- Maximizing your color board
- Mastering speed effects
- Working with Compressor
- Learning helpful keyboard shortcuts
- Uploading videos to the web
- Setting up workspaces
Skill Level Intermediate
- [Nick] Welcome to Final Cut Pro X Weekly. I am Nick and Jeff is sadly not here this week. We're going to look at, working with, 4K in HD production, and why bigger may be better in smaller project frame size. Some of our key concepts here are, "The power of working with 4K in an HD Project", and the power really is you get scaling power. You get a lot of scaling power as well as you can save on the bandwidth when you upload potentially a project, online to the web. The big question is, are people who are watching your content maybe on YouTube, really looking at your 4K material or is HD going to be just fine.
You know, film formats and how big they are, are moving rather quickly. In fact, certain broadcasters have standards now, where they'll only accept 4K HDR material such as Netflix, and shooting in 4K and mastering in HD for the time being, can be a way of future proofing your work. Cause' you can go back to it later and take that HD project and then, update it to that be that of 4K, and change around the scaling of some of your clips. So, in order to see the whole thing here, we're going to create an HD project inside Final Cut for 4K video, we're going to look at taking advantage of proxy files, in those situations where you might not have, enough computer resources to really truly take advantage of a 4K, realtime playback, workflow.
And also looking at transformative crop controls, for framing our 4K clips inside of Final Cut Pro X. So, before we do. Here is, HD video, on the right, and here 4K Ultra video on the left, and just notice how much bigger it is. Picture now taking that 4K Ultra HD video, and fitting it into a 1920 by 1080 box, and look how much you can scale up on that clip. It's quite significant. Combine this of course with future proofing your work, which we've already talked about and you got a win, win situation.
So, this is how it comes together inside of Final Cut Pro X. Inside of Final Cut, I got a library already created, containing two green clips. These happen to be 4K. If I actually select on one of these clips, and under the Inspector go to the Info, tab... you'll see that 4096 by 2160. At a frame rate of 30 frames per second. Now, how would we get this into an HD, project is the following. If you go into the file menu, and choose new project, I'll change the project name to "My HD Project".
The big thing you want to make sure, is that we're not using automatic settings, which is what shows up by default in this dialog box. In fact, if you twirl this down, you can choose an appropriate HD, 1080p, format... and make sure that we're matching the frame rate, of the 4K clips that we'll be placing inside of it. So, with these settings, I'll choose okay, and now here in my timeline I have a blank "My HD Project". And I'll just make a quick selection here, on one of the 4K clips, the main establishing shot that you see here.
So, you can see that there is an in and out point and I'll press "e" to append it into the timeline. When I, take a look at this clip right now, and I go into the video Inspector, there is no sign that is been scaled down, but you should know that Final Cut will automatically scale down clips when you bring them into a project that's smaller. But here is the magic of this. If I select this clip and go to the transform settings, and I'll just start to scale this clip up, substantially, this going to be about, let's go with 200 percent.
I want you to notice, that there is, really no, quality loss, when looking at this image. I was able scale up this clip almost 200 percent, and rest assured, I'm still looking at a very sharp image. Now, working with 4K can be taxing on your system, and one thing that you can do with combining this with a 4K to HD workflow, is to select your clips and actually trans code media. From here, when you're selecting a clip you can always create, what's known as a proxy file, this is going to be a Apple ProRes 422 proxy file, that's going to be saved within your library.
And by selecting creates this proxy here in the background, under the "Trans coding Analysis" section. It's happening pretty fast on my iMac Pro. The cool thing is I can edit and play around with 4K media, but, with that proxy format. So, in fact if I select this clip, and go to the view menu, I can jump over here to proxy. Now, you're going to see a little bit of a quality loss, just because it's smaller file size, but it's not, super noticeable and it takes a lot less resources up on your computer.
Anything that doesn't have a proxy, shows that mixing, proxy badge. One way that you can get these mixing proxies of course, is to actually go back to the "Trans code Media" section, and appropriately checking "Create Proxies" from the, "Trans code Media" dialog box. We'll see, that in the background Final Cut gets to work on both of those clips. So, how does this 4K clip that we just scaled up in the timeline, differ from that of an HD clip? To see, I'll grab the HD clip here that you see, This is a HD free clip. I can see it's settings over here, in the info... pane of the inspector.
I drag that into an HD timeline. And with it selected, begin to scale it up, which around the same percentage, that we saw, roughly 200 percent. I just notice, that artifacts are starting to appear, this image is a lot softer. It's really not maintaining... the good quality, of the scale up that we did here on this subject. So, you have unlimited scaling power, which is going to work great for this green screen video. Cause' I can basically cut between multiple shots and production value, versus that of an HD clip when you scale it up to the same percentage of 200 percent you're going to lose that quality in an HD project.
Now even better, although what you'll have to do at the very end, if you ever do this, which is to change an HD project to that of a 4K project, if you ever need to, deliver something better at future, or later point in time. One way that you can do that is to of course, select your existing project. What I'm going to do is duplicate this as a project snapshot. Here, in the timeline, I've got a unique instance, of my project, and with that unique instance selected, I choose to modify.
Here, I'm going to make that into a 4K project. Resembling the footage that I have, which happens to be 4096 by 2160, I'll press okay. Once I do, a few things are going to happen. So, if I open up the project snapshot, I going to take a look at that footage that we have here. One thing I might really want to do, is scale this clip back down. So, in fact I'll bring that down to a 100 percent, and then reset its position settings.
Of course, the HD clip isn't really going to hold up so... in 4K project so I have to get rid of that. But now, I can easily deliver a 4K format, with that material that was originally in an HD project. So, it's just gives me a lot of workarounds, specifically for dealing, with 4K in an HD project temporarily, and then if I ever need to of course, upgrading that project to 4K, with the 4K footage inside of it. So, there is a few things to know about working with 4K, in HD projects inside of Final Cut Pro X.
Hope this has been insightful, thanks for tuning in, see you next week.
Q: Why can't I earn a Certificate of Completion for this course?
A: We publish a new tutorial or tutorials for this course on a regular basis. We are unable to offer a Certificate of Completion because it is an ever-evolving course that is not designed to be completed. Check back often for new movies.