Join Neil Rhodes for an in-depth discussion in this video Clean up the background and add wallpaper, part of Photo Restoration: Fixing Stained Color and Damage.
- We're going to move on now and tackle the wall at the background there and clean all that damage off by putting in some new wallpaper. Over to the last palette and make sure our backgrounds selected. Put a new layer above the background. And we're going to start by zooming in and selecting with our dropper a sample color from the background. And then fill on top and then add some grain to match the existing background. Let's go to filter, noise, add noise, we're just going to add some Gaussian grain there just for the moment.
Then we're going to create a new file. So let's go to file, new, and in the boxes here we're going to put 160 and 160 and 72 on the DPI and leave everything else as is and create. We'll to make sure, in the last palette, this is transparent layer, so put a layer above the background and then remove the background.
Zoom in. And let's create a pattern in there. You can do this with the custom shape tool. And from the dropdown, I've selected a flower, you can select whatever you like but I think a flower's going to work for us in this occasion. So put you're flower into the frame there. And I think that's fine. Let's say okay. And add a style to the layer. I'm going to double click the layer there and I want bevel and emboss.
And in the settings, if you select the bevel and emboss layer, you can see that we've got depth of 199, size of 2, softness of 0, and smoothing it on the inner bevel. There are many other options there but we want the inner bevel. Everything else you should be able to leave as is. I'm going to say texture. I'm going to add a bit of texture, just a little. We've got a variety of textures you can select and I'm going to add fairly minimum texture.
There we go, let's go to with that one. Say okay. Now I'm going to offset this using filter, other, offset. I'm going to restorize our shape. And because we've got an image of 160 by 160, if you put in half those dimensions, it splits the pattern equally into quarters. So let's say okay. If your shape doesn't split into four like this, restorize the layer first by right clicking the shape layer and selecting restorize layer from the dropdown.
You can then move on to offsetting the pattern. And then I'm going to grab a brush here. And with the same tone that we chose for the flower, I'm going to add just a little bit of extra detail. And that's going to be a line, here and about here. And I'm going to add a dot in the middle there. I'm going to see how that looks as a pattern in just a moment. So make sure we've got all of it selected there.
And then from that we're going to define a pattern, let's go to edit, define pattern, call it flower and say okay. And then back to our image and let's fill this with our pattern. So if you right click and go to blending options. And then pattern overlay and then select our flower that we just made which will be the end one on the textures, say okay.
And now we've got a pattern here. And if we zoom out, you can see that repeat, tiled flower pattern. Going to restorize this layer. The reason why I've done that is I want to adjust and rotate and make our pattern perfect, line up with the top line here. At the moment the pattern is just straight across.
To do that, I'm going to zoom out some more, I'm going to edit, free transform, I just going to make it slightly bigger than the canvas. So I've got the option to rotate it, apply, and then I'm going to make it ever so slightly transparent. Zoom in on the top area, edit, free transform, and then we're going to rotate that so that the line of the flowers matches the line with the top of the walls.
So the wallpaper's running in the right place. And then say okay. Apply so that back to, all the way there. And let's zoom out. And then mark the layer, layer, layer mask apply it all. And then we can paint the mask by brush and reveal our wallpaper. I'm going just change the hardness of the brush to somewhere up the mid-range.
And then paint it back in. If you like you could make a selection along the edge of the fireplace. I'm just going to paint round, I find this method not only therapeutic but good practice for painting brushstrokes. It's also good practice for matching the brush sizes and edge softness as you go. See that's matching quite nicely along there, just draw it in.
We're going to blur and merge this into the grain and the structure and the edge softness. You see this is quite a defined pattern. It's quite sharp at the moment and once we've masked out, we can move on to examining the softness. We can use the brick lines here and make sure we match the wallpaper to that sort of softness edge. We're nearly done. Just find our way around the edges here.
Should be quite good at drawing by now if you've done all these courses you'll be a dap-hand at drawing around things. Okay. Here we go, nearly done. By using the brush and drawing around, I can vary the edge of the brush softness. If I get up to a section that's particularly soft, let's say there was some hair or soft material or slightly out of focus section, I could quite happily use that.
Now see cause I've been talking there, I haven't noticed that I've gone right over the carpet. And that's the beauty of masks of course. We can go back to where we were. There's the edge of the wall there, zoom in. Switch my brush back. Here we go. And of course there's a bit of wallpaper in here as well. Behind the knee. So let's paint that in.
And when we're done we can check our mask just to check if I've missed any areas. And almost done. Okay let's call that a day for there. Zoom out and look it, it looks neat. It's done, it's not going match very well but we can sort that out. First of all let's check the mask by control and clicking in the mask, we can see that we've got some areas there, control Z.
If you press the Alt or Option key, click in the mask. You can then see how well or how badly you painted out your mask. And as you can see there's quite a few areas here that need touching up. Let's just go back through those. Sometimes it doesn't matter. If you want to blend the texture from one to the other, if you've got a particularly noisy image and you're just trying to soften down the background or the texture underneath with the new one you're putting on top. You can be a little bit lazy with the mask but let's just be tidy as we can here.
It's quite amazing actually how you think you've done something well and then when you press that Alt or Option key, click on the mask, you can just see how bad that is. It doesn't say, doesn't need to be a 100% perfect cause we've got a matching tone in the back with the layer on the top and it's going to be fairly unnoticeable and we're going to blur, merge and add noise to it to blend it all in so, that's probably enough so Alt or Option key and click on the mask to get back to our image.
And there we go. Now we need to ensure that that looks convincing. This distance it's okay but when we zoom in it looks a little oversharp. So let's click on our layer with the wallpaper on and we're going to just blur that a bit. Filter, blur and Gaussian blur, and I'm going to add one on there and then I'm going to add some noise filter, noise, add noise and let's add two on there and say okay and then filter and blur again, Gaussian blur, let's go to zero point five.
And say okay. Let's just step back out and have a little look. Okay, it still looks very flat. Now let's not a problem. Let's make sure the layer selected. And we grab out burn tool. Highlights and go down to 3% there and we do know that if we hide this layer we can see down here it's slightly darker towards the ground and we can make that just so by dabbing the brush a few times on our wallpaper layer.
We get a slightly darker corner. I'm going to make the rest of it smaller and darken it down just a little bit more and then the corners of the photo might also be a little bit darker. Just got to move the brush over there, over that corner. Maybe along the top edge of the fireplace here. And maybe down that edge too. Now it's very subtle but what it's done is bring that layer towards the back where it should be. Also just around the edge of the chair, and the edge of the arm I think I might darken that as well.
Just a smidgen. Oops, now that's not darkening, is it? Let's see what's happened there. What I've done is I've not selected the right layer or the right tool even. Just undo that. Burn and there we go. Just darken that bit there. Okay, so we've now added the wallpaper in and that's looking particularly good. And in the next chapter we'll move onto coloring which will bring the whole image together, even out the tones and color everything that needs re-coloring to bring it in and we're very nearly there.
- Planning the restoration
- Manual color adjustments
- Building density on the faded areas
- Fixing most of the damage
- Selecting color and preparing layers
- Final clean up