Join Sean Colins for an in-depth discussion in this video Naming your server, part of OS X Server Essential Training: Yosemite.
- In previous videos we've configured your AirPort bay station to hand out the correct IP information and DNS information for your client systems, we've configured the static IP address on this computer on which we're going to launch OS X server, and we could configure the server's name ahead of time. But I'm going to show you a cool trick that you can use to change that after you've initially launched and set up the server for the first time. And that's using the change IP functionality. We're going to start by going to the Applications folder and double clicking on Server.
And the thing about this splash screen that I want to explain really briefly, the continue button is going to set up OS X server on this computer. The Other Mac button is what you would use to connect remotely to a different server on another piece of hardware, another actual Macintosh computer somewhere else on your network without configuring this computer as a server. It's an important distinction. If you're doing this on your laptop and you don't want your laptop to be OS X server, don't click the Continue button, okay. But I'm assuming that you're following the class along here and you're on the actual hardware you're going to use as OS X server and we're going to click Continue.
You're going to scroll through and read the entire end user license agreement, and click Agree. And enter your user name and password. This has to be an administrative user and that has to be the correct user name and password. When your server set up is complete, you'll see something that looks roughly like this. Whatever your host name is, in this case ours is called car-booth-02-mac but yours could be named just about anything whatever it was named before you went into this and that name will show up here.
You'll notice we've got no services configured at this point in time. And we're really at the very beginning of the set up of our OS X server. The very first thing we want to do is we want to click on the Edit button over here next to where it says Host Name. And this is going to start the set up process of the server's host name. As I explained to you before, we have the IP address already set but we want to be sure we get the host name right. In this next screen here, in this next sheet, called Accessing your Server, we have three options. One is to set up your server with a Local Network only accessible name.
This is for if you're going to set up your OS X server really just as a caching server or with some other service that doesn't require access over the internet. Now you can have the same kind of thing here with a Local Network and VPN. This sets you up with a server name that ends in ".private" that can be accessed locally or can be accessed if you're connected over a VPN connection but really can't be accessed directly over the internet because .private isn't a real domain name ending so it wouldn't work.
Internet is I think the most flexible option because this allows us to set up the server correctly right now and even if we are just setting up a caching server, down the road if we want to turn on contacts or calenders or mail or whatever we can do that because the naming is already set up for us ahead of time. So I'm going to select Internet and click Next. The next thing I want to do is I want to name the computer. Now we're going to be very obvious here. We're just going to name our computer Server. And then I'm going to put in the server's fully qualified domain name. I try to make the first part of the fully qualified domain name the same as the computer name whenever I create a new server.
It avoids confusion for my users. So once I've got server.wisdompet.net entered I can then click the Edit button next to Network Address if I feel that this is potentially going to be different than what I expect. If I click on Edit, I can see here I've got the IP Address that I set, the Subnet Mask, and the Router, but for some reason the DNS Server information didn't come through. It's just blank here. I'm going to hit Cancel and I'm simply going to click Finish and let's watch what happens.
You can see here that it says, hey do you want to set up DNS because we can set that up for you automatically. Now if you're an experienced DNS administrator and you already know how to properly set up, split horizon DNS, and you want to do that right from the start, click Skip and go ahead and do that next. But for everybody else, let's click Set Up DNS and watch what happens for us automatically. All right, as soon as that's finished we can see that the server app has gone out and it's reached the internet via our public IP address which is great.
And we can see a green dot down here next to the DNS Service which I will click on here. And you can see that we don't have any Forwarding Servers configured yet. This is that last part I was telling you about that's going to make it possible for anything that uses your server as a DNS server to get to the internet. We're going to click this middle button here, this middle Edit button that's lining up with Forwarding Servers. Click that. And the sheet that comes down is going to be empty because we don't have anything configured there yet. We need to click the + button, and we're going to enter the IP address that our internet service provider has given us as their DNS servers that they want you to use to capture DNS information on the internet.
That's going to be your closest step up the ladder onto the internet for DNS. If you don't know what that is, don't worry. Google's got you covered. You can always type 22.214.171.124. That's a good option. Another good option if you don't want to use Google's information you could always user 126.96.36.199 or you could also use 188.8.131.52. Now notice if I just click the + button whenever I'm finished typing, It won't add another line. I have to click outside of that area to click the + button again in order to get another line.
That's how I did that. So once that's done we click OK. You can see it references that we have three forwarding servers. Our internal only domain is set up and we've got a great opportunity later on to show you how to reconfigure this whenever you need to add additional information within wisdompet.net which really wouldn't be possible right now. But for where we are at this point in the course this is great. If you've got things set up exactly the way I do, of course replacing my IP address with the addresses that you chose, you're going to be just fine and this is going to work beautifully for you as we move forward into the next video.
- Planning your installation
- Setting up the network
- Addressing and naming the server
- Setting up network folders
- Administering file sharing
- Serving shared calendars
- Enabling a wiki
- Setting up messages
- Setting user and group access controls
- Working with DNS
- Configuring port forwarding
- Administering users with Profile Manager