Scott Hirsch shows how multiple vocal harmony track stacks can be routed to a single sub master output, and panned properly, compressed, and equalized to better serve a background vocal bed for the lead vocal in a mix.
- [Instructor] Vocal stacks are made of a lot of tracks…which can sometimes be daunting to deal with in a mix.…Let's work through some mixed techniques…for backing vocal harmony stacks…and I'll show you how to pan, control, and mix…a large amount of layered vocal tracks into a song.…Here, we have our harmony vocals which are recorded…in the vocal recording techniques course.…We've got actually 12 tracks, three harmonies,…and four of each of those harmonies.…The first thing you want to make sure of is that…the files, each of these regions, are edited really clean…unlike the lead vocal where we left some natural breaths.…
We don't want any breaths or noises other than…the vocals themselves in all of these layered tracks.…So all edits should be right up to the waveform.…Another reason for editing so closely,…is that for each of these takes,…in this case, 12 total, headphones are being worn,…so when you have 12 times even quiet headphone bleed…in the mic, that can build up and show up in your mix,…which you don't want.…
Audio engineer Scott Hirsch starts with comping the vocals—combining the best performances into one final vocal master take. He explains how to edit out breaths and other noises and fabricate a doubling effect for additional texture and vibe, and then brings in some plugins into the mix—Antares Auto-Tune, Melodyne, and iZotope—to tune vocals and create more interesting soundscapes. In the "Mixing" chapter, Scott enhances the sound of the vocals with EQ, compression, reverb, delay, and automation, adding life and motion to the song. The final track demonstrates everything you can do to maximize the effectiveness of vocals with Logic Pro.
- Comping takes in Logic Pro
- Editing breaths and noise
- Doubling and tuning vocals
- Experimenting with iZotope's Stutter Edit
- Processing vocals with EQ and compression
- De-essing vocals
- Using reverb, delay, and modulation effects
- Automating levels and FX in Logic Pro