Join Rick Schmunk for an in-depth discussion in this video Adding lyrics, part of Finale 2014 Essential Training.
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Any score that has a vocal part will need lyrics. Adding lyrics and getting the spacing right in handwritten scores was always a real pain. But in Finale, it's easy. So, we can add lyrics using the lyric tool, which is the one that looks like an ink well with an old-fashioned quill pen there. So, I'll select that, and to begin adding lyrics, I'll just click select the first note. And, notice that the cursor starts blinking below that. And, it's ready for me to start typing the lyrics. So, I'll type in the word O, then I'll hit the space bar to go the next word, and I'll type a Dan.
And then, because this word is broken over two notes, I'm going to hit my hyphen key, and I'll type ny. And, when I hit the space to go to the next note, you'll notice that it adds the hyphen between the words and re-spaces the music accordingly. I'll type BOY comma, and just let me type the next few lyrics. So, THE PIPES THE PIPES ARE. And each time, I was moving to the next word by using the space bar. And again, I have another word that's going to be broken across multiple nodes.
So, I'll type the first syllable, which is CAL, and then I'm going to hit my hyphen key, and then I'll hit it again to get to the third note. And I'll type ING, and when I hit my space bar, and adds the hyphen in there and re-spaces the music. If you need to edit the lyrics, because you've made a mistake, you can simply use your left arrow to move backwards, and you can see as I'm doing that, it's moving backwards or, the right arrow to move forwards. Or, if you want, you can take your cursor and you can click on a note, or you can just click directly on a word to get there.
And it looks like I need to make one adjustment to the last thing I typed there. I need a comma at the end of that. So I'll select that and I'll hit my right arrow to have it move to the end of the word. Type the comma and then hit space bar to get to the next note. Now I'll let you continue to add to the first verse. But I am going to add the second verse at this point. Now there is a couple of different ways that we can do that. I can go up to the Lyric menu, and I can choose Specify Current Lyric here from the menu. And I can see that I'm in the Verse right now, and I'm in Number 1.
If I type 2, notice that it drops my cursor down, and I'm in the second verse. Another way that you can do that, is to click, select a note, where you want to start typing. And then just use the up arrow or the down arrow to move to the verse or chorus that you need to be on. I use the up arrow, now I'm in the first verse. I use the down array, now I'm back in the second verse. And I can continue to type my lyrics. BUT WHEN YE COME ALL.
And again, I get to the last word in that phrase, and I've got a word broken across multiple notes. So I'll type, DY hyphen, hyphen to get to the last note there. ING and comma to move to the next note. Now, sometimes you'll type a word that actually goes across multiple words and there's only one syllable. So let's go to the next note and I'm just going to type the word BOY. And I'm going to hit my space bar, take it to the next note, to the next note, to the next note and now, I'll add the next word.
I'll just type the word THE. Now, you'll notice that I ended up with this little red line here, that extended from the word, and that's called a word extension. Now if you want you can edit the length of those. So if I go up to Lyrics and come down to Edit Words Extensions, you'll notice that I get a handle on any of these word extensions, and I can actually click on that handle and I can shorten it or lengthen it as necessary. Now if I want to go back to typing or editing lyrics. I'll need to go up to the Lyrics menu and choose Type into Score.
It can actually only be in one mode at a time. So I'll go back in to Type into Score. And at this point what I want to do is I want to skip ahead, so I'll let you enter the notes in the rest of your score, but I'm going to go down to the lyrics example and I'm going to select that. I'm going to hit the maximize button. And then I'm going to go back into Page View, and I'll do that by going to the View menu and choosing Page View. You notice that we've got a few problems here, and we've got some lyrics that are on top of each other. When the lyric tool is selected, if you just click into the staff.
You'll get these four triangles that appear over on the left. The triangle that's on the farthest left allows us to set the lyric base line for the entire lyric for whatever verse you're on. So if I click that far-left triangle and drag down, you'll notice that it is currently selecting and moving the base line for verse one. If I want to do this on verse two, I just need to click on a note and use my arrow key to get down into that verse. And now I can click that triangle on the far left.
And when I move that I'm moving the base line for the second verse. And I'll bring that down, so that's a little bit better. Now if you need to do this for a single line. And you can see on the second line I've got a few problems. We'll move the triangle, second from the right. So, I'll click into the second line, and now I'll take the triangle, second from the right, and I can move that up, and I can start to set the spacing for the lyrics there. Let's go down to the third line and do the same thing. So, you may need to go through line by line to get the lyrics looking good, but as you can see, once we do that this'll all look pretty darn good.
Now, you may or may not want to number the lyrics that you have, so I've got verse one and verse two. If you want Finale will automatically number those, so that we can see the verse numbers. And I'll do that by going to the Lyrics menu and down to the bottom and saying Auto Number. And since these lyrics were typed into the verse section, I'll go ahead and click Verses, and you notice that we automatically get the 1 and 2. If you want to disable that, you can go back to the Lyric menu > Auto-Number and just check again to get rid of it.
At times you may want to adjust the spacing for individual words within the lyrics. If you go up to the lyric menu, and choose Adjust Syllables, you know so we get handles on each and every syllable and word in the lyrics. If you click select one of those, you can drag it right or left, to change where it's at. And I don't suggest that you do that. Because, usually, when we're trying to adjust the syllables, we're trying to do it a small amount. And you actually want everything to end up on the same line.
So, it's very hard to do that by dragging. So I'm going to right click on that word and I'm going to choose the option, Clear Manual Positioning. And now, after I've selected that, I can use my left and right arrows to nudge that word where I want it to go. I can also right-click on that, and from the contextual menu, you can say, hey, you want that to align to the center, or you want it to Justify Center, Align Left or right, whatever you want to do. And you can do that to multiple words. For example, I could select all the stuff there, and I can right-click on any one of those, and I can say Align Center, and they all adjust.
Again, if you want to get rid of that, you can either undo that or you can right-click on one of the handles and you can choose Clear Manual Positioning. Okay, last thing I'm going to do is, I'm going to escape out of here to get to the selection tool. And I'm going to select everything by going Cmd+A. And just so we can see all of the lines, I'm going to go Cmd+minus to zoom back out. And the last thing I want to do is, I want to use a plug-in, and that's something that we haven't done yet. So plug-in is a little utility that's going to apply a function to your selection.
So what I want to do here is, any place that I've got a word broken between multiple notes. I want to add a slur, or what's called a melisma. And so I'm going to go upto the Plug-ins menu, and choose Lyrics, and then I'm going to choose Auto Slur Melismas. So this little plug-in is going to analyze the lyrics here and the notes in the score. And that's going to determine the place that any of those slur melismas need to appear. So I'll click that. It analyzes it. It tells me that there's going to be 6 of them.
I'll click OK. And now you can notice, we get these at calling, and falling, and so on and so forth. So now that you know how easy it is to add lyrics. All of your lead sheets and vocal parts will be complete.
- Creating and opening Finale scores
- Entering and editing notes
- Copying and pasting selections
- Adding lyrics and chord symbols
- Notating music on the grand staff
- Using layers to notate polyphonic music
- Recording notes in real-time
- Working with small and large scores
- Creating and customizing expressions
- Exporting scores
- Scanning music
- Adding audio and video to Finale scores