Join Julieanne Kost for an in-depth discussion in this video Cropping to the perfect size, part of Photoshop CC 2018 Essential Training: The Basics.
- [Instructor] One of the assumptions that's made when we use the Image Size dialog box to resize our images is that the finals have already been cropped to the correct aspect ratio. But sometimes this isn't always true. So, for example, if I go to the Image Menu right now and choose Image Size, I'm going to change the units of measurement to inches and then I'll change the Width to six inches. And we can see that this file is basically a six by four inch image at 300 pixels per inch. So it's at a two by three aspect ratio.
Well if I want to crop this to a four by five aspect ratio, and I type in five, well my height won't ever be four inches because that's the wrong aspect ratio. So I'm going to back out of the Image Size dialog box and instead I'm going to switch to the Crop Tool. Now to make sure that our crop tools are all set up the same I'm going to right-click on the crop marquee here and I'm going to reset this tool. Now in order to crop to a four by five aspect ratio, and have this be four by five inches at 300 pixels per inch, I need to do more than just set the ratio.
So I'll choose Width Height and Resolution. I'll type in five, tap the Tab-key, and type in four, tap the Tab-key again, and then type in 300 for my pixels per inch. When I click on the check mark and we return back to Image, to Image Size, you can see that I now have a document that's exactly four by five inches at 300 pixels per inch. So the benefit of using the Crop Tool over Image Size was that we were able to crop to the correct aspect ratio and resize in one step.
Now let's try a little bit different of an example, let's say I want to crop this image for the screen, and I want to make it into a banner. So in the Crop Tools options I'm going to click on Clear, and I need to type in some specific pixel counts here. So let's say this banner's going to be 725 pixels, so I'm going to type in px for pixels, then tap the Tab-key. And I want it about 88 pixels high, so I'll type in 88, and then again px.
Now I can reposition the image here in the crop area and I just want to grab a few of these clouds up here at the top. When I get it positioned the way I want it I can tap the Enter-key or the Return-key, or I can click on the check mark in order to not only crop that, but resize it down to the 725 by 88 pixels, for my banner. Now if this is something that you do all the time you might want to save this as a preset. So we can use the drop-down menu and choose New Crop Preset.
Photoshop will automatically name it for us but we could add onto that if we wanted to, and then click OK. So now if we come in and we crop another image to a different aspect ratio or with different settings it's very easy for me to come back and select that preset that we just saved. Alright, I'm going to tap the Escape-key in order to cancel that crop marquee. And then I'll use the File Menu and choose Revert. I just want to show one other way that I see a lot of designers crop images, and that's using the Marquee Tool.
So I'll tap the M-key, or we can select the Marquee Tool from the Toolbar, and I'm going to change the Style from Normal to either Fixed Ratio or Fixed Size. If I know that I want a specific size then I can just enter in those values. So let's say I want it to be 256 by 100 pixels, then I just click anywhere in my image area and Photoshop will display the marquee based on the total pixel count of the file and what I've entered in the options.
If I want to reposition this and select a different area I just position my cursor inside of the marching ants and then click and drag in order to reposition that. In order to crop this I would then use the Image Menu and choose Crop and that would be my resulting file. Alright, let's go ahead and set the Style from Fixed Size back to Normal. And there you go, several methods to quickly crop to the perfect size in Photoshop.
Julieanne reviews the basics of digital imaging—from working with multiple images to customizing the Photoshop interface to suit your needs. She shows how to use different Photoshop tools to crop and retouch photos, while always maintaining the highest-quality output. She also demonstrates the most efficient ways to perform common tasks, including working with layers, making selections, and masking. Along the way, she shares the secrets of nondestructive editing using Smart Objects, and helps you master features such as adjustment layers, blend modes, filters, and much more—increasing your productivity every step of the way.
- Opening documents in Photoshop
- Opening files from Bridge and Lightroom
- Working with multiple documents
- Panning and zooming documents
- Customizing the Photoshop interface
- Modifying keyboard shortcuts for speed
- Understanding file formats
- Choosing color modes, bit depth, and color space
- Cropping and transforming images
- Working with layers and layer masks
- Making selections
- Removing distracting elements
- Getting to know the blend modes
- Working with adjustment layers
- Applying non-destructive filters
- Getting to know the blend modes
- Applying filters