Join Ashley Kennedy for an in-depth discussion in this video Trimming clips: Using the Ripple tool to extend edits, part of Final Cut Pro X 10.2 Essential Training.
- Most editors will tell you that the real art of editing comes in the trimming process, one frame at a time. It's not only used to correct errors, but you remove frames to tighten up a scene, or let out frames to let a scene breathe. These are the essential components of making sure that a scene really does its job. All right. So we have our interview sequence here. And in the previous chapter, when we put this together, we may have been pretty careful to get it as perfect as possible on the first pass. But when editing this one together, I didn't take that type of care.
And that's fine, because we can get it just right through trimming. At any rate, I'll play through the first part of this so you can see some of the issues that we need to fix. - I do, I do my mixture of cr- my avocado, I always, then I add that in a, my white chocolate and I do my ganache, my emulsion. Then this, when it's ready, I let it s- - All right. So as you can see, there are definitely some problems here. So where do we start? Well, we need to watch each and every edit very closely.
We need to take a look at each of the transitions in the sequence and ask ourselves, does this edit work? Does it need to be changed? Do we need to add frames or subtract frames? And we're gonna do this primarily using Ripple Trim, which we've already done throughout the course. All right. Before we do this, I want to quickly mention, it's easy enough to figure out how we subtract frames, right? But I wanna be sure that you're aware of how we add them. It all goes back to when we were selecting our in and out points for the clips that we edited into the sequence. So let me show you this.
If I select any of these segments and then right-click and choose Reveal in Browser, or better yet, just press shift f, you can see that it brings up the clip and it highlights the area that we've used. And I can zoom in a little bit more here, command + +. All right. So this is the section that was edited in right here. But I have all these frames available to me, to the left of the in point and to the right of the out point. And these unused frames, from your source material, by the way, are called Handle.
And I can add those back into my sequence when I'm trimming. By the way, you can see all of these marked ranges, with these orange lines, in Final Cut. And that tells me what parts of the clip I have edited into the loaded project, the loaded sequence. If you can't see that, then you go up to View, and you need to Show your Used Media Ranges. So if I hide those, you can see that they go away. But now I'll show them, and we have an indication now of everything that was edited into this loaded project.
All right. So let's start at the beginning here and then work our way forward. I'll zoom in, I'll use command + +. And we wanna go to the first edit, so I'm gonna press my down key and I'm just gonna select it. And what we wanna do is play around, okay? So we want to back up two seconds, go through the edit and go forward two seconds, over and over again. So there's a couple things that I need to make sure of. First I need to make sure that looping is enabled. Again, that's in View, Playback, and Loop Playback, that's command l toggle. And then Play Around is shift ?.
So I'm going to select this edit and press shift ? to see what we have here. - I do, I do my mixture of a cr- ... I do, I do my mixture of a cr- ... - All right. So what do we think here? We're gonna take this one side at a time. We're gonna start with the shot on the left, which is called the A Side clip, and then we'll move to the shot on the right, which is the B Side clip. Okay. So we need to remove frames from the A Side clip. Right after he says, "I do," we want to cut to the next shot.
Now, there's a couple ways that I can do this. You can just do a simple drag Ripple Trim, where you drag back. Let me undo that, command z. You can use your Trim buttons, so your , key will trim one frame at a time to the left. Your . key will trim one frame at a time to the right. And if you trim back, and then you can play again, shift ?, to test it. - I do, do my mixture of a cr-, I-- - Okay. And let me just undo that, because I wanna show you one more way.
You can actually just select the edit and then move your skimmer to where you want to cut, and then you perform an extend edit. And that's shift x. And you can see that it made an immediate trim. Okay? So an extend edit is really nice when you just say, "I wanna trim right to here," and it'll do the job for you. And then, of course, I guess there's a fourth way. Let me unto that. And that's if I just click here and mark an in. And now I've marked an in, and it automatically marks an out at the end of the clip.
Then I can just press Delete, and it gets rid of that, as well. Okay? So we can drag Ripple, we can use the Trim keys, we can do an extend edit, or we can just perform an extraction. At any rate, let me make sure that I've got it. - Do, do my mixture o-- - Okay. I think maybe just add one more frame there. And then, now let's move on to the B Side. And I'm going to do a shift ? real quick. - I do, do my mixture of a cr- ... I do, do my-- - Okay. So I think this is where he says, "my mixture," so I'm just going to place my skimmer here, press shift x, and I think I've got it.
I'll go ahead and play over the edit. - Do my mixture of a-- - All right. I think we've got it. We might need to finesse it by a frame or two. I'll go ahead and just let this out one more frame, so I'll press , to go to the left here. Now, if I wanna smooth this out, if you hover right where you have your little black line, you get these little faders, okay? So occasionally you might want to just fade right at the transition to smooth things out a little bit. So I'll try that, and we'll see how that sounds. - Do my mixture. - All right. I think that's good. Let's move on to the next edit.
I'll press my down key, and I'll just select this, and we'll do a Play Around, shift ?. - Do my mixture of a cr-, my avocado, I always do-- - Okay. So I think we want to stop right after he says, "my mixture of." And this might be a good time to put on audio skimming, so we get exactly when that's happening. Again, audio skimming is right over here, or shift s. And I always leave this off until I need it. Then it's nice to turn it on. All right. So I'm gonna press shift s.
(distorted speech) All right. So he's finishes saying "of" right there. Okay. So I can use any of my trimming techniques. Since my skimmer's already here and the edit selected, I'll go ahead and do an extend edit, shift x, and it trims back to that point, okay? And we'll go on to the B side edit. I'm pretty sure we just need to remove this dead space here. Let's test it. - My avocado. - Yeah. So I'll just click and drag, and I think we've got it. - -ture of my avocado, I alway- - All right. And we just keep on going down the line, performing tactile Ripples or using our Trim keys or performing extend edits, or extracting from an in and out point, until we get it looking a little bit more like this.
And this is what we did in the previous chapter, so you're familiar with his whole process of making the avocado truffle. All right. So that's it. Going from transition to transition, playing, watching, make sure the A Side looks good, make sure the B Side looks good, and then playing and watching again. Now, after we learn how to perform roll edits in the next movie, we're gonna revisit Ripple Trims and learn an even more dynamic form of trimming called Trimming on the Fly.
Learn how to build and refine your story with the powerful editing toolset in Final Cut Pro X 10.2. In this course, author Ashley Kennedy gets you comfortable with each aspect of the editing process in Final Cut. She begins with a Quick Start chapter to quickly take you through an entire project from start to finish, and then dives deeply into each step of the post-production process—from preparation and organization, to editing and refining, to audio and effects, to media management and exporting. Each stage of the postproduction workflow is explained thoroughly and concisely, and uses real-world examples from both narrative and documentary workflows.
This lynda.com course and its exercise files are compatible with Final Cut Pro X v10.2 or later. Upgrade your software to v10.2 to take this course. For training on older versions of the program, watch Final Cut Pro X 10.1.x Essential Training or Final Cut Pro X 10.0.9 Essential Training.
- Touring the interface
- Ingesting and organizing assets
- Navigating and marking footage
- Performing basic edits
- Moving and removing clips
- Trimming in the timeline
- Working with connected clips and secondary storylines
- Editing audio
- Multicam editing
- Working with effects
- Correcting color
- Managing libraries and projects
- Sharing and exporting projects