Join Chris Orwig for an in-depth discussion in this video Using the histogram to correct exposure, part of Lightroom 5 Essentials: 03 Develop Module Basics.
Now that we know a little bit about how we can use the Basic panel to modify the tone in our photographs, in this movie I want to get a little bit more technical. And I want to talk about how we can use the Histogram to make changes to our pictures, and also how we can turn on what are called our clipping indicators, which will highlight or show us some problem areas in our photographs. Alright, well with this image, what I want to do is zoom in on it. So I'll position my cursor over it and click to zoom in. And in this case I've zoomed in to a one to three view, just so I have a larger view of the subject of this photograph. Now we've already seen how we can use our sliders in order to change the way the image looks.
We can increase the contrast by dragging that slider to the right, or we can change our white point by dragging our white slider off to the right as well. That brightens up those overall whites. Yet in doing this, in making these subjective adjustments we don't necessarily know if we're over doing the adjustments. In order to determine if we've gone too far, we might want to travel to the Histogram. Click on the button, or the name, I should say, of Histogram to open it up, and the first thing that I want to highlight here is we can turn on what are called clipping indicators by clicking on these little triangle icons.
You can also just hover over that icon, and it will temporarily show you any kind of clipping that you have. Clipping is when you have loss of detail. Here, it's showing me I have loss of detail in the brightest whites in this area of the photograph, or if we were to darken up our black slider. That would show me that in this area I have some I have some loss of detail as well. Now why does that matter? Well, that matters because this image will not be able to be printed very well because there just isn't any detail there.
It's pure, 100% black, or it's pure, 100% white. So what we want to do is use these indicators to help guide us in regards to how far we might adjust or modify our photographs. Alright, well we've seen so far that we can click on those triangle icons, but I also want to share with you an advance tip to turn the clipping on and off. Are you ready for it? You want to jot this one down. You can press the J key that allows you to toggle the visibility of the clipping on and off. So again, tap the J key multiple times to turn that on and off. If ever you forget that shortcut, you can always find it by going to your View menu, and here it is, Show clipping.
And there's that shortcut key, and you can also click on this menu item here to turn both of those clipping indicators on, and then off. Alright, well, now that we've been introduced to this topic of clipping. What I want to do next is talk about how we can use this as a guide so that we can then appropriately improve the tone in our photographs. So let's go ahead and leave this image open, as we'll continue to work on it in the next movie.
- How raw processing works in the Develop module
- Evaluating before and after versions of your photos
- Understanding white balance and color temperature
- Correcting exposure with the histogram
- Identifying problem areas with clipping indicators
- Enhancing color with Vibrance, Saturation, and Contrast
- Adding warm tones
- Three ways to remove color from an image
- Changing brightness with the Targeted Adjustment tool
- Processing multiple images
- A Basic panel workflow
- Using snapshots and history