Skill Level Intermediate
- [Instructor] Welcome to Type Tips. My name is Nigel French, and in this episode I have a quick baseline grid tip for you. So I have my text, aligned to a baseline grid as indicated by the gray rules, and then I have this caption paragraph over here on the right. And I want this caption paragraph to be in sync with my body text and currently it's not. So, I'll start by aligning this to the baseline grid.
And to do that I'll come to my paragraph format of controls and align to the baseline grid. That solves one problem, but creates another, because the baseline grid increment is 20 points, and that's too large for a paragraph of this type size. So, we have another option, and that option is rather than align all of the lines to the baseline grid, we can align just the first line. I'll come to my Control Panel menu and down to Only Align First Line to Grid.
And you'll see that the first baseline is in sync with the first baseline of the body text to its left, and thereafter the letting of the caption just does its own thing. Well, we can go one step further than this to make it better. We can make every fourth line of the caption resolve with every third line of the body text. Or every third line of the caption resolve with every second line of the body text.
And here's how we do this. I'm going to select the text of the caption, come to my character formatting controls, select its current letting value, and start out with the letting value of the body text which in this case is 20, and then I'm going to multiply that by three, asterisk three. So that's going to give me three lines of body text and then divide that by four. So now on every fourth line of the caption it will resolve with every third line of the body text.
The resulting letting value in this case is 15 points. If I come to my Layers panel and turn on Layer two I've indicated with a red row every fourth line of the caption, every third line of the body text. Alternatively, I could try and have the caption resolve on every second line of the body text, and that would just be this equation. The body text letting, times two, and then divided by three.
Giving me a letting value of 13.3, and we now see that on every third line of the caption, after the first line that is, it resolves with every second line of the body text. In this case I think the letting is a bit too tight, so the first option was the preferable one. But my point being here, that if you have side by side paragraphs of different sizes then you can use only align first line and then I just, a simple calculation to determine how the lines of that caption will resolve with the body text that is by its side.