Join Steve Caplin for an in-depth discussion in this video Creating the basic texture, part of Photoshop Artist in Action: Steve Caplin's Day for Night.
Our image so far works well as a nighttime scene but it's all rather to crisp and dry. We can liven it up by adding some rain easily on a New Layer. So let's go to the top of the layer stack and add a New Layer. I'll call this Rain. I'm going to begin by filling this with a mid-tone gray. We can go to our Swatches panel and choose a gray out of here, to be more accurate we could go to the Color panel, lower the Cyan, magenta and yellow values to zero. And set the black value to 50, and we know that will add an exact 50% mid-gray. To fill our new layer with this color, we use Option delete on a Mac, Alt delete on a PC.
And let's zoom in on this to actual size. We'll need two filters, to make our rain. We'll start with a bit of Gaussian Noise. We can go to Filter > noise > Add Noise. Here we can Choose Gaussian, and that produces a neater pattern. We don't want all this color in it, so we'll set the noise mode to monochromatic. And now we just get gray noise. For the amount, while we want quite strong rain, so let's drag the slider round about 25% gives us a good strong rain effect. And we'll say, OK.
Now to give the rain some sense of it falling, we need to apply a second filter and we'll use Motion blur for that filter, blur and Motion blur. This is going straight down. Let's have it driving in from the right and that's a good angle for our rain. The distance is much too great, however. So we can lower this, and as we drag it down, we get a more of a sleeting effect.
And that's the effect I'm after. So a distance of around about 14 pixels gives us the effect of rain coming in from the right. And let's say OK to that. So that we can see through this, we need to change the mode of this layer. Now because we created this on a gray base, if we change the mode of our layer from normal to hard light, all that gray will disappear and we're left just with the highlights and the shadows, and there's the rain coming in. Let's zoom out.
Well the whole rain effect is really too small. We need to take a section of this and enlarge it. So, let's use the Marquee tool to select, about, slightly less than a quarter of our image. And we can use Free Transform, to scale this. When we look to the corner, see, it goes right up there.
And now, we can drag it down to the bottom right corner of our image so it fills the whole scene and click OK. And let's deselect. If we change the mode of this from Hard Light back to normal, we can see exactly how the layer looks. We've now got much bigger raindrops because we took that small section and enlarged it. Let's put it back to Hard Light again. Well the rain effect isn't bad but it all looks rather to even we need to add more randomness to it and we can do this by adding a Layer Mask to our rain. We can go to Layer, Layer Mask, and reveal all till there is an empty Layer Mask.
Now we could paint on this to hide the rain and we don't want it, but to get more of a random effect, we can apply a filter to it, and we can use the clouds filter to produce our random effect. That's Filter > Render > Clouds. We've applied this clouds filter to the Layer Mask and not to the layer itself. And what that has done is to hide the rain in a random way, and we get a much more patchy rain effect that looks rather more convincing.
We can also paint on this mask using the Brush tool. Let's go for a large, soft-edged brush. By painting in black, we can hide the effect around the lamp, and let's take it down a little bit right in the foreground here, and a little over the figure. Finally, let's make the rain brighter. We'll go back to our main layer and use the Curves adjustment, to brighten up this entire layer. A little brighter and that's the rain effect that we want, and that looks fairly convincing.
The rain effect works well and it was easy to make using just three filters. Because we created it on a Hard Light layer, we were able to hide the grey base and allow just the highlights and the shadows to show through.
- Removing and replacing the sky
- Turning the scene into night
- Painting in a lamp
- Adding shadows
- Making it rain
- Creating a building's reflection
- Adding puddles and streams