Join Neil Rhodes for an in-depth discussion in this video Repairing some scratches, part of Photo Restoration Techniques: Color Casts and Fading.
- View Offline
- In this lesson we need to correct the color cast on the image. It's very heavy pink and red. There are many ways in Photoshop to adjust a color cast. We could use an opposite color to counteract the color cast. We could have a look in channels and see which is the problem channel, but to keep things simple, we're going to try the Image Adjustment Menu. We're going to try Image, Auto Tone, and then Image, Auto Color, which has got us a long way already to adjusting the image back to normality. Next thing, we're going to tackle is a faded area to the right-hand side.
Clearly, the right-hand side of the image is more faded than the left. I'm just going to burn in some shadows there. Just going to select the Burn Tool, Shadows, 10% and a large brush. I'm going to do a bit of burning here, just to add some contrast back to the right-hand side of the image. We don't really need to do very much. That will probably suffice. The next step is to address the reds and the yellows. It's not really enough red going on in the skin tone and the grass is a little yellow. So, I go to Image adjustments, Hue Saturation.
Start with the reds, boost those, adding some red. Make the brown chairs, browner. A little bit of red in the faces to the right, and yellows. Now to reduce the yellow in the grass. It's a little too yellow for me. That will do and I'm going to say OK. Now, that's reduced the yellow in the roses in the background. So if we go to History, before we've made our changes to the hue saturation, History Brush, 100%, and we can dab back in the yellow roses quite easily.
I think that's all of them. Next step is to adjust the green. Now the green, we can add with a new layer, and select a green from our color palette here. A nice dark green. Fill the layer with green from the Bucket and the Fill Tool, and then select in the drop-down, to Overlay. That's there. We can then hide the layer. Layer, Layer Mask, Hide All. Making sure we're on the Layer Mask, we can paint with a brush in white.
Make sure that's white. Say okay. Make sure the brush is soft, and we can paint in here at 100% opacity, adding some green back to the grass. Now I know this looks right quite messy now, but it really won't take very long to blend that back in, in just a moment, so just quickly paint in the grassy areas, and then we can blur this selection and blend. So let's blur the selection now by making sure that's selected. So filter, Blur, Gaussian Blur, zoom out to see if we can find those white areas, and we're trying to make those nice and feathered, so they blend in.
What we can then do is reduce them in the opacity, so we've got our green added. It's not too heavy an effect. In an image, in the foreground you'll find the colors are far more saturated. So what we're going to do is paint over these with your brush and saturate the greens in these branches in the foreground. That's add some depth to the image. Just paint over the darker areas. The darker ones will be more affected by the overlay mode.
Adding some depth, which is what we're after. There we go. And I think I'm happy with that, so I'm going to flatten the layer there. Layer, Flatten Image, and the next step is to tackle the roses, they're a bit too purple, and in the same fashion, we can add a layer. Choose a red. A nice dark red for the roses. Fill the layer. Set to Overlay. Let's keep going for color. Overlay. Layer, Layer Mask and Hide All, making sure we're painting on the black with a white brush.
White selected with a brush. Should still be soft from last time. Paint over these roses. Just dabbing them in gently, varying sizes. You could probably tackle this with a color selection or other fancy selection method, but this is just as quick and easy. Then we're going to blur the selection. Filter, Blur, Gaussian Blur.
Probably not as much as before. See the selection being feathered and blurred up there. Say OK. Then reduce the opacity down again. Just so that we made these roses a little bit more red than they were before. Using the same layer, if we set our brush opacity to around three or four percent, and zoom in on the faces of these people on the left-hand side, we can paint in a little bit more red tone and the hands and skin will match better their people on the right-hand side of the image.
It's just gentle dabbing in with the brush, so they're less purple, more red and pink. It won't take very long to do it. Maybe a little on this lady's arm here. It's very subtle, but it's subtleties that make the difference. Okay let's see now. Let's see how we get on with that. I'm going to flatten the layer again, because I'm happy with that. You can save the layers if you wish. A little bit of adjustment in the channels here. We can see a red hue coming in here on the side of the image, which we can correct in the red channel.
And if we select the Burn Tool and we're going to affect the highlights, so choose Highlights, around three, four percent. If we make sure we're looking at all the layers together, but with the red channel selected, we can work in the red channel, burning on the highlights, just a bit here gently as we go, a little bit at a time, and we can correct the red cast in this side of the image. Okay! There we are. Good to go! See you in the next lesson where we'll come back and adjust the damage!
These restoration jobs don't take hours of painstaking pixel pushing, but they still have unique challenges. In this course, master retoucher Neil Rhodes details the steps involved in fixing the kinds of color casts and damage typically found in vintage color snapshots. Using Photoshop, he shows how to select images for repair, remove scratches, adjust for color casts and tonal variations, and perform more complex light-leak removal with channels.