Join Kevin Skoglund for an in-depth discussion in this video System configurations: Viewing and setting, part of Unix for Mac OS X Users.
Mac OS X has hundreds of configurations and settings to control your…environment that you work in.…Some of these can be set in your system preferences but others are actually…inaccessible to most users.…But through Unix we can access those configurations and even modify them.…In this movie we'll learn how to do that. Before we begin,…keep in mind two things about setting configurations.…The first is you want to be super careful that you don't accidentally change a…configuration that you didn't mean to change.…You might set something into an undesirable state.…The second thing is that some changes are going to take effect immediately, but…others are going to require either that you log out and back in or that you…completely restart your Mac.…
So just because you don't see a change right away doesn't mean that it didn't…actually take effect.…It really just depends at what point the Mac loads in that particular…preference, and that's going to vary from preference to preference.…Let's start by seeing where the configurations are stored. I'll use Command+N to…
- Moving around the file system
- Creating and reading files
- Copying, moving, renaming, and deleting files and directories
- Creating hard links and symbolic links
- Understanding user identity, file ownership, and sudo
- Setting file permissions with alpha and octal notation
- Changing the PATH variable
- Using the command history
- Directing input and output
- Configuring the Unix working environment
- Searching and replacing using grep and regular expressions
- Manipulating text with tr, sed, and cut
- Integrating with the Finder, Spotlight, and AppleScript
Skill Level Beginner
Q: The exercise files for the following movies appear to be broken:
Is there something wrong with them?
These exercises include one or more "dot files", whose file names start with a period. These files are normally hidden from view by the Finder. So that they would show up in the Finder, the period has been removed from the file names. Additionally, "_example" has been added at the end of the file name to make it clear that the file will not work as-is.
To make the dot files usable, either:
1) Open the file in a text editor to view its contents. Note that it may not be possible to double-click the file to open it because there is no file extension (such as .txt).
2) Resave the file under a new name (usually by choosing File > Save As), adding a "." to the beginning of the file name and removing "_example" from the end.
1) Copy and rename the file from the Unix command line using the techniques discussed in this course. Rename the file by adding a "." to the start and removing "_example" from the end. Include the "-i" option to prevent overwriting an existing file unexpectedly.
Example: cp -i ~/Desktop/Exercise\ Files/Chapter_07/07_02_files/bashrc_example ~/.bashrc
The instructor uses the UNIX program 'units' to convert 72° Fahrenheit to degrees Celsius. The returned value of 40 is incorrect. The correct result should be 22°C. What's the reason for this discrepancy?
The problem is that units does the 5/9 calculation but does not have the ability to subtract 32. So you'll need to subtract (or add) the 32 degrees yourself.
1. Introduction to Unix
2. Filesystem Basics
3. Working with Files and Directories
4. Ownership and Permissions
5. Commands and Programs
6. Directing Input and Output
7. Configuring Your Working Environment
8. Unix Power Tools
9. Useful Mac-Only Commands and Techniques
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