Join Deke McClelland for an in-depth discussion in this video Getting around an image, part of Learning Photoshop: Photography.
In this movie, I'll show you how to get around an image inside Photoshop. Specifically, how to zoom in, how to zoom out, and how to pan around inside the image as well. Along the way, I'm going to pass along a few keyboard shortcuts. Now you can choose to ignore them if you like, but if you take the time to memorize them, many of which are quite easy to memorize, Then you'll find yourself moving around inside Photoshop much more fluidly, which means you can focus your attention on the task of editing your photographs.
Now, I'm still working in Bridge, just as I have been for the last few movies. To return to the last used Adobe application, In our case, Photoshop. You click on this little boomerang icon, just below the menu bar. And you can see it even says, return to Adobe Photoshop. And as soon as I click on it, I see Photoshop in the foreground. Now, I've got a couple of new images open, including this one that I captured with a Cannon 5D Mark 3. Which currently is about the best camera on the market.
It captures images that measure, about 5700 pixels wide, by 3800 pixels tall. That is to say a total of 22 million pixels. Which of course is a lot of detail. But we're not seeing it at first because when you first open an image, Photoshop zooms it out, so that you can see the whole thing at a single time. If you want to know the exact zoom ratio, you can go up to the Title tab here and notice that after the file name we see at 16.7%.
16.7% translates to one sixth. So you may figure we're seeing one sixth of the pixels inside this image. That's not actually true. What we're seeing instead, is one 1 of every 6 pixels wide, by 1 out of every 6 pixels tall. Which is to say 1 out of every 6 by 6. That is one out of every 36 pixels in all. So, in other words, we are not seeing many of the pixels inside this image.
And so what Photoshop is doing is its averaging the neighboring 36 pixels to create each one of the pixels we are seeing here. Which means that our image ends up looking a little fuzzy on-screen. If you want to see greater detail and clarity, you need to zoom in. And you do that by going up to the View menu and choosing the Zoom In command. And notice that it has a keyboard shortcut. On the PC, the keyboard shortcut is Ctrl+. On a Mac, that keyboard shortcut is Cmd+plus.
And so if you just keep pressing Ctrl+plus or Cmd+plus over and over again, you'll make those pixels larger and larger. Now, just a moment ago, we skipped over the 100% view, at which point we're seeing one image pixel For every screen pixel. Which makes this the most accurate view that there is. However, you can zoom in further at which pint the image pixels will take up a greater number of screen pixels. So we'll be able to see the individual pixels.
Inside this photograph. Now to zoom out, you either go up to the View menu and chose the Zoom Out command or once again we have a keyboard shortcut. Quite easy to memorize. It's Ctrl minus here on the PC or Cmd minus. On the Mac. The problem with zooming this way is we're always zooming in on the center of the image, which means I'm seeing a couple of nuts as well as this bar down here and it's unlikely that that's the portion of the image that I actually want to zoom in on.
So what I'm going to do is go up to the view menu and choose fit on screen in order to zoom out from the image. So we can take in the entire image at a time. And notice that that command has a keyboard shortcut as well. Of Ctrl-0, or Cmd-0 on the Mac. If you want to zoom in on a specific portion of the image, then you want to take advantage of this tool down here at the bottom of the toolbox, the Zoom tool. And notice it looks like a magnifying glass. Don't confuse it with another tool that looks very similar.
Which is the dodge tool which lightens portions of the image as you paint with it. We want the zoom tool down here at the bottom and notice you get a little plus cursor inside your magnifying glass. And, now if I click on this guys face here you can see that I'm zooming incrementally on this portion of the image. If I want to zoom out as well as center my zoom, then I press the Alt key. Or the Option key on a Mac. And that turns my plus into a minus at which point I can click.
I still got that Alt or Option key down to zoom out from the image. Now this is a very common tool as you might imagine inside of PhotoShop. Which is why it has a shortcut. And if you're not familiar with this shortcut, it may take a little time to get used to it. I'm going to switch back to my default tool, near the top of the tool box, which is a rectangular marquee tool, and then to get the zoom tool on the fly, you press 2 keys, Ctrl+Spacebar.
