Extend a real-world scene, part 1 Photoshop: Retouching
Extending a real-world scene, part 1
In the previous two movies we gained some valuable skills and techniques, which will help us simplify and strengthen our photographs. We looked at how we can fill in or extend the background. Yet in both of those situations, the background or backdrop was pretty simple. What about images like this, where the backdrop is the real world? Well, here we're going to look at how we can use the Crop tool in order to extend our canvas, and then we'll explore how we can extend that background as well, so that the subject of this portrait is centered in the frame.
All right. Well, first let's press the C key to select the Crop tool. Next in the options bar, you want to make sure to turn off the Delete Cropped Pixels. You almost always want that off, because if you turn that option off the crops that you applied to your image won't be permanent. You can always undo them. Next, rather than cropping into the photograph, I want to extend the canvas. To do that you can just hover over one of the handles and then click and drag. Here as I click and drag what we'll see is that I now have this subject here centered in this frame.
Yet on the left-hand side, I don't have any pixels. That's okay. We're going to invent those or create those. We're going to extend our image to that side of our document. All right, to apply this crop just press Enter or Return. Next, let's select another tool like the Move tool, in order to hide all of those crop handles. All right, well, now that we can see that this subject in this portrait is centered, I'm liking it a lot better. Yet obviously, I need to somehow re- create the bricks and also the fireplace on the left and the right side.
Let's start to take a look at how we can do this. I'm going to double-click on this layer here and just name this BG for background and then what I want to do is create a new layer. Here we'll create a new layer by clicking on the New Layer icon, and in this case I'm going to go ahead and name this layer extend. The next thing that I want to do is I want to make a selection. Here I'm going to make a selection with the Marquee tool. This gives us the ability to click and drag over our image, and what I want to do is just click and drag over this side of the frame, so I have a nice good sample area of my photograph.
Then we're going to jump to a tool which allows us to move content and it allows us to do this in a way that it blends the content together. Here we're going to use Content-Aware Move. When you select this tool, you can either move content, which will in essence kind of swap content out. Or you can choose Extend. That's what we want to do here. Next we want to Sample All Layers, so that our clean up work can be done on this new layer. By doing clean up work on a new layer, it just gives us more flexibility, so that we can always undo that if we need to later.
Next step, click and drag into that selection area. Drag over to the left and then let go. Photoshop will then do some of its magic. It will analyze the data and then it will seek to try to blend this together. In doing that, we can see it did a pretty good job. Let's go to Select and then choose Deselect. Here it helped me to extend this side of my canvas. It's looking a lot better. Except in the fireplace, I see this kind of duplicate area here, and I'm not liking that. No big deal, just make a selection.
In this case we'll use the Marquee tool and then once again what we can do is we can make a selection of an area, and we can cover something up. Rather than selecting this little problem area, with the Select tool I'll move that now over to the right. The reason why I first made it over that area was just to make sure that the selection was big enough. Next, grab the Content-Aware Move tool. Once again, just click and drag over. This will then allow us to extend that and to cover up that part of our photograph.
Okay, well, the left side of the frame is looking good. What about the right? Well, let's take care of the right side of the frame and finish this project off and let's do that in the next movie. So go ahead and leave this file open, as we'll continue to work with it in the next movie.
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