Join Gayle Kowalchyk for an in-depth discussion in this video Measuring half steps and whole steps, part of Piano Lessons: Teach Yourself to Play.
- [Instructor] A half step is the distance from any key to the very next key above or below. It can be a black key or a white key. A whole step is equal to two half steps. Skip one key, either a black key, or a white key. A tetrachord is a series of four notes, having a pattern of whole step, whole step, half step. The notes of a tetrachord must be in alphabetical order, and must also have the whole step, whole step, half step pattern.
Let's take a look at some half steps and whole steps on the keyboard. If you start on C, and go up a half step, you'll play the black key C-sharp. Now let's look at D, and go down a half step. You're playing D-flat. Notice that this black key can have two names, C-sharp or D-flat, and that's true for any black key on the keyboard. Now, a whole step is two half steps put together.
So if we want to play C and go up a whole step, we'll skip C-sharp, that's a half step, and we'll go to D. A whole step up from D, is E. Now, what happens if you start on a black key, and you want to go up a whole step? Let's start on F-sharp. We can also call this G-flat. If we go up a whole step from there, we'll skip the white key, that'll be our half step, and we'll go to G-sharp, we can also call it A-flat, and from there, if we go up another whole step, we're on A-sharp or B-flat.
Now a tetrachord is a series of four notes. And it's a pattern that uses the half and whole steps that we've just learned. A tetrachord starting on C, from there you would go up a whole step to D, another whole step to E, and then a half step to F.
- Practicing proper hand technique
- Practicing proper seating position
- Practicing the right-hand C and left-hand C positions
- Melodic intervals
- Harmonic intervals
- B for the left and right hand
- A for the left hand
- Using the damper pedal
- Moving up and down the keyboard in 6ths
- Measuring half steps and whole steps
- Progressions and triplets
Skill Level Beginner
1. The Basics
2. Melodic Intervals
3. Introducing Harmony
4. New Rhythms and Intervals
5. Music Theory
6. Progressions and Triplets
Closing and credits1m 44s
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