Join Bryan O'Neil Hughes for an in-depth discussion in this video Rips and creases, part of Learning Photo Restoration with Photoshop.
- [Host] Okay so far we've worked on a fairly lightweight file. And you get the idea that you can go pretty far in Lightroom, but to do the serious stuff you need to go over to Photoshop. Well I want to show you some really important fundamental tools over in Photoshop to clean up the image. And this is the sort of thing where you're going to spend some time with these tools so I'm not going to have you watch me do it for too long but I want you to understand how they work. So this image here has quite a few problems. There's a lot wrong with it. The corners are rounded off, I might use my frame replacement technique for that.
But the rips and the creases and the damage are just a little bit more severe so I definitely want to send that over to Photoshop and work on it over there. Now I know that this is going to be a brush based operation. I know I'm going to be interacting with the pixels so I could send it over as a smart object but I'm just going to have to flatten it. So I'm just going to send it over normally. Again there's a couple way to do that. I can right click, edit in, Photoshop, or I could just hit command E and that's going to go ahead and duplicate the image, launch Photoshop, and it will be sitting over there waiting for me in Photoshop.
Okay now remember anytime I'm going to do any sort of brush based edits, just so I have the flexibility, I'm going to go ahead and duplicate the layer so that I can see my before and after and so I have some flexibility when I'm working with it. I've just duplicated what I have. Next thing I'm going to do is I'm going to come in and I'm going to assess the damage. Now if you double click on the zoom tool you'll come in straight to 100 percent. It's probably more than you really want to see of the image. So I back up a little. And just get a sense of what you're working with. Now in the back of my mind I'm probably going to fix that border latter, so I'm not going to worry too much about the edges of the border.
We can do that trick that we looked at earlier. What I want to worry about is these scratches. And I want to show you the tools that we use in Photoshop to get rid of scratches, and more significant things like rips, tears, and creases. So very similar to what we did over in Lightroom, we're going to use our spot healing brush. The things that are different here, you have a lot more precision with the brush engine. It's pressure sensitive so if you have a stylus, you can just gently use it and you can choose a really specific brush.
I'm going to use my control and alt key, or control and option key, drag left to right there. You want to use a small brush with a somewhat soft edge so I'm mouse dragging up and down to soften the edge. Left to right for the size. Now I can use this one of two ways. I can either use it to remove a spot, simply by clicking. And it's great for that. Or I can come through here and drag it over an area, and it's going to do a really nice job there. Now the thing to be mindful of is, you want to essentially drag this over until you get too close to any sort of subject, like over here.
And if you see a ghosting of where it was, let me undo that, the other way to get around that is to take a slightly larger slightly softer brush. Essentially what that's doing is it's just giving the tool more information to sample from. That's a little more random result, that's a little more what I had in mind. Now, if we're working on the edges, this is where it gets trickier, because simply dragging over that might work and it might not, you see that got a little bit lumpy there. And if I come in here to the corner, I'm not going to get the exact result I want, although it did to a pretty decent job.
In that case I'm going to want to switch to my clone tool. This is an old tool, it's been in Photoshop a long time, but it's been modernized so that I get a nice preview. The way that I would work this one is I'd set the brush the size I want it. And you're going to option or alt click to choose your clone point, where it's sampling from, and then you just move your cursor over and you get this fantastic preview. So I can just apply that right there, I can come down the line and apply it right there, I could take that right to the corner if I wanted to.
And on this side that I don't have as much to work from, but I can option or alt click there, and come right down there. That's how you're going to work those small areas. If we come in here to the legs of this chair, stuff that's really difficult, this is where you're going to want to zoom in really close, give yourself a really nice small brush, and the only way to do these is to just take your time. Option click on an area that you want. And just start working it down, sometimes you'll work from the bottom up, sometimes you'll work from the middle.
And it's all about putting in the time to work through the file. And you can get there. Find a common area like the shadow and just walk that down there. And this is where it starts to get a little more artistic cause you're actually assembling pieces of the image together. So those tools, the clone tool and the spot healing brush tool, you're going to use those constantly. Okay there's another couple of things that you can do and one of those is the patch tool. So sometimes you select an area and it samples from the wrong spot.
Now over in Lightroom, we saw where it sampled from. The way to work around that in Photoshop is to use the patch tool. And there's two different ways to use the patch tool. There's normal mode and there's content aware. I'm going to use content aware. It's a much smarter way of doing it. The way that it works is we select the area that we want to fill in and then we select where we want it fill from. And it's done a great job in that case. Really really nice job. Now I can see the edge a bit which tells me that maybe I have the structure and the color wrong.
Let's look for an area that even more pronounced so I can show you how to adjust those. I'm just going to select the big chunk right there and I'm going to move it down here. And say I want you to copy from one place to the other even though there's this strange gradated area here. Now at this point I'm going to pull the structure way down and I'm going to adjust the color as well. And you can see that between those two you can get a much more pleasing affect even though I took something that didn't match at all.
Now the best way to do that would be to work with small pieces of the edge. Like so, and just gradually build in on it. So those tools combined are going to allow you to piece things together, clone, heal, and patch.
- Scanning versus photographing images
- Using Photoshop Fix for quick restoration
- Using Lightroom to prepare for restoration
- Saving time using bulk/multifile processing
- Hiding flaws and recovering details
- Retouching images in Lightroom
- Working with Smart Objects and layers
- Blurring and sharpening selectively
- Handling rips, creases, and missing pieces
- Dealing with stains and water damage
- Using Content-Aware Scale to adjust images
- Colorizing a photo
- Changing expressions