Join Nick Brazzi for an in-depth discussion in this video Launching and quitting applications, part of Mac OS X Mavericks Essential Training.
At this point in the game, I think it's pretty clear what most people want to be doing with their computer. It's time to run some applications. Launching a program is pretty simple, but let's take a look at the different ways to do it, and also check out some important details that you might easily miss. As you can probably guess, we'll be using the Dock and Launchpad, but we'll also be building on our knowledge of Finder as well. Now the easiest way to launch an application is probably to use the dock. Down here at the bottom of the screen, of course, we see the Dock. We've already been using this a little bit in the course.
In fact, we've been launching applications already. If an application is here on your Dock, all you need to do is click on it and that application will launch. Now later in this chapter, we're going to talk about how you can get specifically the applications you want in the dock. But for now, we'll just go with what we've got here. So I just clicked on the Safari icon and Safari launched. We talked about this a little earlier, but I want to make sure you noticed that, when you launch an application, there is a little white light underneath it in the dock that shows that, that application is running.
And also, up in the menus that particular Applications menus will pop up. Let's look at a few other ways to launch applications. You could go into your hard drive, just open a Finder Window, and you can go to the Applications folder. And here you're going to find every single application that's installed on your computer. And all you need to do to open up one of these applications is just double-click on it. So, here I'm going to double-click on calculator and calculator launches. Now, notice that Calculator was not in the dock before, but now it is here in the dock after I launched it from the Applications menu.
So also got the little white light below it. So, going to the Applications menu and double-clicking on something is another way to launch an application. I'm going to close this Finder window. Here's another way to do it. You can go to Spotlight, which is this button up here, in the Menu bar. This is another case where we're taking a peek at a feature we're going to cover later in the course. Spotlight is a tool that we're going to cover in the Search chapter. But you could go to Spotlight and type the name of an application on your computer. In this case, I'm going to type Chess. And I'll press Return.
And it lauches that application. And finally, let's look at one last way of launching an application. And that's to use Launchpad, which by default is also in your Dock. If for any reason launchpad is not in your Dock, you can go onto your hard drive again. Go to the Applications menu and locate Launchpad. But really, it makes more sense to keep it in your Dock. When you click on Launchpad, again, you get a list of every single application on your computer. You can swipe left and right and you can see them all here.
If you want to launch one of these applications, just click on it. And that application will launch. Now, I'll go back into Launchpad because the more applications you have installed on your computer, it might be hard to find what you are looking for inside of Launchpad. If you've got a ton of stuff and your swiping left and right you kind find it, fortunately Launchpad has a search tool. So, I can always go here and I can type the name of the application that I want to launch. In this case I'm looking for the Dictionary. And you can see, I didn't even have to finish typing the word before it was found.
I press Return and it launches that application. We'll go back into there one more time, just to see that you don't even have to type in the full word. I can type in the letter M, and it sorts down to every single application that begins with the letter M. And it's even finding applications where the second word in the application name begins with the letter M. If I keep typing, let's say I type the letter A, it sorts down even further. And then I can find the application that I want, click on it, and that application will launch.
So now you can see I have a lot of applications running, and they all have the little white light on them in the Dock. And I can switch between these apps in a couple of different ways. If I can see another app on the screen, if I click on it, that application will become the active application. You see its menus are here at the Menu bar. But if I can't see an application because it's so buried, I can also click on its icon on the Dock. And even though this application is currently running, it will become the active application.
Now we're dipping our toes into multitasking which is something we'll go more in depth with later. But for now, I want to talk about how we quit these applications, and it's a good thing that I have a bunch of applications open because there're a few different ways of quitting. First, let me go to Safari. If I want to quit this application, of course I can go to the Safari menu. And I can hit Quit. There's also the keyboard shortcut, Cmd+Q. Now earlier in the course, we talked about these three buttons, red, yellow, and green. And I made the point that when you click on the red button, you're not actually quitting the application, you're just closing that window.
See, Safari is still running? It's not until I quit Safari that the application is actually quit, you can see the little white light goes away. But let's look at an application like Calculator. Calculator has only one window, there's no option for other windows. And it can't exist unless it's got that one window open. So this is one of those rare cases where if you hit the red button it will quit that application. Another thing that's interesting to note, if I quit one of these applications that was not in the dock to begin with. Like when I quit calculator, it disappears from the Dock entirely.
Let's see that again. If I go to the dictionary, and I quit that by going to the Application menu and hit Quit, it disappears from the Dock entirely. Again, if you want things to be stored permanently in your Dock, we'll talk about that later in this chapter. But let's finish up by talking about a few more ways to quit. I could, right-click or control-click on an application icon in the Dock. And I can hit Quit there. And of course I could use the keyboard shortcut, in this case Calendar is open and I hold the Command key and hit Q to quit that.
Now the last thing I want to show you about quitting, is what you use if an application has crashed or frozen and it just refuses to quit. This is pretty rare, but every now and then it will happen. If you need to force Quit an application because it's not responding. What you need to do is go to the System menu, choose Force Quit, and it's going to list every application that's currently running. In this case, I only have Finder and Maps, so I'm going to select Maps, and I'll hit Force Quit and confirm that. That application will be forced to quit.
I'll go ahead and close the Force Quit window. And one last way of force quitting an application, I'll go ahead and launch Safari again. If you right-click on an application icon in the Dock if it's currently running, you'll see the option to Quit. But before I hit Quit, if I hold the Option key on the keyboard, you can see that changes to Force Quit. And that's another way to force an application to quit if it's frozen and it refuses to quit. So like we said before, quitting applications and launching applications is really easy, but there's a surprising number of options for how you can go about launching and quitting applications.
Launching and quitting applications are among the most essential activities you'll do on your computer. Like I said, they're really simple. But hopefully, I've shown you a few important variables that will help things run more smoothly for you.
- Installing and running Mavericks for the first time
- Connecting to the Internet
- Browsing through folders in the Finder
- Launching and managing applications
- Saving and searching for files
- Setting up iCloud and Apple ID accounts
- Browsing the web with Safari
- Using Mail, Calendar, and Contacts
- Messaging with iChat and Facetime
- Installing apps
- Sharing files and printer over a local network
- Backing up your Mac