Join Kevin Skoglund for an in-depth discussion in this video Kernel and shells, part of Unix for Mac OS X Users.
Before we dive in to actually using Unix, there's one last fundamental concept…that I want to make sure that you understand, because we're going to be using…it a few times later on and that is the difference between the kernel and the shells.…So the kernel is the core of the operating system in Unix.…It's what takes care of allocating time and memory to program,…really doing sort of very fundamental root level management of how programs…go about doing their thing.…Mac OS X uses the Mach kernel inside Darwin to do that.…So if you ever hear someone refer to Mach kernel,…that's what they are referring to, is this very central part of the Unix…operating system that really just takes care of how the operating system handles…very basic tasks like memory management.…
Then outside of that there is the shell.…The shell is the outer layer of the operating system.…That's what we see when we open up a Terminal window.…We're working in the shell.…It interacts with the user and we can think of it as our working environment.…
- Moving around the file system
- Creating and reading files
- Copying, moving, renaming, and deleting files and directories
- Creating hard links and symbolic links
- Understanding user identity, file ownership, and sudo
- Setting file permissions with alpha and octal notation
- Changing the PATH variable
- Using the command history
- Directing input and output
- Configuring the Unix working environment
- Searching and replacing using grep and regular expressions
- Manipulating text with tr, sed, and cut
- Integrating with the Finder, Spotlight, and AppleScript
Skill Level Beginner
Q: The exercise files for the following movies appear to be broken:<br /> 07_02_files<br /> 07_03_files<br /> 07_04_files<br /> 07_05_files<br /> 08_03_files<br /><br /> Is there something wrong with them?
These exercises include one or more "dot files", whose file names start with a period. These files are normally hidden from view by the Finder. So that they would show up in the Finder, the period has been removed from the file names. Additionally, "_example" has been added at the end of the file name to make it clear that the file will not work as-is. To make the dot files usable, either:<br /><br /> 1) Open the file in a text editor to view its contents. Note that it may not be possible to double-click the file to open it because there is no file extension (such as .txt).<br /> 2) Resave the file under a new name (usually by choosing File > Save As), adding a "." to the beginning of the file name and removing "_example" from the end.<br /> <br /> OR<br /> <br /> 1) Copy and rename the file from the Unix command line using the techniques discussed in this course. Rename the file by adding a "." to the start and removing "_example" from the end. Include the "-i" option to prevent overwriting an existing file unexpectedly.<br /> Example: cp -i ~/Desktop/Exercise\ Files/Chapter_07/07_02_files/bashrc_example ~/.bashrc
1. Introduction to Unix
2. Filesystem Basics
3. Working with Files and Directories
4. Ownership and Permissions
5. Commands and Programs
6. Directing Input and Output
7. Configuring Your Working Environment
8. Unix Power Tools
9. Useful Mac-Only Commands and Techniques
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