Note: Because this is an ongoing series, there is no certificate of completion available for this course.
Skill Level Intermediate
- [Instructor] Installing Linux as a bootable operating system on a physical computer is called a bare metal or native install. It allows you to start up your computer in Linux and use all of your computer's resources, rather than using only a portion of them in a virtual machine. You can install Linux as the only operating system on a computer, or you can install it alongside others. In this episode, I'm going to install it as the only operating system, replacing an existing Windows installation. The installation process will take a few minutes, so we've sped up the video for the long boring parts.
But be prepared to spend at least 30 minutes or so to get to a point where you can use the new operating system. And you'll need to find out some specific options for the hardware you're installing on before starting. You might want to watch this episode through first and then come back and follow along later with your own hardware. My machine is powered off right now, and I've plugged my USB disk into it. When I start up the machine, I'll need to press a key to open the boot menu. Depending on your computer, this may be different. I know that the key on mine is F10, and yours could be F10, F1, F2, Delete or something else.
It'll usually flash on screen, and if you only see a logo of your computer's manufacturer before the system starts up, try pressing Escape to see if you can see it. It can take a few tries to catch the key on the screen, and sometimes it doesn't display it at all. So you can search on the web for the model of your computer or try a few different keys, restarting each time. If you'd like, take a moment now to see if you can find the key for your system. I'll start up my computer now, and press the key to go to the boot screen.
I have a few options here. My computer supports UEFI, which is newer than the old BIOS method. Again, depending on your computer, you may have both options or just one. I'll choose one of the USB entries and press Enter. Here on my system, after a little bit, the installer loads. When the install window comes up, I'll click the button to install Ubuntu.
I'll choose my keyboard layout and language. And then press Continue. I'll skip connecting to the network for right now, but if you'd like to connect to your Wi-Fi, you can choose your network, and if you're connected to Ethernet, you probably won't see this screen. On the next screen, I'm asked what kind of installation I'd like to perform. A normal installation comes with a web browser, some Office software, games and some media players. A minimal installation only comes with a web browser and basic utilities.
I'll stick with normal installation for now. Further down, I'm offered the option to install third-party software for graphics and Wi-Fi hardware. Because I'm installing natively, I'd like all the driver support I can get, so I'll click that box. And then I'll press Continue. On the following screen, I'm given the option to install Ubuntu alongside Windows 10, or to erase the disk and install Ubuntu. In this episode, I'm going to erase the disk, replace Windows 10, and install Ubuntu as the only operating system on the machine.
I can also choose to encrypt the installation for security, but I won't do that right now. Or to use LVM, which makes it easier to resize partitions later on. I'll click Install Now and I'm asked to confirm the changes to the partition table. Then I'll choose my time zone. After that, I'll type in my name and I'm given the opportunity to set my computer's name.
I'll pick a username for myself and enter a password and verify it. I can choose whether to log in automatically or to have the system require my password to log in. I'll leave this set to ask for my password whenever I log in, and I'll click Continue. When the installation is complete, I need to restart. I'll follow the directions on the screen and unplug the installer and press Enter. Then my system will restart. When the system comes up, I'll click on my username and I'll type in my password and click Sign In.
And here's my brand-new desktop. I'll click Next a few times to get through the welcome to Ubuntu screens. And now, we're ready to go. I know that the hardware on this computer is working well, and it's worth checking on your system to see that things are working for you. Try out the Internet, try Bluetooth, open up the webcam and take a selfie. If you find that you have hardware that isn't working, you can look online to find how to install the specific drivers for your devices.
Once you've got the system installed, I recommend that you run the software updater to make sure that you're up-to-date with any security patches and software improvements that have been released since the ISO image was made. And if you plan to use the machine to work with any data you consider important, remember to set up the backup software to make sure you don't lose your work. Enjoy your new Linux machine.