Join Kevin Skoglund for an in-depth discussion in this video Using AppleScript, part of Unix for Mac OS X Users.
In this movie I'll show you how to use the Unix command line to communicate…with the AppleScript.…I'm not going to try to teach you to write AppleScript. I'm certainly no expert…on it myself, but I will demonstrate a few useful basics.…But if you already know how to write scripts on your own, well, then you'll be…able to quickly link the power of AppleScript with the power of Unix and do…some really cool things.…Now the way we're going to call AppleScripts is by using the Mac only…Unix command osascript.…OSA stands for Open Scripting Architecture.…And after that, we can either provide the file name of the script that we want to…run, or rather the path to that file, or we can use the -e option and actually…give our instructions right here in the string.…
So I can say set volume output muted true.…And that will mute our computer. Or I can say output muted false.…These two are handy because we can put them in an alias.…So for example, I could just jump to the beginning of the line here. alias mute=…
- Moving around the file system
- Creating and reading files
- Copying, moving, renaming, and deleting files and directories
- Creating hard links and symbolic links
- Understanding user identity, file ownership, and sudo
- Setting file permissions with alpha and octal notation
- Changing the PATH variable
- Using the command history
- Directing input and output
- Configuring the Unix working environment
- Searching and replacing using grep and regular expressions
- Manipulating text with tr, sed, and cut
- Integrating with the Finder, Spotlight, and AppleScript
Skill Level Beginner
Q: The exercise files for the following movies appear to be broken:
Is there something wrong with them?
These exercises include one or more "dot files", whose file names start with a period. These files are normally hidden from view by the Finder. So that they would show up in the Finder, the period has been removed from the file names. Additionally, "_example" has been added at the end of the file name to make it clear that the file will not work as-is.
To make the dot files usable, either:
1) Open the file in a text editor to view its contents. Note that it may not be possible to double-click the file to open it because there is no file extension (such as .txt).
2) Resave the file under a new name (usually by choosing File > Save As), adding a "." to the beginning of the file name and removing "_example" from the end.
1) Copy and rename the file from the Unix command line using the techniques discussed in this course. Rename the file by adding a "." to the start and removing "_example" from the end. Include the "-i" option to prevent overwriting an existing file unexpectedly.
Example: cp -i ~/Desktop/Exercise\ Files/Chapter_07/07_02_files/bashrc_example ~/.bashrc
1. Introduction to Unix
2. Filesystem Basics
3. Working with Files and Directories
4. Ownership and Permissions
5. Commands and Programs
6. Directing Input and Output
7. Configuring Your Working Environment
8. Unix Power Tools
9. Useful Mac-Only Commands and Techniques
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