Vocal frequency ranges are isolated and discussed for equalization. Scott Hirsch shows how to equalize a vocal using an EQ plugin to fit with the other instruments in your mix.
- [Instructor] No matter what you capture…from your microphone, most vocals require…a certain amount of equalization to fit the sound…of the voice musically into the mix of instruments…in your song.…Here I'll give you some pointers on what frequency…areas of the vocal will respond to specific eq settings,…and how to apply them in logic pro to make…your vocal really shine in a mix.…First I wanna go over the different ranges…of the human voice in the audio frequency spectrum.…So here I've got some channel eq's set up…to focus on specific areas of the frequency range.…
We'll start with the low end.…The lowest frequencies.…This is everything from 20 hertz,…the lowest our ears can potentially hear,…all the way up to about 80 hertz.…Now for a female vocalist, you can pretty much…carve out everything below 80 hertz.…I would move that down to 60 for male vocals.…This is where you're gonna find any unusable rumble…that got into the microphone maybe from air conditioning…or passing cars outside the studio.…There's not gonna be really any usable vocal frequencies…
Audio engineer Scott Hirsch starts with comping the vocals—combining the best performances into one final vocal master take. He explains how to edit out breaths and other noises and fabricate a doubling effect for additional texture and vibe, and then brings in some plugins into the mix—Antares Auto-Tune, Melodyne, and iZotope—to tune vocals and create more interesting soundscapes. In the "Mixing" chapter, Scott enhances the sound of the vocals with EQ, compression, reverb, delay, and automation, adding life and motion to the song. The final track demonstrates everything you can do to maximize the effectiveness of vocals with Logic Pro.
- Comping takes in Logic Pro
- Editing breaths and noise
- Doubling and tuning vocals
- Experimenting with iZotope's Stutter Edit
- Processing vocals with EQ and compression
- De-essing vocals
- Using reverb, delay, and modulation effects
- Automating levels and FX in Logic Pro