Join George Maestri for an in-depth discussion in this video Reorienting geometry using Spin Edge, part of Maya 2015 Essential Training.
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As you model in polygons, you want to try and keep your geometry fairly regular, and this typically means creating what are called quads, in other words, four-sided polygons rather than three-sided or multiple-sided polygons. So let's take a look at this hand. Now typically, most of the detail in this hand is what we call a quad. So if I select a face, you can see I have four sided faces here, here, and here. Now in the model, we also have a few areas where we have triangles.
Now typically when you go to smooth your geometry or deform the geometry, sometimes triangles can be problematic. So you want to generally try and avoid them, but sometimes the topology of a model just prevents this, and if that's the case, you can reorganize your model. So, let's take a look at this particular model and see what a problem that triangles can create. So as we did before, we can do insert edge loops. So, let's go ahead and just go into Edge Mode here, and do Mesh Tools > Insert Edge Loop.
And let's go ahead and do what we did before, which is add in an edge loop along the fingers here. Now, we could do it along the ring finger or the pinkie, but I saved this middle finger for last, because we're going to have a problem with it. When I try and insert that edge loop, notice how it doesn't go all the way down the forearm. It kind of stops in the middle. It stops right here rather than continuing all the way down. And the reason for that is actually underneath the hand, in the palm. So if we flip the hand over and rotate, you can see that as I try and add in this detail, we have a triangle right here that's preventing this edge loop from going all the way down the arm.
So in order for me to add the detail I want, I need to reorganize this triangle, basically. And I can do that in several different ways. I can actually rebuild this by leaving out the polygons and redrawing it. Or probably the easiest way is just to select the edge and then under Edit Mesh we have two options here, Spin Edge Backward and Forward. And notice how the hotkeys are Ctrl+Alt plus left and right. I'm going to hold down Ctrl+Alt, and start spinning this.
So I'm going to go ahead with my left arrow here. And you can see that this is the orientation that I want. I want to make sure that I have a quad all the way down the arm. Now I can certainly spin this around however I want. But this is really the orientation that I'm looking for. Now once I have this, then this completely changes the way that I insert my edge loops. So if I go back into mesh tools, insert edge loop, you can see that now it goes completely down the arm.
That's because I eliminated that triangle that was blocking the way. So when you model, try and keep your geometry to quads, in other words, four sided polygons. It will be much easier to add and modify edge loops. If you do have to use triangles, place the geometry strategically. So that it doesn't interfere with your main edge loops.
- Getting familiar with the Maya interface
- Creating hierarchies and layers
- Creating polygonal objects
- Working with subdivision surfaces
- Extruding a mesh
- Smoothing geometry
- Lofting and extruding with the NURBS curves tools
- Converting NURBS to polygons
- Creating and applying texture maps
- Applying UV mapping
- Adding lights and cameras to a scene
- Creating realistic effects such as depth of field
- Batch rendering
- Animating in Maya
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1. Getting Started in Maya 2015
2. Organizing Maya Scenes
3. Creating Polygonal Models
4. Editing Meshes
5. Refining Meshes
6. NURBS Modeling Techniques
7. Refining NURBS Models
8. Creating Materials
9. Applying Textures
10. Rendering in Maya
11. Animating in Maya
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