Join Vince Kotchian for an in-depth discussion in this video Question type: Grammar, part of PSAT Test Prep.
- [Voiceover] In this video I will go over a grammar question and explain a few of the grammatical concepts you should note. Do well on these questions. Here's an example of a passage with a question testing your knowledge of pronoun and subject verb agreement. If you would to look at this whole passage, just use the URL that you see on the screen. The question that I'm dealing with here is the highlighted one, number 2. Let's just read the sentence this underlined part is in first. "When any one of these changes occur, it is likely the result of careful analysis conducted by the transportation planners." Okay, so let's work backwards this time from the right answer, which is choice D.
Choice D says "occurs" and it also has "it is". How do we know this is right? Well the pronoun "it" is agreeing with the noun or subject "one." "When any one of these changes occurs," so the correct verb should be "occurs" and it has to agree with the subject "one." So one occurs and it is singular just like one is singular. Some of the commonly tested rules that you are going to see for grammar questions are verbs.
Verbs could be things like the verb tense, verb agreement with nouns, and parallel structure, which is expressing all the verbs in a sentence in the same tense or having repeated structure with them. You are also going to see pronouns tested. Pronouns agreeing with nouns, having pronouns be clear, what noun they are referring to, and pronoun case. When you are dealing with grammar, the best way to cover all your bases is to check out the books by Eric Comelsor.
They will provide you with in depth knowledge of each skill and they will give you plenty of practice. Remember getting good at these questions means understanding what each question is testing your ability to do. Make sure that whether you get a right or wrong that you understand what it is testing, that you understand how to apply that skill.
- Understanding the structure of the PSAT
- Preparing a study timeline
- Reviewing sample questions
- Reading efficiently and critically
- Recognizing wrong answers in the reading section
- Answering grammar and punctuation questions
- Backsolving math problems
- Decoding charts and graphs
- Working without a calculator