Join Ashley Kennedy for an in-depth discussion in this video Keyframing video and audio effects over time, part of Final Cut Pro X 10.1.x Essential Training.
So far in this chapter, we've been exploring how to apply effects to clips in which the change we create is applied for the entire duration of the clip. Sometimes however, you want to make an effect come in gradually or leave abruptly, or even both. Fortunately, through keyframes, we can change an effect over time in either gradual or abrupt manners. Let's take a look. So I'm going into 9.6. And let's open up the effect browser. And let's say that we want our first shot here to come in with sort of an aged, antiquated look, and then just slowly come into full color the way it is right here.
So what I'm going to do is apply aged paper, and aged film, to this shot. And let's open the inspector, command four, and if we want to make any global adjustments I'm going to do that now. So, I think it's a little much so I'm going to bring it down, like so. Maybe bring back the aged film a little bit. So this is kind of what it's going to look like when the shot opens. But of course we need to dial it down as the shot progresses so that we come to full color.
So what I'm going to do is park at the very beginning and we first have to set a key frame to store these full on values. So what I'm going to do is come up to Age paper and I'm going to select key frame, add a key frame. So this is the key frame that's going to store the full value, and I'm going to press it here and here, and here. So one key frame isn't going to do us any good. We need multiple key frames to actually produce a change over time.
So about right here, I'm going to set my next set of key frames. That and then we'll get rid of it completely. Take away the amount and then right here. Take it away as well. So, we should be progressing from our aged paper, aged film look slowly to our full color shot. Works really well. In this case, we only added two key frames, one at the beginning and one halfway through. But you can add as many as you want. You can have this effect going full strength, and then back to zero, and then halfway, many times throughout the duration of the effect.
It's totally up to you. If you do have a more intricate key frame animation. Or if you'd like to see how multiple effects are interacting with one another. You'll probably want to show it here in the timeline. The way you do that is. You just click on the clip, and then right click. And choose, Show Video Animation. Notice that Show audio animation is also available. So if wanted to key frame your audio effects, you certainly could. Keyboard shortcut here is Ctrl+V, so I'm just going to select that. And let's take a look at what we've got here.
Now as you can see, we have an entire stack of key framable effects, and you'll recognize most of them. We our trim, our transform, we haven't talked about color yet, but you can see you can key frame color. But, here's our two effects at the top, Aged Paper and Aged Film. Notice that each one of these effects has a blue light over here to enable and disable it. So, as I do this in the stack here, also notice that it is performed here in the inspector. Also notice that if I change the order of the effects in the inspector.
The order is likewise changed here. So I'm going to move that back actually, because I want the paper processed first. We can see the various key frames here in this view. Now depending on the effect, there may be a drop-down menu, where you can choose which parameter within this effect you want to change. So right now we're affecting mask size. We can also affect amount. Some of them, like mask size, allow you to open it up even further into this graphical view, where we can take a look at our keyframes and then drag them up and down accordingly.
If this graphical view is not available, then you just have to click on this keyframe and then come up to the inspector and adjust your amounts like so. So that's how that works. Sometimes you get to do it here in the timeline and sometimes you need to interact between the timeline and the inspector. So let's actually take a look and see how this is looking. We've got the general effect going, but I think with mask size, let's go ahead and start with. This all the way down to the zero and then right here, let's add a key frame and make it come up abruptly.
I can either just drag this up like so and you can see that a key frame was added for me. Let me undo that, Cmd Z. Notice that I can also hold down option, and as you can see I have the indication that I can add a key frame with that little diamond to the right of the cursor. And I'm going to click, and I add a key frame, and I can just drag up like so. So now this is how it's opening up. So we kind of have this vignette, coming up, and then we gradually have everything else coming on. So I think that's looking good. We again have these little knobs here, and we've seen these before in audio, but they also work in video.
Let me just come down to opacity so that I can show you how this works. Let's go ahead and open up my graph, and here's my little knob. If I just drag this over like this, this is going to be a ramp. Coming up from totally black to full opacity, so it's just a way to, you know, quickly fade your clips up and down. And then to close your stack, you just click on this x and the video animation tool is gone but all the work that we did in there is retained.
As you can see, adding key frames is an effective way to animate your effects allowing them to change over time in exactly the way that you want.
This lynda.com course and its exercise files are only compatible with Final Cut Pro X v10.1 or later. If you are running a prior version of Final Cut Pro X please upgrade your software to v10.1, or, if you chose not to upgrade, use the pre-v10.1 Final Cut Pro X Essentials course that's still available in the lynda.com library.
- Understanding nonlinear editing
- Creating, organizing and managing libraries and events
- Organizing footage with keywords and ratings
- Playing and marking clips
- Performing Insert, Append, Overwrite, and Replace edits
- Moving and removing clips
- Trimming in the timeline: performing ripple, roll, slip and slide edits
- Working with connected clips and multiple storylines
- Adjusting audio levels, EQ, and more
- Performing a multicam edit
- Adding and animating video and audio effects
- Working with motion effects, speed effects, titles, themes, and generators
- Performing primary and secondary color correction
- Importing and analyzing footage from multiple platforms
- Managing media and project data
- Sharing and exporting projects