Join Ben Long for an in-depth discussion in this video Using the viewfinder display, part of Nikon D7000 Essential Training.
As we have discussed one of the great advantages of an SLR is that you actually look through the same lens that exposes the sensor. This gives you a very accurate viewfinder that allows you to have a very bright clear view of your scene. Now your viewfinder also provides you with a tremendous amount of status information, as we'll see in just a minute. The viewfinder eyepiece cover is removable. You just squeeze the size and pull it off like this. This allows you for easier cleaning of the viewfinder eyepiece and it allows you to swap in other covers.
You can get an eyepiece cover that comes out farther to give you a more shaded viewfinder. You can also get a right angle eyepiece. To put it back on, you just slide it back into place. On top of the viewfinder is the diopter control. If you were glasses, you might be able to adjust the diopter to compensate for your prescription, which will let you shoot without your glasses on, and I say might, because if you're eyes are too bad, you won't be able to adjust the diopter far enough to get the viewfinder back to full sharpness. Note that it is possible to bump the diopter control, so if you ever think, well, my camera really isn't autofocusing very well, check the diopter and make sure that it's set to No Correction.
When you look through the viewfinder, you'll see a number of focusing spots superimposed over your image. These spots light up when you autofocus to indicate where the autofocus mechanism is chosen to focus. Below the viewfinder are lots of status readouts. These let you know certain things about the camera's state such as battery strength, but more importantly they let you keep track of your current exposure settings. So from left to right here, you will find the focus indicator. When you half-press the button of focus, this circle will light up when the camera successfully meters and locks focus.
At that point you can press the button the rest of the way to shoot. Next, there's the Auto Exposure lock light or AE Lock light that lets you know when you have locked the exposure using the Exposure Lock button. Below that is the FV Lock indicator and just to the right of that is the Flash Sync Indicator. Next comes the Shutter Speed Readout. Now normally this will only show a single number which represents the denominator of the shutter speed. So if you're shooting at 1 1/25th of a second, you will see 125 here.
A 4 will indicate 1/4 of a second. Once you drop below a 1/4 of a second, the display will change to a second's display. So if you see this, then you are shooting at 1.6 seconds. If you see this, you're shooting a 15 second exposure. To the right of the Shutter Speed Readout is the Aperture Display. This is simply the current F number. Next is the Exposure Indicator which serves a few functions. In most modes, it shows the amount of exposure compensation that you have dialed in. Each of the numbers represents one full stop and by default the lines between each number are a third of a stop.
Positive exposure compensation is to the left, negative is to the right, though you can swap this if you like, as we'll see later. Note that you can actually dial in more than the two stops of exposure compensation that the display shows. When you do, the competition indicator will scroll off the scale and a little arrow will appear to indicate that your compensation has gone beyond two stops. As you change exposure compensation, the shutter speed and aperture displays will update to show the new exposure values that your exposure compensation has defined. When you're shooting in manual mode that same exposure level readout works more like a light meter, when the indicator is at 0 then the camera is telling you that you have a good exposure.
If the indicator goes above or below 0, then the camera is indicating that you have over or under exposure. Now you are still free to use any settings you want of course, the readout is just there to let you know that the camera thinks the metering is off. Next comes the Low Battery Indicator. Below that's the Flash Exposure Compensation Indicator which lights up if you dial in any amount Of Flash Exposure Compensation. To the right of that is the Exposure and Flash Bracketing Indicator and below that is the Exposure Compensation Indicator. These three digits here can be set to display a number of things.
By default they show you approximately how many shots can fit in the remaining space on your card. If the number goes over a thousand then this K will light up, and the number will show a fractional amount. So for example, if you see (1.2)k then you have got space on your card for approximately 1200 pictures. When you half-press the Shutter button, you'll see an r here and a two digit number, this indicates how many shots will fit in the camera's buffer. As you shoot quickly, that number will go down indicating that the buffer is filling up, if it gets to 0 the camera will stop shooting until it has time to empty out the buffer at which point the number will slowly go up as the buffer empties.
The buffer can hold more JPEGs than RAWs, so the maximum number will vary depending on which format you're using. This display can also be set to show ISO, in which case the ISO lights up. This Auto Light shows up when ISO is set to AUTO. Finally this lights up when the Flash is ready to fire, the camera's built-in Flash begins charging as soon as it pops up. Above the Main Status Display there are three additional lights that can appear. The No Memory Card Indicator will light up if you have forgotten to put a card in the camera. The B/W light will show if you have chosen a black-and-white picture style.
Now don't worry about remembering all of this stuff. Exposure Settings are the critical readouts that you need to understand, the other Status Options will become obvious as you activate those specific features.
- What is an SLR?
- Attaching a lens to a camera
- Deciding how many batteries and media cards are needed
- Setting Auto mode
- Changing ISO
- Changing image format and size
- Manually selecting a focus point
- Correcting exposure while shooting
- Controlling white balance
- Using a driver and self-timer
- Auto exposure bracketing
- Selecting a picture style
- Using Live View
- Shooting video
- Using custom functions, such as ISO expansion and mirror lockup
- Cleaning the camera and sensor
Skill Level Beginner
1. Getting to Know Your Nikon SLR
2. Shooting in Auto Mode
3. Shooting in Program Mode
4. Controlling Autofocus
5. Controlling White Balance
Using white balance presets2m 11s
6. Understanding Release Modes
7. Using the Exposure Control Options
8. More Playback Options
9. Shooting with Scene Modes
10. Shooting with Flash
11. Shooting with Picture Styles
12. Using Live View
13. Shooting Video
14. Customizing Menus and Modes
15. Using Custom Settings
16. Retouching Images
17. Caring for Your Camera
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