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- Identifying story elements
- Finding the essence of a story
- Importing folders and stills as keyword collections
- Using keywords to make clips accessible
- Prepping clips for editing
- Developing story diversity
- Sculpting the story within the timeline
- Fine-tuning edits
- Organizing separate story segments into independent storylines
- Recording a narration track
- Adding sound effects
- Applying effects to enhance story elements
- Adding freeze frames
Skill Level Intermediate
Some say timing is everything, and if you've ever edited the perfect clip to cover a segment of narration only to discover it's not long enough to cover it, I'm sure you'd agree. But don't fret and don't go looking for a different clip, not just yet, trust your instincts and then simply change the speed of the clip. This technique may not always work, but it's always worth a try. In the Project library, let's open the Retiming project.
In this project, we have three clips, well one's a compound clip of stills, but we will refer to that as a single clip. Notice that the compound clip matches pretty well to the end of Paul talking, but the music clip stopped short. Now this might happen in your own project where you have a music track and you like it, and maybe whoever was shooting the music shot a good amount of it, what they thought was a good amount, but it just didn't turn out to be long enough for what you wanted to use it for.
Sometimes you don't know that until you get into the editing room. So you have a couple of choices; one choice is that you could copy this clip and paste it and join two copies of the clip together. Sometimes that works well, another option is to utilize a retiming, or speed function, in an editing application and slow the clip down in order to make it play slower and then make it longer. Well, let's do that. Let's select the clip, and then click on the Retiming pop-up, and in order to make the clip longer, we have to play it slower.
We will go with the fastest slow speed which is 50% and select that. When you apply a speed change to a clip, in Final Cut Pro a little retiming window pops up above the clip and it displays a speed segment bar. Now the color of the speed segment is significant. If the speed segment bar is orange that indicates that you have a slower than 100% speed. Now we can change this because notice what happened by doubling the length of the clip, which is what occurred when we slowed it down to 50%, it made it much too long for this project.
No worries; we can simply grab the little handle at the end of the speed segment and drag it closer in to the end of the other clips. Now notice by shortening the length of that clip, it also affected the speed; it brought the speed up to 75%. Let's listen to a little bit of this and see how you feel about that change. (Video Playing) Paul: then coffee trees are going to be taken care of. And the trees have to produce food, clothing, shelter, healthcare and eduction for their families and their communities -- Diana Weynand: So we have a couple of things to consider when you sit back and evaluate what you just did.
First of all, do you like that the music continues under the pictures throughout the end of this project? I would say that's a good thing. The second thing is, in what way did it impact the music? Well, it slowed it down, so now you hear the kids singing and playing, but not at that faster speed that they did before. Now you need to decide whether the speed of the music is impacting the story. Now you might be so used to hearing it at the faster speed that it's a little harder for you to tell, so you might want to bring somebody in to just simply say, hey how do you like the music that I selected for this project? Then they'll listening to it brand new.
(Video Playing) Paul: so much love in their hearts, that they could form a co-operative based on peace between three -- Diana Weynand: So that's one of the things to consider and that's one of the approaches that you could take to even up the sound and the still images within the compound clip. There is another approach we can take, so I am going to press Command+Z to undo what we did. And then I am going to click the Close button in the Retiming window. This time, let's take the approach to retime the compound clip.
Now if we were retiming a single clip, this would work exactly the same way. So first of all, if we liked the music at the speed that it is. (Video Playing) And we chose instead to make the still images move faster so we could get through them quicker and end with the music, that would be another alternative. So we would approach it the same way, select the clip, in this case, the compound clip. This time we go to the Retime menu and choose Fast, and let's just go with twice as fast which, of course, will make the clip half as long.
Again, we see the Retiming window appear above the compound clip, and we see a blue segment bar. When you see a blue bar, regardless of the percentage, it's indicating that the clip is playing faster than 100%. So at this point, this compound clip is too fast because it ends much sooner than the music. So we'll just grab the handle of the speed segment and come out to the end of the music clip. Now that changed our speed to 133% in this case, might be a little faster or slower if you try it.
But let's look at a few stills of this and see whether or not that has in any way altered the impact of the zooms on the stills. (Video Playing) Paul: communities, in order to be loved. Otherwise you look at the trees, if you're a farmer and you say, these trees are producing strife, and misery, and poverty. Can't love that. Diana Weynand: So in a way, it might even improve for the stills to go a little bit faster and move through them a little quicker. The other thing that this does, is it opens up in room for Paul to speak to the camera and to your audience directly, which is sort of nice, so that we come out of the stills and then go to Paul.
(Video Playing) Paul: the fact that they could form a co-operative based on peace between three warring religions in the world -- Diana Weynand: And there are things you could do to finesse this like perhaps change the fade of the transition to come in smoothly to Paul, but it is sort of nice to come back to Paul after hearing him talk for awhile, and finish up this thought. Now, this approach is a great way to do something such as add or subtract an image in a project without changing the length of the overall group.
You would group the clips and then just change the speed in order to fit in the same slot it had. Changing the timing of a clip is often used to create a special effect, a speed effect, but don't forget; it can also get you out of a jam when you're trying to make a story segment work.