Join Rick Schmunk for an in-depth discussion in this video Entering drum-set parts, part of Finale 2014 Essential Training.
When notating drum set parts, you want to know how to notate basic patterns, indicate where you want fills and show where the drummer should play on Samba rhythms. Lets take a look at some of the different options available in Finale for notating drum parts. So, I've opened up the 10_02 drum part start file, and the 10_02 drumset parts example files, and I've tiled them, and they're both in Page view. And I'm going to get started here by entering some notes, so I'm going to go to the Simple Entry tool, and that's dropped me into that first measure.
And I'm already on the hi-hat line. So, what I'm going to do is, since I'm on that space, I can just hit my Return key to enter that note. And I am actually going to need eight of those. So, let's hit that eight times. And then I am going to arrow back over to the first one, so I can add the kick and snare parts. So, to add an interval below that, you hold the Shift key down and type the number of the interval. For the kick drum in this case, it's going to be Shift+9. And then I'll arrow over two notes and I'll go Shift+5 for the snare. And one note and go Shift+9 and then Shift+9 again.
And over two, Shift+5, and over one, Shift+9. So, that's pretty quick. Now, most of the time drummers will actually stem this from the top side. So, I'm going to flip the beam on this, and go back over to the first note by using my left arrow to move over there. And then I'm going to press the L key on my computer keyboard to flip the stem the opposite direction. And then I'll go over to the next group and I'll press L on that first note as well. And then I'll move over and I'll add some more notes in the second measure.
Now, I've notated exactly the same drum part in the second measure. But it's just notated a little bit differently. Sometimes drummers call this one hands up and feet down, to indicate the direction of the stems. So, I'm going to go ahead, and in layer one, I'm going to add the notes that the drummer would play with their hands. So, again I'm on the hi hat space, so I'm just going to hit my Return key couple times and before I add the next note, I'll go Shift+5 real quick and then Enter, Enter, Enter, Shift+5 and Enter, Enter to add that.
Now, before I go on, I'm going to go back and I'm going to go into layer 2 to add the bass drum notes. So, I'll go down here to the lower corner of the document. And I'll click the layer button and that would be buttons 1, 2, 3 and 4 on a PC. Here we get a pop up menu and I'll choose layer 2 and now I'm going to put my cursor in that second bar and then I'm going to have to arrow down, actually shift down arrow won't actually take me in octave because we're going to go through each different note as we move here.
But once I get down to the liner space where I want to add that kick drum, now I can change my value and I can either type in F in this case on my keyboard, or I can hit my Return keys since I'm already on the right space. So, I'll do that. I'll type a four for an eighth note and zero for a rest. And then Return again. And then five for a quarter note. Enter and then I'll leave it on that quarter note this time and I'll hit zero to enter a quarter note rest. And that pops me into the next bar.
And we can see that this one yet is a little bit different. So, this time we're going to have symbols up. And we're going to have drums down. So, I'll go back to layer one, click my layer pop up menu, go to layer one. I'm going to arrow up to the top of the staff, change my value an 8th note, and now I can quickly add in 8 8th notes by hitting my Return key. Then, I can go back to layer two. I'll click the Layer button. Choose layer two.
I'll arrow over there to the beginning of that measure, and I'll get my cursor a little bit closer to where I need to go. And this time, I'll do it using the letters on my computer keyboard. So, I'll type F to get the kick drum. Remember, even though drummers would use the base cliff names for the spaces and lines. Finale actually has got this mapped to the notes as if they're in the treble clef and I'm going to need an 8th note on the snare. So, I'm going to arrow up just a little bit to get closer, then I'll type a C, then I'll arrow down a little bit, F again and I'm arrowing because I want to make sure that these come in in the right octave.
And then I'll go five, four. A quarter note and press my F, head back to four for an 8th note, arrow up a little bit and now C, couple down, and then F and I've got that. Actually it looks like I made a mistake there. I'm going to go back over there and I'm going to hit my Delete key to get rid of that note. And then I'm going to press Option+5, that will Alt+5 on a PC, to change the value of that back to a quarter note. Okay, looks like we got it. Now, I'm going to hit my Esc key to go to the Selection tool, and now if I want, I can just grab that third bar there, and I could either copy and paste that, or I can just click and drag to do that, but let's go Cmd+C, that be Ctrl+C on a PC, and then I'll go Cmd+V, that would be Ctrl+V on a PC to paste that.
So, we can also add articulations to drum set parts, so I am going to go to the Articulation tool, and I'm going to click that last note at the end of the bar. Do that one more time, I'll, you know, it's doing that because I'm in the wrong layer. So, that's a good lesson. I'm going to drop down and I'm going to click the layer pop up and go to layer one, and now when I go up and point at that and click once, it'll open that dialog. And I can scroll down and see if I can't find where that open sign is.
Looks like it's right there on slot 21 and it's got a metatool assigned to it of O. So, I'll remember that, and I'll click and I'll select that to assign that to the score, for some reason it came in on the kick drum note, so I'll drag it up where it needs to go. And this time I'll go over to the end of the next bar and I'm going to hold down my letter O key, and click the hi hat there, and I can quickly add that to these other measures. So, after you've indicated a pattern, you really want to get away from notating the drum part.
