Join Rick Schmunk for an in-depth discussion in this video Drum set parts, part of Finale 2012 Essential Training.
When notating drum set parts, you want to indicate just enough so that it's obvious what is needed and leave the rest up to the drummer. These kinds of parts are simple and lean, but usually result in the best performances. Let's take a look at some of the different options available in Finale for notating from drum set parts. So if you would, please open both of the files that are in the 09_02 folder and tile and arrange them as we've done in past videos. Now, I am going to enter some notes in the drum part. So I am going to choose the Simple Entry tool and again I am going to use my Arrow key to go up to the line or space where I want to enter a note and I am going to enter the eighth notes with a hi-hat to start off with.
I am going to go back and add the rest of the notes. So I will arrow back over using my left- arrow and now remember that you can use the Shift key to add an interval below that and then a number. So I am going to type Shift+9 on the QWERTY area of the keyboard to add a ninth below that hi-hat. Then, I will arrow over, and I will go Shift+5 to add the C or the snare drum and then I'll move over, Shift+9, Shift+9 again; Shift+5, and again Shift+9.
Now you will notice if you look up in the example part that the stems are going up. So we can do that easily just by pressing the L key to flip the stems. I will need to do that twice. Now, in the next measure I've actually got the exact same pattern, but you will notice that it looks a little bit different. So in this one, anything that's played with the hands is in Layer 1 and stemmed up and anything that's played with the feet is in Layer 2 and stemmed down. So again, I am going to go ahead and put in those same eighth notes.
So I will type G for all those eighth notes, and I am going to arrow back over and on Beat 2, I am going to go Shift+ 5 to add-in the snare drum part, and I will go over to Beat 4 and do the same thing; Shift+5 again. Now, I want to go into Layer 2. So if you're on a Mac, you can click the Layer button down here and on a PC, it looks a little bit different, there are just numbers down there; 1, 2, 3, and 4. So I am going to go into Layer 2 and now I am going to arrow back to the beginning of that measure, and then use my down-arrow to get down to that bottom line, and I am going to put in a quarter note, so I will press 5, and then hit the Return key or the letter F to put that in.
Now, I will do 4 and 0 for a rest, and then Enter to enter a eighth note, then back to 5, Enter again, 4, 0 for the rest and then Enter to add another eighth note. That looks like I did a little bit different that time. Let me back up and I will just use my Delete key to erase that, and then I will erase that rest, and now I will put-in a 5 and a 0 to put-in that quarter note rest. So that's number two way of entering a drum set part.
In the third bar, you'll see something that's a little different. This time, I've got the hi-hat stemmed up and I've got the kick drum and the snare stemmed down. So I will go back to layer 1, use my Arrow key to get up to the top staff, 4 for an eighth note, and either hit your Return key or the letter G and I can add those notes in. Now I will arrow back over to the beginning of that measure. I'll go back to Layer 2. Then, I will arrow down to the kick drum, type a 5 and hit Return or F to enter that.
Then up to the snare part, that's going to be a 4 for an eighth note, Return, back down to the F, Return, 5 for the quarter note, Return to enter the note, and then arrow back up and I am already on a quarter note. So I will hit Return, and I've got that part done. Now I will switch back to Layer 1. Now, we can copy and paste drum parts the same way we do anything else. So if I hit my Esc key twice, I'll choose the Selection Tool and now all I need to do is click a measure, and then drag- and-drop that where I want it to go and I am going to weight for that green outline to appear, so it's aligning perfectly with the measure, let go, and I am done.
Now, there are three ways that you can notate a drum set part. But, after you've notated a couple of bars of the drum set part, we are not going to want to continue, because that's going to get very busy for the drummer to read. So let's do something else. I am going to scroll down, so that I can see the next measure here and I've already established this part. So there is a couple of different ways that I can tell the drummer just to continue plying. First of all, I am going to select the next measure, and then I am going to choose the Staff Tool. Now, if I right-click on there, I see a whole list of things that are called Staff Styles.
