Join Nick Brazzi for an in-depth discussion in this video Launching and quitting applications, part of Mac OS X El Capitan Essential Training.
- At this point, it's time to run some applications. Launching a program on your computer is pretty simple, but I want to take a look at the different ways to do it and also checkout some important details that you might easily miss. As you can probably guess, we'll be using the dock and launch pad, but we'll also be building on our knowledge of Finder as well. We've already seen in this course one way to launch applications which is probably the easiest way to do it and that's to launch something from the dock. The dock is this row at the bottom of the screen.
You can find an application here that you want to run. You just click on the icon and that application launches. When an application is running, it has a little black dot underneath the icon in the dock and of course a window also opens and you can see that Applications menus up at the top of the screen. That's not the only way to launch an application. Let's look at another way. I'm going to go into Finder and I want to go to the Applications folder. Now you could do that by clicking on the shortcut in the sidebar, but if you don't have that shortcut, of course you could go to the root of the hard drive then go to the Applications folder.
In the Applications folder on your computer, this is where you'll find every single application that's installed on your computer. You can launch applications from here. You should notice that all of the applications that are in the dock are here in this folder, but there are a lot of other applications in this folder that are not in the dock. Later in this chapter, we're going to talk about how you can put applications in the dock so that you can customize the dock to only have the applications you want. For now, I'm going to launch an application from the Applications folder and I'm going to specifically choose an application that is not already in the dock, so I'll use Calculator.
All I need to do is double-click on it here in the Applications folder, that application will launch. Even though the Calculator application was not in the dock before, it is there now and it's going to stay there while that application is running. Of course, it has a little black dot underneath it. Great, so that's another way of launching an application. Let's look at a third way, and that would be to use Launchpad, which is another icon in the dock. If by chance you don't have Launchpad in the dock, then you could go into a Finder window, go to the Applications folder and you can find Launchpad there.
But for now, I'm going to use the icon in the dock, so I'm just going to close this Finder window. To open Launchpad, I just click on it on the dock. This is Launchpad. This is just another way of seeing a list of every application on your computer. It's very similar to the home screen on an iPhone or an iPad. If you have so many applications that they don't fit on one screen, you can flip between multiple screens. If you have a trackpad, you can put two fingers on the trackpad and swipe left and right. If you don't have a trackpad, you should see several dots down here at the bottom of the screen that relate to how many different screens of apps you have.
I can click on these dots to flip back and forth. Once you find an application that you want to launch here in Launchpad, all you need to do is click on it. I'm going to click on the Dictionary application and again, that will show up in the dock as long as it's running and of course it will have that little black dot. Let's go back to Launchpad for a moment and talk about a few other options. You do have an option for folders here in Launchpad just like you would on the home screen on an iPhone or iPad. We can see a folder right here, this one labeled Other. When I click on that, it's full of even more applications.
If I click outside of that folder, it closes. If you want to make your own folder by grouping icons together, you just drag one on top of the other. Let's say I want to put Calculator and Dictionary in a folder together, I just drag one on top of the other and drop it. It creates a new folder. It gives it a name by default by I can click on that name, give it a different name, and then click outside of that folder when I'm done. Then I could put other applications into that folder as well if I want to. I can always click on it to open it and then launch those applications from there.
If I want to take applications out of the folder, I just drag them out and then place them where I want them to be on this grid and we're done. There's also a search field up at the top if you're having a hard time finding the application that you want. You don't even have to click in the search field, you can just start typing. If I'm looking for the Photos app, I can start typing and I only needed to type two letters before it found what I was looking for. Then of course I can click on that application and it will launch. Now we have a few different ways of launching applications and now I want to talk about quitting applications when you're done.
We've already seen one way to do this. We can go into the main Application menu up in the menus, and there's an option for Quit there. If I click on Quit, it quits that application. The black dot is no longer visible under the icon and the window goes away. I'm going to click over to the Safari window just by clicking on its icon on the dock. That makes Safari the active application. Again, I'm going to look at the main Application menu and usually I don't click on the option on the menu, instead I prefer the keyboard shortcut.
I can see that keyboard shortcut here, command Q. I'm going to hold the command key, I'll tap Q, and it quits that application. Again, the black dot is gone so I know it's quit. Another way to quit an application would be to right-click on the icon and the dot. Let's quit the Dictionary. I'll right-click on it, which means I can use the right mouse button on a two-button mouse or I can hold the control key on my keyboard and click on it, and it opens up this menu, and there's an option here for quit. Before I click on this, I want you to pay very close attention.
Remember, the Dictionary application was not in the dock when I started the movie. It only showed up in the dock after I launched it from Launchpad. Now when I quit the Dictionary, you'll see it disappears from the dock again. The last way of quitting an application is something that you will very rarely use but I do want to mention it. Every now and then, you'll have an application that will lock up and it will stop responding. Sometimes you'll have an application that locks up so badly that it won't even allow you to quit.
In that case, you'll need to do a force quit. Here's how you do that. You go into the main System menu by clicking on the Apple on the top left and you'll see there's an option here for Force Quit. If I click on that, this gives me a list of every application that's currently running, which we know is Finder and Calculator. I know that because they both have little black dots under them in the dock. I can choose the application that's not responding that I'm not able to quit, then I can hit this button that says Force Quit, Confirm, and it will force that application to quit.
This is sort of like a troubleshooting mechanism and you're rarely going to need to use it, but it's important to know about it just in case you do need it. That's it for launching and quitting applications. Like I said before, quitting applications and launching applications is really easy, but there are some extra options that we saw here in this movie. Hopefully, I've shown you a few important variables that will help things run more smoothly for you.
- Setting mouse and trackpad options and gesture controls
- Connecting to the Internet
- Organizing your Mac OS X desktop
- Browsing files and folders with the Finder
- Launching and quitting applications
- Using Split View and multitasking
- Searching for files with Spotlight
- Browsing the web with Safari
- Setting up Mail, Calendar, and Contacts
- Connecting to others with Messages and FaceTime
- Working with notifications
- Installing apps
- Sharing over a wireless network
- Backing up your Mac