Learn how to move, align, and distribute graphic objects on a page using the graphics tools available for precision spacing and alignment of selected objects on a page.
- [Instructor] Up until now, the shapes and the lines that we've drawn in our furniture catalog file here have been done by eye. In other words, we've kind of eyeballed exactly where to place those items in alignment with other items on our page, and size them as well, but there are a number of tools to help us with precision. Most often, you're going to want to be precise with your measurements, your alignments, your spacing, and we have a number of tools here in FrameMaker to help us with that. You can see, we have our graphic image, our logo inside the empty square that we created.
It's not perfectly aligned, but we have some tools to help us with that. Let's start by going to the edge of our rectangle. Just give it a click. Hold down your Shift key and go to the bottom right-hand corner on that handle, and while holding down Shift, just click and drag it out, make it a little bit bigger. Now it's definitely not centered. You can see that the image, we would have to click and drag it to try and center it perfectly. Or we can use some tools. So with the logo selected, hold down your Shift key and click the border, or the empty rectangle we created, so both objects are selected.
Now, we're going to align them using some alignment tools. You find them under the Graphics menu. From here, we'll go down to Arrange. And from the popup menu, you're going to look for Align. Give it a click, there we go. This allows us to align things vertically and horizontally. So we could align vertically the tops of these two, that doesn't make sense. Maybe centered would be better. Align vertically, you can see right here in the middle, we'll do that. We can also align their bottoms, but no, we want to align vertically through the center.
And then we have the same options for horizontal. Left, center, and right. So let's choose the center, or align horizontally, with those two selected, clicking OK means they'll both be perfectly aligned and our logo is centered perfectly inside the rectangle we drew. Just click off to the edge to deselect to see what that looks like, very nice. Now there's some tools to help us with spacing and alignment, like we just did, in a different way. Let's add some graphics here. We'll just click and drag so we can see underneath our logo here.
Let's add a rectangle. We'll go up to the rectangle tool. If you're not seeing the graphics tools, remember, click Graphics and select Tools from here. Once we click the rectangle tool, we'll hold down our Shift key to create a perfect square. And as you click and drag, you'll notice the measurements down on the bottom left-hand corner. Let's get it around a quarter inch, so 0.25 for the width, 0.25 for the height, and release your mouse first. And you're going to see the default settings here. We got that nice blue color around the outside, and we can go up here to our shading if we want to choose different shadings.
You can see what's selected there, you can see solid. I think a nice, light shading will work best, though. Let's go with this one here, pattern six. And now, let's get some copies. Let's say we want five of these strung across the bottom, centered perfectly. Well, we'll copy it by going up to the Copy button or using the keyboard shortcut, Ctrl + C. And then paste it four times. I'm going to click the Paste button, Ctrl + V is your keyboard shortcut, to get four additional ones, for a total of five. Now if we wanted to, we could try to move these around using our eyes.
Click and drag. We want one in the center here, for sure. One in between those two. Another one here. And our first one over here on the left. Obviously, these are not perfectly aligned and they're not perfectly spaced. But we can get help with that using some graphics tools. Hold down your Shift key and select all five squares so they all have handles around the outside. And let's go up to Graphics, down to Arrange, and we'll start with aligning them.
Click Align. This time, it would make sense if we aligned vertically either their tops or their bottoms. Let's choose align bottom, and click OK. You can see what happens now, they're perfectly aligned across the bottom. Because they're all the same size, they're perfectly aligned at the top as well. So we could've chosen that. But they're not perfectly spaced. So let's space them out properly by going back to Graphics, down to Arrange. This time, we're going to go to Distribute.
Select that, and you can see we have a Distribute tab showing up here in this pod. Now we can move this around, just like we did with the others. We can anchor them if we want. We're only going to be using it temporarily. We'll just leave it floating as it is. And you can see the horizontal spacing can be used. Equidistant, for example, from the edges. We also have vertical spacing, which we don't have to worry about. We're not spacing them vertically, it's across. So let's go with equidistant from their edges. That means the first one and the last one will be used, and I'll stay in position.
The three in the middle will be spaced perfectly when we click Distribute. There we go. Now we can close this up because it's no longer needed. Click in the background to see that they are perfectly spaced. Maybe not perfectly aligned with our other objects above, but to help us with that, we should probably group these objects so we have a group of squares and we have our logo and our rectangle grouped together as their own objects that can be aligned, and we'll do that next.
- Touring the user interface
- Customizing your workspace
- Using templates to create new documents
- Formatting documents
- Creating custom documents
- Adjusting frames for graphics
- Editing documents
- Working with tables
- Using footnotes and cross-references
- Formatting a table of contents
- Working with indexes, conditional text, and hyperlinks