In this video, Mandy Huth reviews Article 28 of the GDPR. Learn about the primary responsibilities of a data processor, such as security measures, subprocessors, model clauses, and the scope of the data.
- [Instructor] GDPR has 99 articles. Article 28 is important to understand because it outlines the specific tasks a data processor is responsible for in that role. There are four primary responsibilities outlined in article 28. The first is to implement security measures. How this is implemented depends on the nature of the data and how it is being handled. These can be technical measures or they can be process based. Next, is the use of subprocessors.
This happens when a processor outsources some part or all of the data processing to a third party. A subprocessor is bound by the same data protection obligations set out in the processors contract with the controller. The explicit consent of the controller is required in order to be lawful. Further, an additional contract is put in place for subprocessors with the appropriate clauses that apply. The third tenant is that the processor must ensure there is a contract in place with the controller.
Some components to include in the contract should be whose data is being processed, categories of data subjects, which data is included, what is it, and how is it being used? The contract should additionally list out the responsibilities of both the controller and the processor. A model clause is a contract between two organizations that outline the roles and responsibilities of each. In the model clause contracts there are often addendums that outline these responsibilities and they are most often used for the measures.
One can locate an example of a model clause online by searching for templates. Finally, the processor must ensure they only process in scope data. They should have records of their processing activity and logs to review. These logs can be used as evidence in case of an audit. It's important to note that the processor can be considered accountable, just like the data controller if they violate any of these responsibilities.
These four tenants are the core responsibilities of a data processor.
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- Define the objectives of GDPR relating to the personal privacy of citizens.
- Determine the responsibilities of data protection officers under GDPR.
- Identify the rights of citizens in the event of a data breach.
- Review the steps that must be taken in the event of a data breach.
- Describe the notification process in the event of a data breach.