Join Natalie Fobes for an in-depth discussion in this video Techniques for panning, part of The Elements of Effective Photographs.
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There are times that you want to stop action and yet still convey motion,…so the answer for you is to pan.…A pan is simply to follow the action with your camera at a slow shutter speed.…There are lots of ways to mess up a pan, and believe me, I haven't done them all.…But with a few tips it will help bring up your percentage of success, with this technique.…So the first thing that we are going to do is look for a background that has a…nice texture to it or gradations of black and white or great color.…
That will really add interest to your background.…The next thing is to figure out how fast the subject is actually going and…adjust your shutter speed accordingly.…I like to use between the 1/15th and 1/60th of a second for my shutter speeds…when I'm doing a pan.…And then the next thing to do is to figure out your focus situation.…Now I've found that using a servo, the automatic focus in servo mode, is really…all I need to do, and that is always recalculating the focus as we go along.…
And then the final tip, and probably the most important tip that I can give…
The course explores compositional elements that guide a viewer's eye, including the rule of thirds; leading lines, patterns, and curves; and depth of field. Natalie then details the roles of color and light in a photo. She shows how to work with the natural light in a room or outdoor location, and how to enhance it using reflectors, newspapers, a T-shirt, or whatever might be handy. She also shows some simple indoor lighting setups that can replicate the look of natural light.
The course continues with a look at movement and how a photographer can convey a sense of motion by blurring part of the image or freezing a fast-moving subject. Next, Natalie explores the concepts of peak action and the decisive moment—those split seconds that capture the essence or emotion of a subject or scene. The course wraps up with a discussion of the roles of planning and research in creating effective photos.