Join Shea Hanson for an in-depth discussion in this video Overview of the ADDIE model, part of Instructional Design: Models of ID (2014).
One of the most widely used Instructional Design models is ADDIE. In this movie, I'll go over the five stages that make up the ADDIE model. The stages include Analyze, Design, Develop, Implement and Evaluate. Let's take a look at each of these. First we have the Analyze stage. In this first stage, you'll clarify the problem that needs to be solved. You'll define your audience, ask yourself questions like, who is the learner? What do they already know? What are their biases? And so on.
Next you'll clarify your goals and objectives. You may have over-arching goals that allign your training to a business objective. You should also have specific goals and learning objectives. Ask yourself, what should the learner know after they've completed the training? And you'll identify any logistics, including your timeline, budget and scope, and also the delivery method or learning environment, which is how and where you'll be giving the training. Next we move on to the design stage. You'll design the structure and duration of your training, and create learning objectives for those different modules or sections.
You'll plan any exercises or assessments that will go along with your content. And depending on how you'll deliver the training, you may create storyboards, or a prototype, and design things like the interface, user experience or any graphic design elements. Next we move to the Develop stage, where you create the training program. Depending on your project, you may be working with programmers, developers, authors or editors in this stage. You'll also create any of the deliverables, like the course guides or assessment tools here.
In the Implement stage, your training is delivered. The project manager should make sure that any resources are issued in this phase so that the training can be completed. For example, if you're delivering training face to face, your trainer may need a script or a facilitator guide. And if you're delivering the training online, you'll need to make sure your website is up and running and accessible. You'll also need to remember to give your students instructions on how to access your training. Any students assessments or feedback form should be handed out in this phase, which you'll analyze in the last step.
Finally, we have Evaluate. In this phase, you and your team should evaluate two different areas. The process and the training outcomes. First, review each stage of the ADDIE process. What was successful and what wasn't? To evaluate the training, use the assessments you delivered or another indicator of achievement. Did your students meet the learning objectives that you set in the Design stage? Did you meet the overall goals you set in the Analyze stage? Your evaluation should directly impact your future projects, or future iterations of your current project.
So even asking basic questions like, what went well, what didn't and what can we do better, is an important part of this last stage that can help you improve over time. Now, depending on your organization, you may need to get approval for one or possibly all of these steps. For example, if you created a prototype in the Design stage, you'll need to get stakeholder sign-off before moving to the Develop stage. And one final note about the ADDIE model. The Analyze, Design, Develop, Implement and Evaluate stages all build on each other.
This model is not always linear, and each of these stages may look different depending on you, your project and your team.