Join William Everhart for an in-depth discussion in this video Masking paint, part of Creating a Living Room Composite in Photoshop.
Applying paint to your digital walls is more than just filling an area with color. Just like painting on a real surface, you would want to mask areas that should not receive paint. Now, masking in Photoshop is no different except that we don't use paper and tape to create the mask. I will demonstrate not only how to apply paint to the surfaces in your image, but also how to prevent the paint from covering up any windows, doors, or room furnishings. So, here we are back in our image, my blank canvas if you will, and I'm ready to put some paint on the walls.
So, let me go over and import some swatches. Now, in an earlier video, I showed you how you could create your own swatches. Well I've got some news for you. Most paint manufacturers is now have actually offered their swatches of all of their paints for Adobe tools. Very cool. So, I've got a couple of those swatch libraries and I'm going to import them here now. From my Swatches Panel menu, I'm going to choose to replace my existing swatches with a new set.
And I'll just choose this first set here. Now, here are all the colors from that particular manufacturer, and if I hover over a color I'll see the name of the color and then also the code for that color. This one's called, Jester's Green. I kind of like that but let's go a little bit lighter. I kind of like this a little bit better. How about Ivy Vine? That looks good. I'm going to choose that color and then, I'm going to apply that to my walls. So, to do that, I'm going to go up here to my Layer menu, and from that I'm going to choose Fill Layer.
So, I'm just going to fill it with solid color. And this was Ivy Vine. There we go, I'll tell it OK, and there is that particular shade of paint. Now, you can continue this process but what I'm going to do is go ahead and mask this particular area off and then I can use that mask on other paint colors. So, over here in my Layers panel I'm going to temporarily hide this particular layer, and then I'm going to go over and I'm going to grab my Pen tool. From the top in the Tool Options bar, I'm going to make sure that I've set this to a path, and then I'm going to go ahead and start tracing the ceiling.
Next, I'll come down to the flooring and trace along the baseboard. Now that I finished the path, I'm going to go over to the Pads panel and I'm going to save this work path. Just double-clicking the name, and I will say this is my walls, and then I'll save my document. By giving it a name, and then saving my document, I can always come back to this path and load it up. Now, I'm going to take my Direct Selection Tool and fine tune the path a little bit. So, in case I missed a point, I can just pick this up and move it.
I can also select individual points like this and just pick it up, move it. And then, slide it back into place. Alright, that looks pretty good. I think I'm ready to start using this as a mask. So, once again I'm going to save my document and that will save that updated path for me. Now, I'll go back over here to my Layers panel and here in my layers panel I want to turn that green layer back on, and then I want to convert this path into a mask. So, first let me convert it into a selection.
I'll go back over to the Paths panel for just a moment, and with the walls selected here, and I can come down and say, hey, make this a selection. Now, it's an active selection, and then go back over to Layers. Now, what I have selected is actually what I want to keep. This is where I want the green. So, if I apply this as a mask now, well, it may keep it, it may not. Now, I already have a mask on this layer. So, really what I need to do is either fill this with black or white. Well, it's filled with white right now so, if I try to fill it with black, let's see what happens.
Whoop. I get just the opposite. Well, that's not a problem. I can invert this mask. So, I'm going to use the shortcut key, Cmd + I, Ctrl + I on a PC. And that should invert it. Now, bring it right back. And then, if I go to the Select menu, I can actually Inverse my selection. And now I have everything back the walls selected and then I will try to fill this with black. So, I'll be using the shortcut of Option and Delete because my foreground color is black.
And so, hey, there's my paint. Well, now that my mask is in place, what about the shading on the walls? I really don't see this, it looks like flat color here. Well, I can address that too. First, I'm going to deselect, Cmd+D, Ctrl+D on a PC, and then here with the layer selected, I can change it to blend mode. So, I might try something like a multiply and that seems to work pretty good. But you have other choices in here. You may want to try, say an overlay. didn't work in this particular case. And then perhaps even a, a hue might work.
Nah, doesn't seem to work out so good. Or perhaps color. So, it really depends, but it looks like the multiply is going to be your best choice for that. It really depends on the color and then, what is the existing color on your wall when you took the photo? So, it looks like multiply's going to work best for me on this one, so I'm going to switch this back to multiply. But, feel free to experiment with that, and make sure that it's going to fit your particular needs. So, that's it. That's how you apply paint, and then how you mask it off. Now, if I need another paint color, that's easy.
If I duplicate this layer. And I'm just going to call it blue because I don't know what color I'm going to get, but I'm going to get a blue color. I'll turn off the original ivy vine, and then this little color chip right here. If I double-click it, it allows me to pick another color chip, and so I could mix up another color. Or I could even go ahead and sample one of these other blues or greens or whatever. And then actually use that. So, let me pull this up, and now I can sample one of these other colors.
So, I have the color picker window pen, and I've got a slip over, and I've got my Swatches panel open here. So, I'm free to just pick any of these colors. And if I move my Color Picker out of the way here, you can actually see the colors being applied. Check that out. So, I want to pick a nice blue here for this one, and I'll tell that OK. And you can just keep doing that same thing. Duplicate the layer. Give it a different name, turn off the previous layer and then, double-click the colour chip for that layer. And select another color chip.
It's just that simple, painting digital walls is certainly a lot easier and a lot less messy than the real thing
- Finding design inspiration
- Picking your paint chips
- Selecting furniture
- Creating a vanishing point
- Masking paint
- Placing flooring
- Trying different layouts