I'm going to add just the video cross dissolve.
So I again select the edge and then this time I'm going to press cmd + d, or ctrl + d on a PC, and I get my default transition added. I'm going to undo that, and if I just want audio that's cmd + shift + d, or ctrl + shift + d on a PC. Alright easy enough. Now let's talk about this notion of the default transition. I'm going to come over to my effects tab, and then I'm going to type in the word cross because it actually gets me everything I need here.
And I'm going to first come down to cross dissolve. Alright so under video transitions, dissolves, cross dissolve, you see that it is surrounded with a blue highlight. And then under audio transitions, crossfades, constant power, that's the blue highlight. So right now Premiere Pro has these as the default transitions but you can change this if you like, okay. And we'll get back to this, we will actually change the default transition in a bit but I'll show you how to do it right now. If for example I wanted the cross zoom to be the default transition, I would just select it, right click, and choose set selected as default transition.
So we'll keep that in our back pocket, but I want to keep it on the cross dissolve for now. Now I also want to talk about this notion of duration, we said that the video transition was 30 frames and the audio transition was one second. You set that up in Premiere Pro, preferences, and timeline, this is in the edit menu on a PC, and then you come up to video transition default duration and audio transition default duration. We've got 30 frames and one second. So if you know that you're going to add a bunch of shorter video transitions, you can just come in here and change that preference.
Again, keep that in mind because we will do that a little bit later as well, I'll cancel for now. I also want to show you how you can edit transitions tactilely in the timeline. If I add a transition, I'm just going to press shift + d here, then you can grab onto it to make it shorter or longer, either one. Okay I'll go ahead and delete these for now. If you have a transition in between two clips, you can manipulate it further, so I'll press cmd + d to do a video transition here and again you can make it longer or shorter, but you can also grab it in the middle and then drag it to the left and to the right, alright.
So right now the transition is ending on the cut and here the transition is starting on the cut. You can open the effect controls panel to have more control here as well. As you see here, alignment is now starting on the cut, I can end on the cut, I can center on the cut, I can also put in a very specific duration, so if I know that I need a six second dissolve, I can just type in six, enter, and now we have a short six second dissolve. And I'm going to delete that.
One last thing about logistics, if I wanted to add a video and audio transition, so my video dissolve and my audio crossfade, on a non-married pair, you know right now I'm clicking on the video but the audio is not selected and vice-versa because these are not related, you just have to click and then shift click and then you can press shift + d and then dissolves are added to both. And then you can also add dissolves in between many clips at once by just selecting the clips, you don't have to select the individual transitions, you can just select all the clips that you want to add transitions to and then press shift + d and you've added transitions in between each of those segments.
So I'll go ahead and give it a play to see what we think. (energetic music) Alright so if we like that look we could definitely keep it, I'll leave those there for now, I'm going to come to this marker down here and I want to talk about adding other transitions that are not the default transitions. So for example, right here let's add that cross zoom that we saw, okay.
So to add a transition that is not a default transition you just drag and drop, like so, and then I'll go ahead and play this and see what we think. I'll just press tilde to maximize the program monitor. (energetic music) Alright, so as you saw it zoomed in on the A clip and zoomed out on the B clip, some people really like this look, there is some modification that you can do for this sort of thing. Again, I would just select the transition, and then come over to the effect controls panel, and you can see that I can change the duration, I can change the alignment, it gives you a visual display of the A shot and the B shot, you can show the actual images so that you can work with this a little bit better, and you can also grab in here, so if I wanted to move this transition over and customize exactly where I wanted that to appear I could, and you can also trim right here in the effect controls panel as well.
Alright, I'm going to press tilde to minimize here, and then I'm going to come over to these shots right here. Alright, so all of these have to do with Casey in the brewery making the beer, and then we come to the actual tasting where people are drinking beer. So let's try a few transitions in this last part of the sequence. Right now, the default transition is a cross dissolve, so if I wanted to leave it as the cross dissolve but perhaps reduce the duration, again I would just come up to Premier Pro, preferences, and timeline.
And let's make this an eight frame dissolve. Okay, so instead of 30 frames we're going to change that to eight, and okay. And now I'm going to select these last clips in the timeline, and then I'll press shift + d, okay and now we have these little eight frame dissolves in between these clips. (energetic music) I'm going to undo that, cmd + z, and now let's really change it, let's actually change the default transition altogether.
I'm going to go to cross zoom, and then I'm going to right click and choose set selected as default transition. So now the default is an eight frame cross zoom. Again, I have them selected so I'll just press shift + d, and let's see what this looks like. (energetic music) Alright, I'm actually not a fan, so I'll undo that. And I definitely recommend to really go easy on your transitions, alright.
You can experiment, but use them sparingly. Find times in your sequence where you really are bridging from one location or time or concept to another, and save them for those. Now there is one last transition that I would like to show you, and it's actually pretty amazing, it's called the morph cut. I'm going to come over to Jack's interview here, and when we were cutting up our interview we ended up with dozens and dozens of these little jump cuts because we were combining different parts of the interview together. Let me show you the jump cut.
I'm going to maximize, tilde. - [Jack] Craftsmanship, quality, and community spirit. That underlies everything that we do. - [Voiceover] Alright, so before we just applied some B roll on top of that jump cut so that we didn't see it, but we do have the ability to actually apply a transition called a morph cut to try to hide it. So I'm just going to type in morph here, and there it is, morph cut, and I'll drag and drop it right on. Alright, and by default, because we changed our preferences, you can see that we have an eight frame morph cut, and this is usually pretty good, six, eight, ten frames for a morph cut is usually recommended.
Now in order to see this in action, I do need to render it, and we will talk about rendering more at the end of this chapter, but I'm just going to mark an in and an out around the morph cut, and then I'm going to come up to sequence, and then render in to out. Okay so I'm going to play over this now, and you'll see that it really does quite a nice job smoothing out this jump cut. - [Jack] Quality and community spirit, that underlies everything that we do. - [Voiceover] Alright, so we know that it's there, so we could probably catch it, but if you're not looking for these you won't see them, and they are everywhere, these types of transitions like morph cuts are hiding so many jump cuts.
- [Jack] Quality and community spirit, that underlies everything that we do. - [Voiceover] Alright, so whether you're applying default dissolves or other more complex transitions, it's pretty easy to add and manipulate the transitions however you want.
This is the first part of a two-part series. The second installment explores more intermediate techniques.
- Touring the Premiere Pro interface
- Asset organization and project management
- Basic editing
- Trimming and refining
- Basic audio editing
- Working with stills and graphics
- Basic effects
- Manipulating clip speed
- Using automatic and basic color correction tools
- Working with titles
- Sharing and exporting