Learn about using the perspective grid for structures.
- [Instructor] A slightly more sophisticated option for adding some 3D effects into your maps is to use the perspective grid in Illustrator. Now this has a lot more power than just axonometric projection. But with that amount of power comes a much steeper learning curve. I've got some artwork just here on the left-hand side of this exercise file, and I'm going to click on the tower just here and copy that to my clipboard.
I'm then going to make the perspective grid visible which you can do either by using the shortcut Shift + Command + I, that's Shift + Control + I on Windows, or going to the View menu and coming down to Perspective Grid, and choosing to show the grid. This is the toggle just there. Okay, while I'm in this menu, something I am going to do here is this, Lock Station Point because this gives me access to a really special part of this working method.
Now you can't use your regular selection tools here inside of the perspective grid. They don't work, you need to use a different tool. However, you can draw directly on to these planes and they'll be distorted to make it look as if they're actually moving towards these vanishing points. Just to the side of my toolbox at the top here, I'm in full screen mode by the way to make it so you can see more of Illustrator, there's a little widget just here, and you can determine which plane artwork will be drawn or placed on by tapping one for the left plane, two for the ground plane, three for the right-hand plane.
And it's handy to know those little shortcuts. Okay, so what I'm going to do is get the Perspective Selection tool, and you get that by holding down Shift and tapping P, and you'll see that's here on the side of the toolbox just down towards the middle, okay, with the Perspective Plane tool here as well. And I'll just drag those out to make it easier to access them in a minute. So I've got my Perspective Selection tool, and I'm going to paste down.
And as soon as I drag this piece of artwork, it will connect with the current plane, which is the blue plane on the left-hand side. So I'm going to drag that in like so. Okay and you can do other things like copy just as you would with artwork. So if you hold down Alt or Option and drag, you can create a copy from there. But while I've got that copy and I'm still dragging, I'm going to tap three on my keyboard, and then resume holding Alt or Option, and I can drag that copy along like so.
Let's get another piece of artwork here. So what I'm going to do is temporarily to get the regular Selection tool, hold down my Command key, it will be Control on Windows, click on this turret top here, and copy that. Okay, I'm then going to paste that down and drag that with my Perspective Selection tool up to the top here so it's in line with the top of the other turret. I'm then going to hold down the five key on my keyboard, so it's the number five, and drag, because it allows me to move that perpendicular to that shape.
And you see that if I do that, I can take it to the back of the tower like so. Now it's having a fairly minimal effect at the moment 'cause you can only see a tiny part of it, but here's the thing. This is where that locking the station point becomes really, really valuable because it allows you to move the grid and it will redraw the artwork to conform to the grid. Okay, so if I click with my Perspective Plane tool just here go to the horizon line and drag that upwards, after just a moment you can see it starts to redraw that content.
Now you can see a bit more, and it's that little bit more believable. There is, of course, here by my mate, Kevin Stohlmeyer, on working with the Perspective tool that you might want to take up, it is a little bit of a learning curve, but if you get some predrawn artwork and map it onto the grid, it's fairly easy to work with and really, really impactful.
- Understanding where your map will be used
- Finding reference material
- Using symbols and masks
- Drawing roads, rivers, buildings, and other landmarks
- Adding type
- Enhancing your map
- Adding interactivity and animation