Join Kevin Skoglund for an in-depth discussion in this video Using the command history, part of Unix for Mac OS X Users.
In this movie, we are going to learn how to utilize the Unix command history.…Early on in this training, we learned how to use the up arrow to go back and…review commands that we had issued previously.…We can then either reissue those commands or make edits to them.…But what you may not have thought about is how does Unix remember those commands?…Because even if we close the Terminal window, even if we shut down our Mac and…reboot it, Unix still remembers what our previous commands are.…So it must be keeping track of them somewhere, and it is.…It does it inside a file and that file is inside our user directory, ls -la.…
You can see it here.…It's a dot file, bash_history.…And this is where the bash shell stores its history of commands.…We will take a look at the contents of that file.…You will see that it lists our previous commands.…It's just one line per command.…Now yours is probably a lot longer than mine.…I actually went in and edited mine to make it a lot shorter.…I want you to notice something.…
- Moving around the file system
- Creating and reading files
- Copying, moving, renaming, and deleting files and directories
- Creating hard links and symbolic links
- Understanding user identity, file ownership, and sudo
- Setting file permissions with alpha and octal notation
- Changing the PATH variable
- Using the command history
- Directing input and output
- Configuring the Unix working environment
- Searching and replacing using grep and regular expressions
- Manipulating text with tr, sed, and cut
- Integrating with the Finder, Spotlight, and AppleScript
Skill Level Beginner
Q: The exercise files for the following movies appear to be broken:
Is there something wrong with them?
These exercises include one or more "dot files", whose file names start with a period. These files are normally hidden from view by the Finder. So that they would show up in the Finder, the period has been removed from the file names. Additionally, "_example" has been added at the end of the file name to make it clear that the file will not work as-is.
To make the dot files usable, either:
1) Open the file in a text editor to view its contents. Note that it may not be possible to double-click the file to open it because there is no file extension (such as .txt).
2) Resave the file under a new name (usually by choosing File > Save As), adding a "." to the beginning of the file name and removing "_example" from the end.
1) Copy and rename the file from the Unix command line using the techniques discussed in this course. Rename the file by adding a "." to the start and removing "_example" from the end. Include the "-i" option to prevent overwriting an existing file unexpectedly.
Example: cp -i ~/Desktop/Exercise\ Files/Chapter_07/07_02_files/bashrc_example ~/.bashrc
1. Introduction to Unix
2. Filesystem Basics
3. Working with Files and Directories
4. Ownership and Permissions
5. Commands and Programs
6. Directing Input and Output
7. Configuring Your Working Environment
8. Unix Power Tools
9. Useful Mac-Only Commands and Techniques
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