Join Steve Caplin for an in-depth discussion in this video Drawing the floor and wall, part of Creating Perspective with Photoshop.
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Let's start to make the view through this doorway. We'll need to add a floor on the wall to the view, to begin creating a convincing scene. Now, the back line of the wall needs to follow a vanishing line, so let's view our vanishing lines. Well, it needs to be behind this vanishing line that comes from the bottom of the bookcase. But perhaps not quite as far back, as the upper one that comes from the second shelf. So, let's find our vanishing point. And we can do that by going to the Path panel, and highlighting the path we drew. With the Shapes tool, we can now draw a new line. It goes from the vanishing point, and we can Move it up and down as we Drag it, to say well, I think about there, is a good position for our wall. So, on our Layers panel, lets make a new layer, and we'll call it Floor. We're creating the floor that will come in front of the wall. We can use the Lasso tool, and remember with the Lasso tool, if you hold Option on a Mac, Alt on a PC, you can draw straight lines between points where you click.
And so I'm following this vanishing line, and now I'm going to loop around the bottom like this. We no longer need to see our vanishing lines, or vanishing lines as drawn as paths. So we can open the Paths panel, shift-click on the selected path, to deselect it. Let's fill this floor with a mid-tone gray sampled, from our Swatches panel. As always, to fill a selection with a foreground color, we use Alt Delete on a PC, Option Delete on a Mac.
And there is our floor. Clearly, it's in front of the doorway. And we only want it visible, where it overlaps the view through it. So let's go to the Layer menu, and choose Create Clipping Mask. We could also use the shortcut Option Cmd+G on a Mac, Alt Ctrl+G on a PC. And now the floor is only visible where it overlaps that doorway, using that doorway as a Clipping Mask. Let's add a little noise to this. We can use Gaussian Noise, and we'll keep it monochromatic, and let's add a little blur to it. We'll choose Filter > Blur and Gaussian blur.
And a small amount of blur, perhaps a bit less less than that, will give us a rough feel for our carpet. We can tint it maybe using the color balance controls. But let's add a little red and a little blue to this to create a pinkish carpet. If that's too bright, which it probably is, well, we could use curves. Which, maybe, we should have used in the first place, instead of color balance, to make the whole thing rather darker.
I'm going to click Okay. So this is the beginning of the view seen through this doorway. Let's make a wall now, and rather than simply drawing a regular wall, I want to make a wall that we can see in perspective. So I'll make a new layer and call it wall, and we'll use the Rectangular Marquee tool to sketch out an area for this. I want a pale brownish-yellowish color here. So I'll choose that. Maybe add a little bit of red to it, a little black, and fill our area with that color.
Again Alt delete on a PC, Option delete on a Mac. And just to make things a little more complex, let's add some texture to this, and let's add a regular texture. So we can go to, for example, Patchwork, and this will give us a very regular array of straight lines. We can make the squares a bit bigger and maybe make the relief a little smaller. So we only get quite faint lines coming out on our wall. And we'll click Okay. Let's Deselect.
We can make the wall part of the same clipping group with the floor and the doorway, by choosing it from the menu or pressing the keyboard shortcut. And there it is. Let's move the wall behind the floor layer. And we can see that the wall is going straight across the document, but we want this texture to go in perspective, so let's show our vanity lines once more. When we go into free transform, we get our familiar free transform handles.
If we hold Cmd on the Mac, Ctrl on the PC, and drag the corner handle up, we can move just that handle. And we can adjust it so it follows the vanishing line drawn at the bottom of that wall. We can do the same thing with the top handle, holding Cmd or Ctrl and dragging it down. Now to keep it moving purely horizontally or vertically, we just hold the Shift key. And we can drag this down, so that the lines in the tiles match the vanishing lines on the wall. Let's Zoom in a little.
Now that we have it in the right perspective, we can see that all of these squares look too wide. They're more like rectangles. We can easily grab the center handle on the vertical and drag it. As we drag, you notice that it drags it in perspective, rather than moving straight across it follows the top and bottom lines that we've set. And round about there, seems to be a good position for our wall. We could make it narrower from both sides at the same time, and that looks good.
So let's say okay to that and let's hide our vanishing lines. And there are the wall, and the carpet in place. Now one thing we'll notice here, as we zoom in, is that the wall doesn't quite reach the top of the doorway. And that's because when we selected the door earlier, we didn't make the selection high enough. Easy to fix, we'll switch to our Doorway layer, which forms our Clipping Mask. Make a selection of the top ,and hold down the Alt key as we nudge it upwards.
- Why is perspective important?
- Finding the vanishing point
- Using existing perspective to draw additional elements
- Correcting perspective
- Using the Vanishing Point filter
- Perspective cropping