The drummer will get an idea of the pattern that you want, and they'll continue to play that. So, we can do things like we see down here on the second line in the example part where we just have slashes. Now, those slashes are added through something that's called a staff style. So, I'm going to go to the Staff tool, which is the treble clef sign, and I'm going to Shift+Click those four bars, and then I can apply that style a couple of different ways. I can go up to the Staff menu and I can come down here and I can choose Apply Staff Style To > Score and Parts.
Click that and now I've got this list of them that I can see that are right there. By the way, notice these letters or numbers that are in parenthesis, those are metatools again. We'll do that in just a second. So I'm going to cancel out of there and show you another way I could have done that. With the Staff tool selected, I can just right click on my selection and I see that same list right here in the contextual menu. So, if I want slash notation, I can just choose it there. I'm going to Undo that one more time.
Because with that selected and the Staff tool selected, I can use the metatool, which in this case would just be the letter S to add that. So, it's really, really fast. Now, another staff style is the two bar repeat that you see down there. So, I'm going to select those two bars and again I could right click. And I could go down and find Two Bar Repeat. And here it is, number eight. But I want to point out that I can also do this from the Selection tool. So I'm going to hit Esc once to go to the Selection tool.
I'm going to Right Click again, and I'm going to go down to Staff Style on the Contextual menu and choose Apply Staff Style. And again, here's that same list we saw a minute ago. And I can scroll down and find number 8. And I can click OK and add that to the score. Now, in the next few bars, we see some some ways that we can add fills into a score. Let me scroll both of these documents so we've got some space. So, first of all, I'm going to enter the notes that we see here in this bar up in this one.
So, I'm going to go to my Simple Entry tool and I'll Option+Click in that bar to set my cursor. That would be Ctrl+Click on a PC. And then I'm going to hit six, and then I'm going to hit zero to just enter in a half rest. Then I'll go four and hit zero to enter in an eighth rest. And then I'm going to arrow Up. And I'm just going to get my cursor on the right space or line and hit Return to enter those three notes. I'm going to hit my Esc key to go to the Selection tool. And I'm going to copy that measure over to the next one.
And now I'm going to add staff styles to both those measures. So, sometimes when you write a drum fill you actually want to write the specific notes that you want and the specific rhythm. So, in this first example here, all I'm going to do is select that half rest and then, through the Selection tool or through the Staff tool, I'm going to add the slashes for staff style. And, if you remember, the metatool is S. So, I will press S and that turns those first two beats into slashes. Now, I am going to do the same thing in the next measure, so I'll highlight the half note and select the partial measure and again, you can either press the S for the metatool for that staff style or you can right click, and I'll go in and just choose Slash Notation from the menu there.
Now, at the end of this bar, I still want a beat and a half fill, but I really don't care what drums they hit. So, instead of having actual notes, I'm going to turn those three notes into what we refer to as rhythmic notation. So, I'll drag select those, and now I'm going to right click and I'll go into this Staff Style menu here and I'm going to choose Rhythmic Notation, and it turns those three just into slash note heads with the beams. Now, one more way that we can enter that fill, is to just put slashes in the measure.
And then put a text entry in there to say, hey somewhere near the end of this bar I just want the drummer to play a fill. So, I'll select that measure, I'll right click and I'll choose Slash Notation. Now, the next thing I'm going to need to do is I'm going to need to add a text node notation here. So, I'm going to go up to the Text tool. And I'll go towards the end of that bar. I'll double click, and I'm going to type the word, fill. And I'll remember that to enter that text block or to enter this text, I'll just click outside of the text block.
And now we see the word fill. Now, I want to point out again the difference in the color in the text that you see in the area that I'm working in and that in the example. The one in the example is red because that is a measure aligned text block. So, I'm going to go up to the area where I'm working and I'm going to right click on the positioning handle and I'm going to choose Edit Frame Attributes. And I'm going to say no, I don't want that to attach to the page, I want to attach it to the measure. So, if I end up moving that measure to another line, the text will flow with it.
So I'll choose Measure and I'm going to type in measure 13 so it aligns there and I"ll click OK. Now you notice it's red and I can drag and position that where I want it. Now all I need to do is add this dotted line at the end. So, I'll go to the Smart Shape tool and I'll find that on the palette. Looks like it's already selected. And now I can just double click and drag out to add that. And once I've got that in there, I can adjust the length of that by dragging on the handles on either end of that smart shape.
Now, I'll hit my Esc key, it looks like I'm doing pretty good. Let's see if I forgot anything. Looks like up here at measure 5, I forgot that other text indication. So, go back to the Text Tool, double click there, going to type in simile, meaning I want the drummer to continue to play the same kind of pattern. And I'll click outside the text box to enter that. And then, again, I'm going to right click on that, choose Edit Frame Attributes, click Measure, and type five to put that into measure five.
And then I'll have to drag that and align where I want that when I finish. So, as you can see, layers and staff styles are a big help in notating effective drum set parts. And many of these same techniques can also be applied to other rhythm section parts.
- Creating and opening Finale scores
- Entering and editing notes
- Copying and pasting selections
- Adding lyrics and chord symbols
- Notating music on the grand staff
- Using layers to notate polyphonic music
- Recording notes in real-time
- Working with small and large scores
- Creating and customizing expressions
- Exporting scores
- Scanning music
- Adding audio and video to Finale scores