Join Rick Schmunk for an in-depth discussion in this video Performance instructions, part of Learning Music Notation.
- [Instructor] Dynamic text expressions are only…one type of text expression used by composers…orchestrators and arrangers.…Other types include technique or expression instructions,…both of which have guidelines for placement and text style.…So one type of these expressions is…technique text expressions.…Now these markings go above the staff…and above the notes that they modify.…To differentiate them from tempo markings,…they're not bolded or italicized,…and they're in lower case only in most cases.…
Let's take a look at some examples.…So, these have a lot to do with the idiomatic things…that different instruments are capable of doing,…or the way you play different instruments.…For example, with string instruments…you can either bow the notes,…or you can pluck them,…and those are indicated by Arco and Pizzicato.…A couple of other esoteric ways of articulating notes…would be to bow over or near the bridge,…that's referred to as Sul ponticello.…Or, you can actually turn the bow on its side…and play with the wood part of the bow,…
It starts with notating pitch (clefs) and duration, including note lengths and rests. He moves into discussing flats, sharps, naturals, and key signatures, and the unique symbols for musical expression, including dynamics and articulations. He goes over notating chords and chord progressions, and the addition of vocals and lyrics. The course wraps with some score formatting tips and notation examples for piano, guitar, and drums, which pull together all the information into complete, publication-worthy pieces of sheet music.
- Notating pitch with clefs
- Notating duration
- Adding time signature and bars
- Using dots and ties
- Modifying pitch
- Notating scales
- Communicating expressions such as tempo and performance
- Notating chord progressions
- Notating vocals and lyrics
- Formatting a score
Skill Level Beginner
1. Notating Pitch
2. Notating Duration and Rhythm
3. Modifying Pitch and Scales
4. Communicating Expression
5. Notating Form
6. Notating Chords and Chord Progressions
7. Slash and Rhythmic Notation
8. Vocal Music and Lyrics
9. Score and Part Formatting
10. Notation Examples
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