Join Jen Kramer for an in-depth discussion in this video Working with global article options, specific article options, and menu options: Which wins when?, part of Joomla! 2.5 Essential Training.
Let's talk about Article Options. Take a look at this page here where it says Category and Published on and Written by and Hits. One of the most powerful, though occasionally confusing, aspects of Joomla! is where these sorts of options appear within Joomla!, because there are three levels of them. There are Global Article Options, there are Article Options available at the Menu Item level, and there are Article Options which are available on an article-by-article basis as well.
The Global Article Configuration is the most global and will impact everything on your website immediately. The Menu Article Options and the article options available on an article-by-article basis are there to override specific instances of anything that you set up in the Global Article Options. What we are going to do now is I am going to show you how to set up the Global Article Options in this video, and we'll clean up this site and really make it look a whole lot better once we get through these options that we need to set up. So I am going to jump back into the backend of Joomla! and I am going to go to the Article Manager.
And in the upper right-hand corner of the Article Manager you should have a button here that says Options. This button will probably only show up if you're logged in as a Super User, it's unusual for you to have permission to see this button if you're at any other level. Go ahead and click that, and you'll see that we have many different tabs here and lots of things that we can configure as far as Article Options are concerned. I am going to start with the Articles tab here in the Article Manager Options, and we're going to run through all of the options that are here.
First of all, we're going to show the title of the article of course. Do we want to have the titles linked? Link titles are useful if you're on a page like the news blog page or on the homepage, so I can actually click on the words here for these exhibits or I can click on the Read more link. If I turn off Linked Titles, I'll see the title, but I won't be able to click on it to get more, I'd have to click on the Read more link. So I am going to go ahead and leave Linked Titles on. I definitely want to show the Intro Text, but I don't need to show the Category and I certainly don't need a link to it either.
I'm not going to show the Author, because they're all written by Super User. I don't care about the publication date either. The Show Navigation option pertains to, I am going to go to the News page and I am going to go to News and I am going to go to the Children ArtWorks Program. Down here in the bottom you'll see sometimes these little navigation options that say Next and Previous. If I click Next here, see I go to my next news article, about the Major Donation Received. I can click here to go next or I can click here to go to the previous article.
And so these are the articles that are within a given category. And this down here, these specific buttons for Previous and Next, these are considered to be the navigation that is referred to here under Show Navigation. It's not a navigation bar for your website where your menus are. I find that navigation on the bottom to be a little bit annoying, so I am going to go ahead and turn that off. I definitely want to show my Read mores, and this is where you can change that showing the title with Read more. You may have noticed, if I go back to the News page here that these Read more links all say Read more: followed by a bunch of words.
Some of you may really like this and some of you may not. The reason why these additional words are here is for search engine optimization purposes, because the words located inside of links are more heavily weighted than words that are just otherwise on the page. So if you have a page with, in this case, three different Read mores that go to three different pages, that's not as effective for search engines as saying where you will go when you click on the Read more link. It also helps people with disabilities. But if you need to turn that off and you need it to say just Read More, you can change Show Title with Read More to say Hide, and right now this is Read More Limit indicates how many characters of the title will show after the words Read More; in this case it's 100 characters.
The icons down here at the bottom are a little bit awkward as well. What these have to do with are these little icons up here in the corner. In Joomla! 1.5 we used to have another icon which was a PDF icon and that is no longer supported in Joomla! 1.6 and higher. I believe what happened was that the PDF code was so out-of-date that Joomla! didn't feel like supporting it anymore, so it's been dropped from the core. So you can now have a printer-friendly version of any of these articles and you can email them to a friend.
All you have to do is click on these links. And so here's a printer-friendly version of this New Children's ArtWorks Program Announced, and if I click on the Email it to a friend, I get a nice little form here that I can fill out to send a link to that specific article to a friend. Some people really like these, some people really hate them. So here under Show icons you may think if I just say Hide, and then say Save, and I Refresh the front-end of my website, we'll see a whole bunch of stuff disappear.
You see here that we've hidden the icons, but we haven't actually hidden the words, the icons have turned into words that say Print and Email. So if you want everything to disappear in that upper right-hand corner, you don't want it to say Print or Email and you don't want the icons either, you also have to hide the Show Print Icon and show Email Icon. And you might have noticed that we are still displaying how many hits each one of these articles has gotten. A hit means that somebody has viewed the article. Hits are not recorded when the articles are on a page like this, but they are when somebody goes forward and does a full Read more of the article.
That kind of information is still available to you inside of the Article Manager and I'll show you just as soon as I turn this off. So I am going to go ahead and Hide how many hits, but it doesn't mean that Joomla! is not tracking them for you. Positioning of the links has to do with the new feature in Joomla! 2.5 that I just covered in the previous video pertaining to the standardized placement of images and links inside of a given article. By default those links are located on the top of the article. I'd actually like them to appear below and we'll take a look at that here in just a second.
I have gone ahead and configured this article's screen exactly the way I want, I am going to say Save & Close for the moment, so I can show you the Article Manager screen. Note that we do have a column here called Hits, so Hits are being tracked. The question with the Article Options screen is whether those hits are going to show on the front-end of the website. If you go ahead and refresh your News page here, you'll see that finally things are lining up beautifully here on the page. Doesn't it look just so much better than what we had before? We have these nice pictures and everything here on the News page, and when I go to Read more, now my links are showing up underneath the article, as I specified in the Article Options.
I don't have any of the dates or any of that other information that shows up between the title and the full text of the article, and the pages are so much cleaner. We go back to the homepage, you'll notice that the same treatment has been given to the homepage, but also all of the other pages on the site. The other pages have gotten the same kind of treatment. I am going to jump back into the Article Options for another minute to show you that there are other tabs here. There are some interesting options here in the Editing Layout I am going to come back to in a little while.
There are some options here for configuring how Category blogs, Category lists might appear in a standardized way on the page, including under Blog/Featured Layouts how the numbers that we were typing in, in the Menu Items, in terms of the number of leading articles and intro articles and so forth, that can be set globally, and then you can overwrite it on a menu item by menu item basis. There are some global settings here for List Layouts as well. One of the last things is the Permissions tab, you'll find this available on any of the option screens for any of the managers you take a look at.
And then, Menu Manager, there is an option screen and there is a Permissions tab associated with it, same for the Module Manager and so forth, and this is where you can configure who has access to get into the Article Manager from the backend. That is all part of ACL, I cover that in a lot of detail in Joomla! 1.7 Access Control lists. That's all the changes we need to make here for now, and I am going to go over how you can set some different Article Options inside of Menus in the next video.
- Understanding a content management system (CMS)
- Comparing a CMS-driven site to a static HTML site
- Installing Joomla!
- Organizing content within Joomla!
- Creating categories, articles, and menus
- Installing third-party extensions and templates
- Managing users and their permissions
- Changing the look of the site with templates
- Launching a Joomla! site