If I choose the first one, Slash Notation, it just enters slashes into the measure. So we might do that. By the way, you can do this for a range. I could select this whole line, do the same thing, and click, and we've immediately got Slash Notation. So at this point, you're probably going to want to indicate to the drummer that they want to continue the same pattern in some way, and usually we'll do that by using the term simile. So we could either create an expression using Expression Tool or we could create a text block on that.
For example, if I use the Text Tool, and click, I can type Simile and then I am going to want to click out of there to finish that, and then I am going to right-click on that, I am going to Edit the Frame Attributes to make sure that it's assigned to that measure. So I will choose Measure and Measure 5 in this case and notice that it formats it more like a measure attached text item. This way then, if I move that measure around, that's not going to get lost. So now I will scroll down a little bit further, and let's do yet another Staff Style. Now, once you've established that pattern, another thing that you can do would be to choose the Staff Tool, click a couple of measures, then right-click on there, and this time, I could choose Two -Bar Repeat and that's just indicating repeat that pattern that was in the last two bars.
At some point, you are probably going to want to be able to notate fills as well. We can do that a couple of different ways. For example, you might want to indicate an exact fill. So I am going to go back, and I am going to choose my Simple Entry Tool. I am going to Option+Click in this measure to put my cursor there, and I am going to add a little fill at end of the measure. So I am going to type a 6 and put-in a half rest. I will type 0, and then I will type 4 and 0 to enter an eight rest. Now I might do something where I'm going to use some toms.
So I will go up to that staff and I will hit my Return key to enter that tom, and then I might go down. Let's put one on the snare, and let's go down and let's hit the floor tom. Now, I entered that in Layer 2 and I am going to fix that real quick. It doesn't really make a difference, but it's a good idea to leave everything in Layer 1 that you intend to be there. So I've selected that, I am going to right-click, and I am going to choose Move/Copy Layers and I am going to click Contents of Layer 2 into Layer 1 and OK.
I will make sure I am in Layer 1 and we are good. Now what I want to do is I'm going to indicate slashes for the first part of this measure, and then we've got this little fill. So I will go back to the Staff Tool and I am going to Drag+Select just that half note. Now, I can right-click on that and choose Slash Notation, and I'm going to go to the Selection Tool and copy that and paste this over to the next measure, and what I am going to do this time is I'm going to select the entire measure, and select the Staff Tool again.
What I want to do is I want to use rhythmic notation to indicate these last three notes here as just a Slash notehead and let the drummer decide what note to play. So I am going to do this in two pieces. I'll select the first half of the measure, right-click, and I am going to choose Slash Notation, and then I will select these last three notes, right-click, and I'll choose Rhythmic Notation. And in this way, the drummer knows that they need to play those rhythms, but they can actually choose the drums. Then, the last way that you might do this is even more ambiguous.
I'll choose the Staff Tool, click this measure, and I am going to add Slash Notation. Then, I am going to go to the Smart Shape Tool and I am going to choose this dotted line shape with the down end on it. I am going to double-click and drag over and then I am going to put a text marking in there to say Fill. So I will type Fill, click out, position that where I want it, right-click, choose Edit Frame Attributes, and assign that to the measure which in this case is 13, click OK.
Now, I can drag-and-drop that where I want it go. Now, what this tells the drummer is at this point, they can play whatever they want in terms of what they're hearing in the music, and they need to fill those two beats going into the next bar line. As you can see Layers and Staff Styles are a big help in notating effective drum set parts, and many of these same techniques can also be applied to the other rhythm section parts.
- Setting up the hardware and software
- Creating a Finale score document
- Importing files
- Viewing and navigating documents
- Entering and editing notes with the mouse, keyboard, and real or virtual instruments
- Understanding measuring basics and music spacing
- Adding lyrics
- Notating music on a grand staff
- Notating choral music with layers
- Notating for guitar, including tablature and Smart Shapes
- Recording in real time
- Adding expressions and articulations
- Formatting scores
- Printing scores
- Exporting documents