Join Nick Harauz for an in-depth discussion in this video Video roles in FCP X, part of Final Cut Pro X Weekly.
- [Nick] Hi, welcome to Final Cut Pro X Weekly. I'm Nick, and Jeff's not here this week. - [Jeff] Yeah, I'm not here. - [Nick] I'm going to talk to you about how and why to use roles in Final Cut Pro X, and the focus is on Video roles, as we're going to have another movie later down the line completely about how to use audio roles and all the amazing changes with them in Final Cut Pro 10.3. So first of all, if you're new to roles, roles can be a great organizational tool inside of Final Cut Pro X, and some of the key concepts we're going to cover about roles is to see the default video role assignments assigned to clips within your timeline, as well as within the browser.
We're going to then be able to create our own roles and use them to differentiate between different categories of shots in a timeline. Say you wanted to know what all your stills were, or the motion graphic elements. We can easily assign them to roles and be able to find where they exist within your project timeline. We're going to see how we can use this to turn on and off specific roles, and then see the flexibility of roles on export, where we can use it to trigger multi-language deliverables, IE let's say a French version and an English version, by simply creating subroles from existing title role.
Let's hop into Final Cut Pro X and see what this is all about. So I'm in here in Final Cut Pro X and I have a project open in my timeline. And this actually comes from a documentary film I worked on several years backed called "My Father and the Men in Black." What I'd like to show you is that there is a default color assigned to video clips in my timeline. You can see that it's blue, and the titles that I have over here have this purple color. And those colors reflect the default role assignments for video. Audio, you can see, has also different colors, but we're going to cover that in a different movie.
Now to see these two different roles, what we can do is go to the timeline index. This little index over here on the top left-hand corner. You'll see that there's three sections down here, and I'm going to click on the roles tab. I can see here that the title roles is currently selected, so I can see the two titles showing. And if I click on the video roles tab, all the video in my timeline also becomes selected. So if I draw your attention over here on this top clip, this is an actual JPEG or still of the Johnny Cash photo in the upper-right hand corner.
Same thing with the still over here. So I want to create a new role to select these stills independently. One way that I can do that from the timeline index is press this edit roles button. Here I can see all the video roles currently assigned clips. And what I'd like to do is actually create a brand new role. So I'm going to click on his plus icon, and instead of having this role as a title, let's call it stills. And once I do, I'm going to click on apply. Now what's happened is I created an actual video role, however I haven't assigned anything to that video role.
So what I'd like to do is actually select both of the JPEGs in my timeline and to assign this to the stills video role, I'm going to go to the modify menu, and from here I'm going to assign a new video role called stills. So once I do this, notice that the color of those two stills changes. In my roles tab, I have a new stills role, and they are assigned to it. Now the best part is I can tale this role now, and if I wanted to, I can take this button, I can turn them off. So imagine if you had 30 stills in your timeline and you just needed to become familiar with them.
They all have a color coding to them. They're all assigned to the stills role, and you can easily turn it off to see the visibility of them within your timeline. Now on top of this, I want to draw your attention up here to the top-right corner of the timeline, which is the clip appearance. If you click on here, one option besides being able to change the height of your clips and to be able to show audio wave forms, is the ability to show the clip roles that are assigned as part of the name on your clip. So if I click on clip roles here, notice that those stills that I just created shows the name.
I can see that also for my video clips here as well. So one other things about roles that I'd like to talk to you about this week is the idea where I have two titles in my timeline. I've actually turned one off, and I'm going to enable that really quickly by pressing the V key to enable that clip, and I'm going to select the lower title and press V to turn it off. So here I have, as you can see, a French title on the top. Just press V to turn that off, and an English title on the bottom. What I'd like to do is assign this to two title subroles, so they're both assigned to the title subrole.
And by doing this, or creating this subroles, on export, I can choose to export one subrole and then have another version where I choose to export another. To see how this is done, I'm going to head back over here to my timeline index, and I'm going to go over here to the edit roles tab, yet again. Besides creating a brand new role from the top like I did the last time for stills, on the title's role, you can see here there's a hide subroles button. I'm just going to click the plus button to create a subrole. The first one I'm going to call English, and I'll click out, and I'll create yet another subrole, which I'm going to call French.
Once I've got this, or created these two subroles, I'm going to apply it to the project, and now I'm going to assign those subroles to the appropriate title. So with my English subroles selected, go to modify menu like we did last time, head over to assigned video roles, and I'm going to assign this to the English video role. I'm then going to click the V to activate that French title and just turn off my English title, go back to that modified menu again, go to assigned video roles, and choose French. So now that these subroles are setup, here is part of the magic.
By the way, in the roles tab, if I click on expand, you can see these subroles and how I can select each of them right there. And if I wanted to, I can actually just turn off the French one here, rather than disabling it. So how can I trigger this on export? If I go to file menu, and we decide to share our projects. Export out a master file for the time being. Once I go into this dialog box, I'm going to head straight over to the settings tab on the right-hand side. And you'll see down here at the very bottom roles as is currently set to Quicktime movie.
I'm going to click down here and choose to do this as a multi-track Quicktime movie, and what you'll see here is now I can see all of the individual roles. So for my video roles, all video, all titles, all stills are currently going to be exported. But if I click on here and instead of all titles decide just to trigger out my French title, what's going to happen is it's only going to export out the French and not export out the English. This is fantastic, as in my English title is going to be ignored.
Once I've done that, I'm going to just head back to the info pane, I'm going to now just choose and make sure that this master file is being saved. Then I can see the format. I'm going to just choose next, and I'm going to go head over to my desktop, where I'm going to create a new folder called JC ROLES FRENCH. I'll choose to create that, and I'll make sure that the project is JC FRENCH VERSION. Once I choose to save, this project is going to then export in the background.
And if you'd like to see an overview of how this project is being exported, we can always go to our background task manager on the top-left hand corner and see that progress take place in the background. So here is now my master file, and it opened automatically based on the share settings that were selected, and if I scrub further in the timeline, notice that only a French title was exported. You can then repeat this step with the English title, and in fact you can even setup bundles using this information.
I'm Nick. Thanks for tuning into Final Cut Pro X Weekly.
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