Join Nick Kloski for an in-depth discussion in this video Using CAD models in Meshmixer, part of Meshmixer Essential Training.
- [Instructor] Okay, so here is one gotcha when you want to go from parametric CAD modeling into Meshmixer. I modeled something here in Fusion 360, the parametric program, just kind of like a little pedestal, or maybe a little awards statue, and I might want to put something organic on the top. So I want to bring this into Meshmixer and start working with it. So this is great. I go into Bodies here and export as STL.
And I'm going to send it directly into Meshmixer, so I click OK. So after a second, Meshmixer comes up, and we get the object right here. So good enough. We start going into the sculpt tool, maybe with a draw brush, pick a nice big, and start working and the entire model just starts to blow up the moment we touch it. It didn't blow up as much here, but I'll tell you why. So I'm going to undo this.
So this model, if I hit the W key for Wireframe, you can see that, that may be a little bit dark, so I'll go in. When your model goes dark like this, sometimes you have your object not selected. So you go up to Show Objects Browser and make sure that your object is selected. So you can see up here that we do have a lot of triangles, and down here we have no triangles. And because Meshmixer wants to work with a lot of triangles, when you hit it with a tool like the sculpt tool, I'll turn Flow off, even at a low strength, it only has two triangles to work with, so it starts to do weird things it changed the entire three faces of the bottom.
Because it only had two triangles and because I have refinement turned on, it starts to add them, but adding more triangles when you only have two to start with, ends up making huge changes to your mesh. If we were to try to do this up here, the triangles are a little bit more dense, but even up here you start to get weirdness happening, because if I undo this, these triangles go all the way from this side, all the way down here.
Even though they are skinny like this, they encompass the entire face. So trying to make a change to one triangle, ends up changing your entire face like this. And you see this a lot in models that you download from online websites that are created in parametric CAD software. So there's a very, very simple trick to get around this. You need more density inside of this. I'm going to click on Select and hit Ctrl + A to select everything, or Command + A on a Mac.
Everything is selected. We'll go up here to Edit, to Remesh, and you want to choose Linear Subdivision. And what Linear Subdivision will do is it divides the triangles that already there into smaller triangles. So it doesn't change the shape at all, it just adds more density inside. So you're still going to end up with triangles, but your shape isn't changed. If you did something like relative density or adaptive density, even if it's very, very turned up, you end up with kind of weirdness here.
So what we're going to do is go to Linear Subdivision and turn it up as high as it will go. And what this will do is, remember these triangles went from this side to this side? Now you see that you have a band here, a band here, a band here. You have a lot more triangles to work with that don't go from face-to-face. So I'm going to click Accept, and Clear Selection. So now we have all of these triangles here. You still have some discrepancies.
You have this being very, very dense here, and not here, but if we click on the sculpt tool, we have a little bit more of a chance for the sculpt tool to have a known effect. You know, obviously this is maybe smoothing out these hard edges a little bit more than you might want, but it's not destroying the entire mesh like it did before. Now I'm going to undo that and actually I'm going to undo all the way back to where it was to start off with.
So one other trick you can do, if this is something that you want to keep, and this is something you want to keep, but you want to make the subdivision only happen on certain surfaces, there's a couple ways to do it. If these are very easy like this, you can always go into the Select tool, make your brush small, and then just click and drag to select only these meshes, and the two bottom ones. And then run the Remesh tool with Linear Subdivision.
So it ran a lot faster and we're not touching the top of the mesh, at all. But if your entire object you want to Remesh is a more kind of known fashion, you can also go up here to Edit, to generate Face Groups. So what this will do is it will split, based on angle threshold. If we turn it down, everything, because it's on Face Group, but we don't want that. We want to turn this up so that all of these contiguous areas are all their own face group.
And I'm going to turn this down until we get a little bit better result right here. And now we have these as all face groups. So I can go into Select and then just double-click on this, and it will select that entire face group. Or if I go into Select and double-click on this green, it will select just that face group. So that Edit, Generate Face Groups command can be very good to segregate your mesh, and now I can go in and just work on individual areas to subdivide them, if I want.
So that's what happens sometimes when you bring in parametric CAD models into Meshmixer. You need to actually add the complexity before you ...
This course was recorded and produced by HoneyPoint3D. We're pleased to host this training in our library.
- Evaluating and fixing online models
- Working with multiple objects in Meshmixer
- Using the measurement tools to analyze objects
- Using CAD models in Meshmixer
- Evaluating model orientation
- Generating and editing supports
- Creating multiple supports types
- Creating and fixing 3D scans
- Importing your photo as a stencil into Meshmixer