Join Brian Wood for an in-depth discussion in this video Working with frame-based baseline grids, part of InDesign CS2 Beyond the Basics.
All right. In this section we're going go through and talk about how to work with a baseline grid for an individual text frame. Now, from the exercise folders go ahead and open up from the Chapter 2 folder the "brochure_baseline.indd" file. It is the same file we had open last movie. I saved it. You didn't have to save it. That's fine. The first thing we're going to do is this. We're going to talk about a baseline grid as far as it relates to an individual text frame. First things first. Open up the actual grid itself. I want to see the grid.
Come into View, the View menu. Go down to Grids and Guides. Take a look. You should see Show Baseline Grid. Turn that on. Let's take a look. Last movie, last session, I showed you how to actually work with the baseline grids just as a document in general. This time what I want to do is focus in on a single text frame. Clicking down here where it says "New Tea Shop" - I'm going to zoom into that. Command-Spacebar, Control-Spacebar Windows. Taking a look down here you can actually see that I've got a text frame here. And if I put my cursor inside of it by double-clicking with my Cursor tool here, taking a look at my character styles up at the top - character formatting - I can actually see that this is 10 point type if I take a look.
So a little different from the type out on the page. Now in the last session what I did was I talked about the baselines, and I said that the baseline grid itself has to match, or at least has to start matching, with your leading value of your text. If your text is different sizes, it's going to be really kind of rough to snap that text to the grid. For instance, if I put my cursor inside of this first paragraph here, come to my paragraph formats, or come to your Paragraph palette - doesn't matter - follow me in the right here. I am going say Align to baseline grid. You click on Align to baseline grid.
Take a look what happens here. It's going to align it. Now it's kind of almost imperceptible here, but the text actually is a little bit more spread out than it should be. It's a little bit more than the leading value of the text because this text is a little bit smaller. So what we can do instead is we can actually align it to a baseline grid that's set for this text frame only. Now I'm going to turn off that Align to baseline grid. Click on Do not align. And we're going to set this for this dialog - this text frame. Come up to the Object menu with your cursor in the text frame.
Come down to Text Frame Options. You'll notice the short cut down there. Command-D, Control-D, Windows. Let's open that up. Something new in InDesign CS2 which is really kind of nice is the Baseline Options setting. Click Baseline Options. Taking a look here, we can see Baseline Grid. For any text frame you have selected, or if your cursor is in a text frame, for that text frame it will affect it. It will actually put in its own personal baseline grid. Here's what we are going to do. Move this dialog box out of the way a bit, grabbing it by the title bar. I am going to turn on my Preview, lower left here, as always.
Turn on Preview. And I'm going tell this text frame to Use a Custom Baseline Grid. So click on Custom Baseline Grid and take a look. I can see my own grid inside here. Now what we've got to do is this. If I take a look at the Layer Color here, we're actually going to change the color of the grid itself, just so it looks a little different. I'm going go to gold. I usually pick something as horrible as I can, just so I can see it. I have a hard time seeing these things. If you take a look, its actually going to ask similar things to the baseline grid for a document. But this time it's relative it the text frame edges itself.
Look right here. It says Relative to Top Inset. Now take a look at that. We can do Top of the Page itself, Top of the Margin, or Top of the Frame altogether. This text frame has an inset. It recognized that. If you take a look, it's insetting the text from all edges. So it's saying relative to the top of the inset here. Now if you take a look Increment Every is basically saying this should be equal to your leading value. Now one of the things that I always forget to do and you'll probably wind up doing it too, is I forget to look at the leading value for this text. I am almost guarantee you it's going to be 12 point, but here's what we have to do.
I'm going to click OK. Still there. With my cursor in the text come up top to the Character Formats. Take a look. You can see that your leading value is 12 point. So we're going to get back to the actual Baseline Grid Options. With your cursor in there I'm going to do Command-B, Control-B on Windows. Move the dialog box out of the way a bit here. I can click on Baseline Options again. If you take a look, we're going to make the Increment Every equal to 12 point. Just by typing in 12pt. The "pt" is actually very important in this case, because we're telling it what the increment, or what the actual unit is.
If I click inside of another field here or hit Tab, it will convert it for me. It looks like we actually had already. So that's kind of nice. So what we're going to do is we're going to click OK. That set our baseline grid inside of the text frame. The next thing we've got to do is we actually have to change the text to lock it to the grid. With your cursor selected, basically inside of the text, come to your Paragraph Format or Paragraph palette. Follow me in the right here. I'm going to see Align to baseline grid. Click Align to baseline grid. It should snap it to the grid itself. Now, we've got to make all of the text inside of here do that.
So, I set up a paragraph style for this so it's kind of nice and easy to do. Otherwise you're going to select all the text at once and tell it to Align to baseline grid. Take a look at your Paragraph Styles in the side. You can see that we've got sidebar. The plus is telling me that something's different. It's actually aligning to the baseline grid. And what I'm going to do is come up here to the actual Paragraph Styles menu and Save. Redefine this Style, using the new Align to baseline grid. All of my text, then, should align to the baseline grid nice and neat. Now like I said, this is for individual text frame. You could do it for any text frames.
It's great for side bars, all sorts of pieces you're working on. If you didn't like the fact that it came down a bit from the top, we can control that. If I go back to my actual document Grid Settings, Command-B, Control-B, come back to Baseline Options, I could tell it, right here if you take a look, to Start at a different location. If I increase this value and we take a look I can tell it to start at a different location, like I said. Pulling it down just a bit, I can actually see that it starts just shy of the top right here, which actually looks pretty good.
So it's pulling the actual line down here, starting it from the top inset, pulling it down just a bit. Which is sort of nice to be able to do. That looks a little bit better, I think. All of our text is aligned to the grid. We do have space after out here, which is going to be affected by the grid itself. But I'm okay with that. Click OK to close Text Frame Options dialog box. And we are basically ready to go. You can save your file at this point and close it up, and we've just finished talking about baseline grids inside of a single text frame.
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