Join Shea Hanson for an in-depth discussion in this video Overview of instructional design, part of Instructional Design Essentials: Models of ID.
Before we begin looking at instructional design models, let's first define Instructional Design. My favorite definition comes from the Education Department at the University of Michigan. The definition states, Instructional Design is the systematic development of instructional specifications using learning instructional theory to insure the quality of instruction. It is the entire process of analysis of learning needs and goals and the development of a delivery system to meet those needs. It includes the development of instructional materials and activities, and try out and evaluation of all instruction and learner activities.
Now, let's unpack this and take a look at some of the key parts of this definition. First, Instructional Design requires an understanding of learning theories. While we won't go over learning theories in this course, it's important to understand the basics of why we teach a certain way and how people learn. Next, analyzing your audience and their needs. All training should start with analyzing the audience needs so you can tailor the training to meet those needs. And designing a way to meet the needs. Instructional design models create a framework for building the training.
Finally, implementing quality training. Instructional Design doesn't only focus on building the instruction, it also incorporates the best way to deliver the learning. Instructional Design Models are frameworks for developing training. They outline the stages, or the process you should take to create the training, and offer guidance as you move through the development process. Now, you don't need to have any previous knowledge of Instructional Design before watching this course. I'll outline the basics of each model, and talk about how to apply them to your training development.
I've also included some helpful resources for you to find out more information.