Join Kevin Skoglund for an in-depth discussion in this video Creating directories, part of Unix for Mac OS X Users.
I want us to see how we can go back creating directories that we could put our files into.…Directories are essentially folders, but in Unix you are always going to…call them directories.…So start getting use to that terminology.…Instead of calling it a folder, call it a directory.…Making a directory is really simple.…We just say mkdir, space, and then the name of the directory we want.…So I am going to create one called testdir. Hit Return and it created it.…It didn't give me any output there. If I do ls-la you'll see that it created.…If we come down here at the very last entry, you can see there's a directory…because it has this d at the front and that differentiates it from just a…standard file which has a dash.…
Now if you were to try it again and create the same directory again, you'll get…an error letting you know that file exists.…It says File exists but it's actually letting us know that the directory exists…and then makes sure we don't accidentally overwrite something we don't mean to.…
- Moving around the file system
- Creating and reading files
- Copying, moving, renaming, and deleting files and directories
- Creating hard links and symbolic links
- Understanding user identity, file ownership, and sudo
- Setting file permissions with alpha and octal notation
- Changing the PATH variable
- Using the command history
- Directing input and output
- Configuring the Unix working environment
- Searching and replacing using grep and regular expressions
- Manipulating text with tr, sed, and cut
- Integrating with the Finder, Spotlight, and AppleScript
Skill Level Beginner
Q: The exercise files for the following movies appear to be broken:
Is there something wrong with them?
These exercises include one or more "dot files", whose file names start with a period. These files are normally hidden from view by the Finder. So that they would show up in the Finder, the period has been removed from the file names. Additionally, "_example" has been added at the end of the file name to make it clear that the file will not work as-is.
To make the dot files usable, either:
1) Open the file in a text editor to view its contents. Note that it may not be possible to double-click the file to open it because there is no file extension (such as .txt).
2) Resave the file under a new name (usually by choosing File > Save As), adding a "." to the beginning of the file name and removing "_example" from the end.
1) Copy and rename the file from the Unix command line using the techniques discussed in this course. Rename the file by adding a "." to the start and removing "_example" from the end. Include the "-i" option to prevent overwriting an existing file unexpectedly.
Example: cp -i ~/Desktop/Exercise\ Files/Chapter_07/07_02_files/bashrc_example ~/.bashrc
1. Introduction to Unix
2. Filesystem Basics
3. Working with Files and Directories
4. Ownership and Permissions
5. Commands and Programs
6. Directing Input and Output
7. Configuring Your Working Environment
8. Unix Power Tools
9. Useful Mac-Only Commands and Techniques
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