Discover the wide range of features that make OpenType fonts so flexible and creative.
- [Instructor] Of the three font formats, postscript, TrueType, and OpenType, OpenType offers the largest character set and the most interesting features. Let me show you what I mean. I'm gonna select this text here in InDesign, come up to the control panel at the far right end, where there are a lot of useful options, and I'm gonna turn on ligatures. Now, by default, ligatures are turned on in InDesign. And, what's a ligature? Well, it's a combination of letters into a single letter form and you'll know what I mean when you see this. Watch the word baffling.
See, now those three letters are combined almost as if they're one letter. Now, in truth, OpenType is not the only font format that supports ligatures, other formats do as well. But InDesign goes a step beyond with something called discretionary ligatures. When I choose that, watch what happens to the word questions. Isn't that elegant? Now, these features are possible in OpenType, they won't necessarily exist in every OpenType font that you have. But, this font, Adobe Garamond Pro Italic is rich with these sorts of things.
Now let's look at some other options. I have to tell you that this feature isn't available in every OpenType font, so if you're going to create work that involves lots of fractions, make sure you choose a font that does support this. Look how easy this is. Again, I'm just gonna come up here to my control panel, OpenType, and choose fractions, and that's how fast it happens. I don't have to make a superscript and a subscript, and fiddle with the kerning, all I have to do is just choose fractions. And let me show you kind of a fun way to do this to other pieces that need fractions.
I'll just choose my eye dropper tool. Remember, you can use it as sort of a format painter, and I'll just vacuum up that format setting, and then I can just drag across, and look, any number followed by a slash, followed by another number, that becomes a fraction. That is absolutely painless. What I'm gonna show you next is something called ordinals. Now, you might not be familiar with the term, but once you see this, you'll recognize what I'm talking about. Again, up to the control panel, OpenType, and by the way, notice this list. These are features that are possible in OpenType fonts, not all OpenType fonts are gonna support all of these features.
You can see that this font in particular does not support contextual alternates. That's why it's in brackets. But it does support ordinals. And that's an ordinal. I can use my eye dropper to paint that on other text as well. I just click in there and it vacuums up that attribute, and click and drag, click and drag, absolutely painless. The inspiration for creating OpenType was to provide support for multilingual publishing. In the past, you had to have a separate font for each language in order to support the special characters, accent marks, and so forth, that were required by that language.
Now, because you can have 65,000 characters and more within an OpenType font, there's plenty of room for such characters. This font is Minion Pro Regular. And let me show you some of the characters that are in Minion Pro Regular. I'll just go up to type, and choose glyphs. Now, a glyph is just a letter form, so it could be an a, a b, a c, a one, exclamation point, any character within the font. So far, things look, you know, pretty normal. But as I go down, you'll start to see more and more special characters. There you see a lot of really interesting ligatures.
You see some interesting alternative versions of letters. Start to see things like the copyright symbol. Now you're starting to see letters that would be used in multilingual publishing. You can see the accents, you can see the umlauts, the little dots over the letters. And as you go farther, because the font designer included these, you'll start to see characters that you would need if you were creating Greek text, or Cyrillic text.
And finally, some font designers have included ornaments in their text. Let me show you what I mean. I'm gonna go again to my glyphs panel. You can imagine with over 65,000 characters it could take you a long time to find a character that you're looking for, but you can sort of winnow through by clicking this pull down. You can see all those wonderful options. In this case I'm looking for ornaments, sometimes you'll hear them called dingbats. And there they are. All I have to do to insert an ornament is have my cursor in the text, like I do, find it in my glyphs panel, and double click.
And there you go. Hopefully this gives you some idea of what's possible with OpenType fonts. I would strongly encourage you to explore the extended features in this wonderful flexibility that's offered by OpenType on your own projects.
- Communicating with your printer
- Understanding types of printing: letterpress, sheet-fed, and more
- Handling corrections and alterations
- Attending press checks
- Understanding how color space and paper stock affect printing
- Finishing: folding, trimming, die cutting, and embossing
- Working with fonts and graphics
- Editing resolution and color in Photoshop
- Laying out print pieces in Illustrator and InDesign
- Preflighting designs
- Generating PDFs
- Refining PDFs in Adobe Acrobat
- Submitting the job