On the Mac, that's Cmd+Spacebar. And notice that I can now zoom in while clicking with these keys down. If I want to zoom out, I press Alt+Spacebar, or Option+Spacebar on the Mac. Now the other thing I want you to note, is that we're zooming incrementally. So whether I'm pressing Ctrl plus or Cmd plus on a Mac. Or I'm Ctrl space bar clicking or Cmd space bar clicking on a Mac. I go from 16.7% to 25%. To 33%, to 50%, to 67%, and then 100%, 200%, and so on.
Lets say that you want to be able to zoom continuously instead. Why then I'll press Control 0 or Command 0 on the mac to zoom all the way out. You press the Control and Spacebar keys, or Command and Spacebar on the mac, and then you drag to the right. And notice that zooms in continually. And when I release, I find that I've zoomed in to 271%. If you want to zoom out, you press Ctrl + space bar again, Cmd + space bar on a Mac, and you drag to the left.
And you will zoom out continuously. Another option that's available to you, and feel free to ignore it, I'm just showing it off in case some of you like it. You press Ctrl+spacebar or Cmd+spacebar (Mac) and you click and hold. And notice that that just starts zooming in continuously. If you want to zoom out, then release the other keys and press the alt key, or the option key on the Mac. That one's a little unusual, but it can come in handy sometimes. Alright, now let's get a sense for panning the image.
I'll return to the View menu and choose the 100% command, which also has a keyboard shortcut of Ctrl+1, or Cmd+1 on a Mac. And this is that size at which we're seeing 1 image pixel for every screen pixel. Therefore even though we're not seeing much of the image at a time, what we're seeing is exactly accurate. But when you're zoomed this far in, you are going to need to pan around. Now you can take advantage of the scroll wheel on your mouse or the scrolling options associated with a track pad on a laptop computer for example.
But we have another option. Located directly above the Zoom tool is the Hand tool and if you select it and then just drag around inside the image. You'll see that you can pan to a different location. Again, this is a very common operation that you can perform very easily from the keyboard shortcut. I'll switch back to my default rectangular Marquis tool, or any other tool for that matter. And then, in order to get the Hand tool on the fly. You press and hold the space bar, and then you can drag the image to any location that you like.
You can even fling it like that in order to quickly move to a different location. And then as soon as you release the space bar, you're returned to your previously selected tool. Alright, just one more thing I want to show you. Located down here at the bottom of the toolbox, we've got this Screen Mode icon If you click and hold on it, you'll see a pop-up menu. Right now I'm in the standard screen mode so I can see the entire interface, but I can hide the image window so that the image floats free behind the panels, and behind the toolbox and so forth, by choosing the second option.
Full screen mode with menu bar. And then notice that my scroll bars disappear. Also we lose the title bar at the top of the screen. If you want to see just the image and none of the screen elements, none of the interface Then you click and hold on this icon once again and you choose Full Screen Mode. In which case, you'll get this alert message that's telling you that while you're in the Full Screen Mode, you can return to the Standard Screen Mode by pressing F for Full Screen. Or just escape in order to get you out.
Go ahead and click on full screen in order to switch to that mode, and you can see the entire interface disappears. You can still do things like space bar drag the image to pan around or ctrl space bar click in order to zoom in And it's a Cmd+space bar+click on the Mac, or Alt or Opt+space bar+click in order to zoom out. And then to return to the Standard mode, all you have to do is press the Escape key. But as you may have noticed, when we were looking at that pop up menu right here, we've got a keyboard shortcut of F for Full-screen.
So when I'm in the Standard mode, I press the F key, in order to hide the title bar, as well as the scroll bars, so that I'm moving the image underneath the toolbox and the panels. Then if I want to see just the image to show it off to a client, for example, I press the F key again.And then to return to the standard screen mode, you press F, or the escape key, and you'll find yourself inside the soon-to-be familiar Photo-shop interface. And that's how you get around inside of an image.
Specifically, how you zoom in, zoom out, and pan around.
Interested in using Photoshop for graphic design? Check out the companion course, Introducing Photoshop: Design.
- Importing photos from your camera
- Adding copyright and metadata
- Adjusting brightness and contrast, and levels and hues
- Developing photos in Camera Raw
- Retouching eyes, teeth, and skin
- Cropping for composition and straightening a crooked photograph
- Resampling photographs for enlargements or reductions
- Sharpening photographs to maintain detail
- Working with layers, selections, and masks to make editable changes
- Merging and saving images