Join David Blatner for an in-depth discussion in this video The importance of document profiles, part of InDesign: Color Management.
- In the last chapter I talked a lot about your Monitor profiles and your Output or Target profiles. But you may have noticed that I kind of glossed over Document profiles but Document profiles are incredibly important because they describe what the colors in your documents, your Photoshop images, your Illustrator graphics, and all the color swatches in InDesign, what those colors actually look like. That is if I define a color swatch in InDesign as say 100% cyan then which cyan ink am I talking about? Remember that different physical cyan inks look different and cyan on screen looks really different.
So the Document Profile explains what color I'm talking about in this InDesign document. Without a profile it's just a number. It has no real meaning. Now remember when I said that color management is kind of like translating from one language into another? Well imagine that your an English speaker and you want to translate the same word into two different languages. When you talk to a Spanish speaker you'd say the word in Spanish and when your in Japan you'd say the word in Japanese. But the whole time you'd still be thinking about the word in English, the meaning or idea that you're trying to convey is based in English.
So in color management we replace the languages with profiles and we say your Document profile is like you home language. And when you want to show it on screen you translate it to the Monitor profile. And when you want to print it you translate it to an Output profile. But under the hood the idea itself, the color, is defined with a Document profile. Now in a perfect world every document, every image, would have a profile attached to it to explain, you know, 100% red in this document looks like this or 100% yellow looks like that.
And that way we'd know exactly how to display it or print it or manage the color correctly. But, as we'll see, not all documents have profiles. So sometimes the computer just has to guess and, of course, that sometimes leads to mistakes and colors not looking the way they're supposed to. So for the rest of this chapter and the next we're going to look at how you can avoid those kinds of problems by being mindful of that critical middle step, applying Document profiles, which again give meaning to you're document colors.
- Understanding gamut and out-of-gamut color
- Creating great color profiles
- Working in InDesign's transparency blend space
- Using sRGB color settings
- Dealing with profile and policy mismatches
- Preparing RGB and CMYK images
- Importing images in InDesign
- Proofing design on screen
- Printing documents
- Exporting PDF files