Join Rick Schmunk for an in-depth discussion in this video Dynamics, part of Learning Music Notation.
- [Narrator] Communicating expression is critical…to the success of a musical arrangement,…especially where musicians are sight-reading…or there is very little time for rehearsal.…Expression is conveyed through a variety of symbols…and text markings.…Let's start by taking a look at dynamics,…symbols that communicate relative loudness.…So a little bit of background.…The use of dynamic markings started in the mid-1500s.…But it wasn't 'til the late 18th and 19th centuries…where they were common.…And then in the 20th century,…composers became hyper-concerned…about communicating extremely specific levels…of musical expression.…
And the use of dynamics…was definitely an important part of that development.…So in general,…the markings that we use for dynamics are Italian terms.…So if you look in this middle column here,…you can see forte and piano.…Those are very common terms, even in everyday language,…for loud and soft.…And in fact, the piano, when it was invented,…was the first keyboard…that could play varying degrees of loudness.…
It starts with notating pitch (clefs) and duration, including note lengths and rests. He moves into discussing flats, sharps, naturals, and key signatures, and the unique symbols for musical expression, including dynamics and articulations. He goes over notating chords and chord progressions, and the addition of vocals and lyrics. The course wraps with some score formatting tips and notation examples for piano, guitar, and drums, which pull together all the information into complete, publication-worthy pieces of sheet music.
- Notating pitch with clefs
- Notating duration
- Adding time signature and bars
- Using dots and ties
- Modifying pitch
- Notating scales
- Communicating expressions such as tempo and performance
- Notating chord progressions
- Notating vocals and lyrics
- Formatting a score
Skill Level Beginner
1. Notating Pitch
2. Notating Duration and Rhythm
3. Modifying Pitch and Scales
4. Communicating Expression
5. Notating Form
6. Notating Chords and Chord Progressions
7. Slash and Rhythmic Notation
8. Vocal Music and Lyrics
9. Score and Part Formatting
10. Notation Examples
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